Fergerson v. United States of America (INMATE 3)
ORDER as follows: 1. Petitioner's 30 Objection is OVERRULED. 2. The court ADOPTS the 25 Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge. 3. This 1 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion is DENIED, and this case is DISMISSED with prejudice. Signed by Honorable Judge W. Harold Albritton, III on 9/22/2015. (dmn, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FORTHE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
CASE NO. 2:13-cv-376-WHA
This case is before the court on the Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (Doc. #25),
entered on August 11, 2015, and the Petitioner’s Objection (Doc. #30). The court has conducted
an independent evaluation and de novo review of this case and finds as follows:
In her objections to the Recommendation that her § 2255 motion be denied, Fergerson
reasserts her claims that her trial counsel was ineffective for (1) failing to adequately challenge
the loss attributed to her for sentencing purposes; (2) failing to investigate her mental health
issues; (3) stipulating that there were 10 or more victims of her offense; and (4) failing to raise an
ex post facto argument regarding the version of the Sentencing Guidelines used in her case.
1. Challenge to attributed loss. As the Recommendation notes, Fergerson’s counsel (1)
thoroughly cross-examined the Government’s witness at her sentencing hearing (IRS Agent
Forte); (2) challenged the methodology used by the Government to estimate the percentage of
fraudulent returns filed by Fast Tax Cash (the fraudulent tax-prep business Fergerson was
involved with); and (3) vigorously challenged the loss attributed to her.
Seventy pages of the 100-page sentencing hearing transcript concern the question of
attributed loss, which was put into issue when Fergerson’s counsel objected to the finding in the
PSI that Fergerson was accountable for a loss of “at least $3,000,000.” Fergerson neither
demonstrates that the court’s finding regarding loss was erroneous nor identifies a plausible
argument or evidence that her trial counsel could have presented that was reasonably likely to
change the court’s loss determination.
2. Investigation of mental health issues. Notwithstanding Fergerson’s mental health
history (which was set out in her PSI), the Record does not positively, unequivocally, and clearly
generate a legitimate doubt about her competency. Her mental and emotional health had
stabilized by the time criminal proceedings were initiated against her. She appeared to fully
understand the proceedings against her. And she participated meaningfully in those proceedings.
Nor does Fergerson demonstrate that she suffered from a mental impairment that
prevented her from appreciating the wrongfulness of her conduct or that rendered her unable to
control her behavior at the time she committed the offense. The Record reflects that she willfully
and knowingly participated in an immense and protracted fraudulent tax refund scheme designed
to net her and her conspirators substantial amounts of money.
3. Stipulation to 10 or more victims. As for the number of Fergerson’s victims, the
testimony of Agent Forte and Fergerson’s own admissions in the plea agreement established that
the number of her victims exceeded the 10 individuals required for the two-level enhancement in
U.S.S.G. § 2B1.1(b)(2)(A). Fergerson does not demonstrate that, had her counsel argued that her
offense involved fewer than 10 victims and insisted that the Government be put to the task of
proving economic loss by her victims by presenting further evidence and argument concerning
the stolen identities and stolen tax refunds of the individuals victimized by her scheme, the
outcome of the proceedings would have been different, i.e., that the court would have found that
the two-level enhancement under § 2B1.1(b)(2)(A) did not apply to her offense conduct.
Fergerson merely presumes that her victims did not suffer economic loss.
Further, as indicated in the Recommendation, Fergerson’s challenge to the number of her
victims for purposes of § 2B1.1(b)(2) runs counter to her stipulations in her plea agreement and
her conduct admissions when pleading guilty. "There can be but little doubt that the favorable
terms of her plea agreement – and perhaps the fact that a plea offer was even made in her case –
depended to some degree on her willingness to concede that her offense involved 10 or more
victims and therefore warranted a two-level enhancement under § 2B1.1(b)(2)(A). Trial counsel
may well have recognized that the plea agreement and the Government’s willingness to
recommend a sentence reduction under U.S.S.G. § 3E1.1(a) for acceptance of responsibility
depended on Fergerson’s full acceptance of responsibility for her actions and her expressions of
4. Failure to raise argument regarding ex posto facto violation. Partly for the abovediscussed reasons, Fergerson does not show that her counsel was ineffective for failing to raise
an ex post facto argument regarding which version of the Guidelines manual was used, 2011 or
2008. Fergerson’s victims could properly be considered as “victims” (who sustained economic
loss) for purposes of § 2B1.1(b)(2) under both the 2011 Guidelines (in effect when she was
sentenced) and the 2008 Guidelines (in effect when her offense concluded). Consequently, no ex
post facto violation resulted from use of the 2011 Guidelines at her sentencing.
Therefore, the court finds the objection of the Petitioner to be without merit, and it is
hereby ORDERED as follows:
1. Petitioner’s Objection is OVERRULED.
2. The court ADOPTS the Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge.
3. This 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion is DENIED, and this case is DISMISSED with
DONE this 22nd day of September, 2015.
/s/ W. Harold Albritton
W. HAROLD ALBRITTON
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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