Richardson v. Doshi (INMATE 1)(CONSENT)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER: it is ORDERED and ADJUDGED that: 1) The 8 Motion to Dismiss filed by dft Doshi be GRANTED to the extent the dft seeks dismissal of this case due to the plf's failure to properly exhaust an administrative remedy cu rrently available to him in the state prison system; 2) This case be DISMISSED without prejudice pursuant to the provisions of 42 USC § 1997e(a) for the plf's failure to exhaust an administrative remedy presently available to him; 3) No costs be taxed herein. Signed by Honorable Judge Terry F. Moorer on 8/19/2013. (wcl, )
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
EDWARD L. RICHARDSON, #285807,
DR. SHAKEETA DOSHI,1
) CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:13-CV-228-TFM
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
In this 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action, Edward L. Richardson ["Richardson"], a state
inmate, challenges the adequacy of medical treatment provided to him in the early part of
this year during his incarceration at the Kilby Correctional Facility ["Kilby"]. Richardson
names Dr. Doshi, the Medical Director at Kilby, as the sole defendant in this cause of
The defendant filed a special report and supporting evidentiary materials addressing
Richardson's claim for relief. In these documents, defendant Doshi asserts that the
complaint is due to be dismissed because Richardson failed to exhaust an administrative
remedy available to him through the prison system's medical care provider, Corizon, Inc.
The defendant advises that her true name is Sangeeta Doshi.
In addition, defendant Doshi maintains and the evidentiary materials, including medical
records compiled contemporaneously with the treatment provided to Richardson, indicate
that Richardson received appropriate medical treatment during the period of time relevant
to the instant complaint.
Pursuant to the orders entered in this case and governing case law, the court deems
it appropriate to treat the defendant's report as a motion to dismiss. Order of May 31, 2013
- Doc. No. 15; Bryant v. Rich, 530 F.3d 1368, 1375 (11th Cir. 2008) (citations omitted)
("[A]n exhaustion defense - as in [this] case - is not ordinarily the proper subject for a
summary judgment; instead, it 'should be raised in a motion to dismiss, or be treated as
such if raised in a motion for summary judgment.'"). Thus, this case is now pending on the
defendant's motion to dismiss. Upon consideration of this motion and the undisputed
evidentiary materials filed in support thereof, the court concludes that the defendant's
motion to dismiss is due to be granted.
Richardson challenges the constitutionality of medical treatment provided to him for
injuries suffered in a fall during his prior incarceration at Kilby.2 In response to the
complaint, the defendant denies Richardson's allegations and likewise maintains that this
case is subject to dismissal because Richardson failed to exhaust the administrative remedy
provided via the medical care provider prior to filing this complaint as required by the
Richardson remains incarcerated but is now confined at the Hamilton Aged and Infirmed Facility.
Prison Litigation Reform Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Federal law directs this court to treat
the medical defendant's response as a motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust an
administrative remedy and allows the court to look beyond the pleadings to relevant
evidentiary materials in deciding the issue of proper exhaustion. Bryant, 530 F.3d at 1375.
The Prison Litigation Reform Act compels exhaustion of available administrative
remedies before a prisoner can seek relief in federal court on a § 1983 complaint.
Specifically, 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a) states that "[n]o action shall be brought with respect to
prison conditions under section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner
confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies
as are available are exhausted." "Congress has provided in § 1997(e)(a) that an inmate
must exhaust irrespective of the forms of relief sought and offered through administrative
remedies." Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 741 n.6 (2001). "[T]he PLRA's exhaustion
requirement applies to all inmate suits about prison life, whether they involve general
circumstances or particular episodes, and whether they allege excessive force or some other
wrong." Porter v. Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 532 (2002). Exhaustion of all available
administrative remedies is a precondition to litigation and a federal court cannot waive the
exhaustion requirement. Booth, 532 U.S. at 741; Alexander v. Hawk, 159 F.3d 1321, 1325
(11th Cir. 1998); Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 126 S.Ct. 2378 (2006). Moreover, "the
PLRA exhaustion requirement requires proper exhaustion." Woodford, 548 U.S. at 93,
126 S.Ct. at 2387 (emphasis added). "Proper exhaustion demands compliance with an
agency's deadlines and other critical procedural rules [as a precondition to filing suit in
federal court] because no adjudicative system can function effectively without imposing
some orderly structure on the courts of its proceedings.... Construing § 1997e(a) to require
proper exhaustion ... fits with the general scheme of the PLRA, whereas [a contrary]
interpretation [allowing an inmate to bring suit in federal court once administrative
remedies are no longer available] would turn that provision into a largely useless
appendage." 548 U.S. at 90-91, 93, 126 S.Ct. at 2386-2387. The Court reasoned that
because proper exhaustion of administrative remedies is necessary an inmate cannot
"satisfy the Prison Litigation Reform Act's exhaustion requirement ... by filing an untimely
or otherwise procedurally defective administrative grievance or appeal[,]" or by effectively
bypassing the administrative process simply by waiting until the grievance procedure is no
longer available to him. 548 U.S. at 83-84, 126 S.Ct. at 2382; Johnson v. Meadows, 418
F.3d 1152, 1157 (11th Cir. 2005) (inmate who files an untimely grievance or simply spurns
the administrative process until it is no longer available fails to satisfy the exhaustion
requirement of the PLRA). "The only facts pertinent to determining whether a prisoner has
satisfied the PLRA's exhaustion requirement are those that existed when he filed his
original complaint." Smith v. Terry, 491 F.Appx. 81, 83 (11th Cir. 2012) (per curiam).
Even where an inmate litigant "attempt[s] to amend or supplement his original complaint"
regarding subsequent exhaustion, it does "not change the important historical fact: his
administrative remedies were unexhausted when he filed his original complaint. Therefore,
he cannot cure the exhaustion defect." Id.
The record in this case is undisputed that the health care provider for the Alabama
Department of Corrections provides a grievance procedure for inmate complaints related
to the provision of medical treatment. Defendant's Exhibit A (Contained in Exhibit 3) Doc. No. 8-3 at 54-56. The evidentiary materials submitted by the defendant further
demonstrate that Richardson failed to file the requisite grievance prior to initiation of this
federal civil action. Defendant's Exhibit 3 (Affidavit of Dallas Diaz - Health Services
Administrator for Kilby) - Doc. No. 8-3 at 51. Richardson does not dispute his failure to
exhaust the administrative remedy available in the prison system prior to filing this case.
The court therefore concludes that the claim presented in this cause of action against the
defendant is subject to summary dismissal without prejudice as Richardson failed to
properly exhaust an administrative remedy available to him which is a precondition to
proceeding in this court on such claim. Ngo, 548 U.S. at 87-94, 126 S.Ct. at 2384-2388;
Bryant, 530 F.3d at 1374-1375 (dismissal for failure to exhaust an administrative remedy
when the remedy remains available is not an adjudication of the merits and is without
For the foregoing reasons, it is ORDERED and ADJUDGED that:
1. The motion to dismiss filed by defendant Doshi be GRANTED to the extent the
defendant seeks dismissal of this case due to the plaintiff's failure to properly exhaust an
administrative remedy currently available to him in the state prison system.
2. This case be DISMISSED without prejudice pursuant to the provisions of 42
U.S.C. § 1997e(a) for the plaintiff's failure to exhaust an administrative remedy presently
available to him.
3. No costs be taxed herein.
Done this 19th day of August, 2013.
/s/Terry F. Moorer
TERRY F. MOORER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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