Shepard v. United States of America (INMATE 3)
ORDER OVERRULING petitioner's 21 Objections; further ORDERING that the 20 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge is ADOPTED; DENYING the 1 motion to vacate, set asside, or correct sentence; and that this case is DISMISSED with prejudice. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 10/6/15. (djy, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES OF
CASE NO. 2:13-CV-499-WKW
Petitioner Richard Shepard initiated this action with a Motion to Vacate, Set
Aside, or Correct Sentence (Doc. # 1) pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. In the
resulting Report and Recommendation (Doc. # 20), the Magistrate Judge
determined that the motion was due to be denied with prejudice. Mr. Shepard
timely filed Objections to the Report and Recommendation. (Doc. # 21.) In his
Objections, Mr. Shepard reasserts the arguments put forth in the initial motion.
For the reasons below, the Objections are due to be overruled.
In his first objection, Mr. Shepard argues that his trial counsel rendered
More specifically, he contends that counsel failed to
adequately challenge the sufficiency of evidence of his possession of narcotics and
A review of the record in this case reveals ample circumstantial
evidence demonstrating Mr. Shepard’s constructive possession of both the
narcotics and the firearm. This evidence includes firearm and ammunition receipts
in Mr. Shepard’s name, photographs of Mr. Shepard found in the room where law
enforcement located the narcotics and firearm, and the fact that law enforcement
found the narcotics in a jacket hanging in a closet adjoining the same room. (See
generally Doc. # 8-3.) Mr. Shepard fails to identify another plausible argument
that his counsel should have raised with respect to the sufficiency of this evidence.
(See Doc. # 21, at 1-3.) Since his objection on this point established neither
deficiency of counsel nor resulting prejudice, he is entitled to no relief based on a
claim of ineffective assistance of counsel. See Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S.
668, 687-88, 694 (1984).
Mr. Shepard argues, secondly, that he received ineffective assistance
because his trial counsel failed to challenge the sufficiency of the evidence that he
possessed the firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime. As indicated in
the Report and Recommendation, the record contains sufficient evidence to
establish that Mr. Shepard was in possession of a firearm within the meaning of 18
U.S.C. § 924(c). (Doc. # 20, at 11.) Mr. Shepard’s Objections, moreover, fail to
establish that his counsel rendered deficient performance or that he was in any way
prejudiced. See Strickland, 466 U.S. at 687-88, 694.
Third, Mr. Shepard reanimates his argument that trial counsel rendered
ineffective assistance by failing to file a motion to suppress seized evidence. As
his trial counsel averred, however, no reasonable basis existed for raising such a
motion. (Doc. # 7, at 3.) The Fourth Amendment arguments Mr. Shepard raises
are meritless. Law enforcement officials seized the evidence in question pursuant
to a warrant, which they obtained after conducting extensive police investigation.
(Doc. # 7, at 3.) Since Mr. Shepard cannot establish a basis upon which a motion
to suppress would have succeeded, he fails to show that his trial counsel’s
performance fell below any “objective standard of reasonableness.” See Darden v.
Wainwright, 477 U.S. 168, 184 (1986).
In his fourth objection, Mr. Shepard again argues that the assistance of his
trial counsel was ineffective due to counsel’s failure to object to the Government’s
use of allegedly perjured testimony. With respect to Officer Hayes’s testimony,
Mr. Shepard establishes neither that the statements were actually false nor that the
Government knew of their alleged mendacity. See United States v. Bailey, 123
F.3d 1381, 1395 (11th Cir. 1997). In addition, Mr. Shepard’s Objections fall short
of establishing that Officer Edwards’s statements constituted willful falsehoods.
See id. Mr. Shepard has not established that the assistance of his attorney was
deficient or that he was prejudiced in any way. See Strickland, 466 U.S. at 687-88,
694. As to his objection regarding alleged perjury, Mr. Shepard is entitled to no
Fifth, and finally, Mr. Shepard raises an objection attacking the sufficiency
of his appellate counsel’s assistance. He argues that his appellate counsel failed to
properly raise on appeal an alleged violation of his right to testify. But as his
appellate counsel noted in his affidavit, Mr. Shepard did not identify his desire to
testify as an issue he wished to pursue on appeal. (Doc. # 4, at 1-2.) Further, his
counsel asserted that this issue was properly preserved for appeal. (Doc. # 4, at 12.) Mr. Shepard fails, as noted in the Report and Recommendation, to establish
either that counsel’s performance was deficient or that he was in any way
prejudiced by the allegedly deficient performance. See Strickland, 466 U.S. at
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Petitioner’s Objections to the Report and
Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (Doc. # 21) are OVERRULED. It is
further ORDERED that the Report and Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge
(Doc. # 20) is ADOPTED, that the Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct
Sentence (Doc. # 1) is DENIED, and that this case is DISMISSED with prejudice.
A separate final judgment will be entered.
DONE this 6th day of October, 2015.
/s/ W. Keith Watkins
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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