Turner v. Allstate Insurance Company
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER that Plaintiffs are granted leave to and including 9/30/2014, to file a Second Amended Complaint to plead Count II with particularity. It is further ORDERED that Allstate's 23 Motion to Dismiss is DENIED with leave to refile at the appropriate time, and Allstate's 42 Motion for Leave to File Instanter a Response to Plaintiff's Notice and Suggestion of Recently Decided Case Law is DENIED as moot as further set out in the opinion and order. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 9/23/2014. (dmn, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
GARNET TURNER, et al.,
CASE NO. 2:13-cv-685-WKW
(WO—Do Not Publish)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Before the court is Defendant Allstate Insurance Company’s (“Allstate”) Rule
12(b)(6) Motion to Dismiss. (Doc. #23); Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). Garnet Turner, Suzanne
Willingham, and Donald Kerr (collectively, “Plaintiffs”) filed a response in opposition and
request leave to amend the complaint if greater particularity is required or “the present
pleading falls short for some other reason.” (Doc. #27.) Having reviewed the parties’
arguments, and for the reasons discussed below, the court will allow Plaintiffs to amend, and
Allstate’s motion will be denied with leave to refile.
This case is filed under multiple sections of the Employee Retirement Income Security
Act (“ERISA”). Plaintiffs are former employees of Allstate. Plaintiffs allege that Allstate
provided employees with a company-paid retiree life insurance plan that was to provide them
with life insurance at no cost after retirement. On or about July 2, 2013, Allstate notified
participants that it would no longer pay the premium on the life insurance policy after
December 31, 2015.
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(a), a party may amend his pleading
“by leave of court or by written consent of the adverse party,” and “leave shall be freely
given when justice so requires.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a). “Whether to grant leave to amend is
in the discretion of the district court.”
Canal Indemnity Comp. v. Regency Club
Condominium Owners Assoc., Inc., No. 3:11-cv-400-MEF, 2011 WL 5557379, at *1 (M.D.
Ala. Nov. 15, 2011) (citing Steger v. Gen. Elec. Co., 318 F.3d 1066, 1080 (11th Cir. 2003)).
In construing Rule 15(a), the Supreme Court has held:
In the absence of any apparent or declared reason – such as undue delay, bad
faith, or dilatory motive on the part of the movant, repeated failure to cure
deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, undue prejudice to the
opposing party by virtue of the allowance of the amendment, futility of
amendment, etc.–the leave sought should, as the rules require, be “freely
Forman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962).
Of the reasons listed above to deny Plaintiffs’ motion to amend, Allstate only raises
futility. Within the Eleventh Circuit, a district court’s “denial of leave to amend is justified
by futility when the ‘complaint as amended is still subject to dismissal.’” Burger King Corp.
v. Weaver, 169 F.3d 1310, 1320 (11th Cir. 1999) (quoting Halliburton & Assoc., Inc. v.
Henderson, Few & Co., 774 F.2d 441, 444 (11th Cir. 1985)). Allstate contends that
Plaintiffs’ breach of fiduciary duty claim (Count II) is “time-barred under ERISA’s six-year
statute of repose,” and, therefore, any amendment to that claim would be futile. (Doc. #31
at 19–20.) According to Allstate, the statute of repose promulgated in 29 U.S.C. § 1113
began to run in this case more than seventeen years ago. (Doc. #24 at 10.) Allstate further
alleges that Plaintiffs’ claim is not tolled by the “fraud or concealment” provision of § 1113.1
“In order to constitute fraud or concealment such that the six year statute of limitations
is applicable, a plaintiff must establish that the defendant engaged in active step[s] of
concealment.” Lockhart v. S. Health Plan, Inc. Plan Adm’r, No. 4:04-cv-0006-WLS-MSH,
2012 WL 1576160, at *7 (M.D. Ga. May 4, 2012). “There must be conduct beyond the
breach itself that has the effect of concealing the breach from its victims.” In re Unisys Corp.
Retiree Med. Benefit “ERISA” Litig., 242 F.3d 497, 503 (3d Cir. 2001). Thus, there must be
“evidence that the defendant took affirmative steps [at any point] to hide its breach of
fiduciary duty.” Id. Moreover, a plaintiff alleging fraud “must state with particularity the
circumstances constituting fraud or mistake.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b).
In Count II, Plaintiffs allege that, during “employment and even during retirement,”
Allstate represented and made promises that support a tolling of the six-year time bar. (Doc.
#19 at 12; Doc. #35 at 6.) Indeed, Plaintiffs contend that “Allstate repeatedly promised the
[life insurance] benefit for life” and that “several hundred more retirees were verbally
informed that their benefit would be permanent.” (Doc. # 35 at 2, 6.) Lastly, Plaintiffs
attempt to tie these events together and argue that these facts support a claim for tolling
without giving specific facts. (Doc. #35 at 6, n.1.) Plaintiffs request leave to amend if the
court finds “Rule 9(b) applies and greater particularity is in order or that the present pleading
The fraud or concealment provision dictates that an ERISA claim for breach of fiduciary
duty may be commenced not later than six years after the date of discovery of such breach or
violation. See 29 U.S.C. § 1113.
falls short for some other reason.” (Doc. # 27 at 23.) Plaintiffs’ allegations fall short of the
facts necessary to determine whether the claim of fraud, and, in turn, the tolling of the time
bar, pass muster under Rule 12(b)(6). Thus, to decide whether the time bar set out in 29
U.S.C. § 1113 is tolled, it is necessary for Plaintiffs to state with particularity the
circumstances constituting Allstate’s active steps to conceal its alleged fraud contained
within the letters sent to retirees. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b).
Plaintiffs’ complaint alludes to, but does not, contain the facts necessary to determine
whether Allstate took affirmative steps to actively conceal its alleged breach of fiduciary
duty, and, therefore, whether the time bar contained in 29 U.S.C. § 1113 should be tolled.
Thus, Plaintiffs will be given leave to amend Count II to conform with this Memorandum
Opinion and Order, and Allstate’s Motion to Dismiss will be denied.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Plaintiffs are granted leave to and including
September 30, 2014, to file a Second Amended Complaint to plead Count II with
particularity. It is further ORDERED that Allstate’s Motion to Dismiss (Doc. #23) is
DENIED with leave to refile at the appropriate time, and Allstate’s Motion for Leave to File
Instanter a Response to Plaintiffs’ Notice and Suggestion of Recently Decided Case Law
(Doc. #42) is DENIED as moot.
DONE this the 23rd day of September, 2014.
/s/ W. Keith Watkins
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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