Dale v. United States of America (INMATE 3)
ORDER that Dale's 19 Motion to Amend be and is hereby DENIED as further set out in the order. Signed by Honorable Judge W. Harold Albritton, III on 4/11/2016. (dmn, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
VERONICA DENISE DALE,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Civil Action No. 2:14cv190-WHA
On March 28, 2016 (Doc. No. 19), petitioner Veronica Denise Dale (“Dale”) filed with
this court a Motion to Amend her motion to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2255.1 In her Motion to Amend, Dale seeks to assert a new claim that her counsel, Thomas M.
Goggans, rendered ineffective assistance of counsel by failing to file an appeal in her criminal
case. See Doc. No. 19 at 2. In particular, Dale asserts:
After sentencing, defense counsel Goggans refused to file notice of appeal
in the matter of Dale v United States, prompting Ms. Dale to file notice pro se,
even though Counsel Goggans was the attorney on file. Dale had no clue as to
what she was doing, but felt compelled enough to file notice, as she felt that her
rights guaranteed under the constitution were in violation. Defense Goggans [sic]
attempt at filing an Anders Brief, came a little late in the game, as he was
supposed to file immediately upon imposition of sentencing, as he was asked to
by his client. See Karjohn v. United States 2/17/16) See Roe v. Flores-Ortega,
528 U.S. [470 476-477 (2000) S.Ct. holding: “a lawyer who disregards a
defendant’s specific instruction to file a notice of appeal acts in a manner that is
professionally unreasonable.” “Counsel's error leads to the forfeiture of a
Prejudice is presumed here in this case, because even though Dale filed
pro se, she was not in the state of mind, nor was she versed in the rules and
regulations of the Court, as to the filing of an appeal, and as to how to proceed,
how to research, how to adhere to court rules. It would have been impossible.
On December 21, 2015, the Magistrate Judge entered a Recommendation that Dale’s § 2255 motion be
denied with prejudice. Doc. No. 17. Dale filed objections to that Recommendation on January 6, 2016.
Doc. No. 18. Those objections remain pending before the court.
The Court had no choice but to dismiss as moot. She, (Dale) had no idea as to
what she was doing. We are talking about a person whose drug test came back
positive, and a person who was going through some form of mental breakdown.
Doc. No. 19 at 2-3. This claim by Dale, first asserted in her instant Motion to Amend, is timebarred, because the claim was raised more than one year after her conviction became final and it
does not relate back to any claim in her timely filed § 2255 motion.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide for the relation back of amendments filed
after the running of a period of limitation in certain circumstances. Rule 15(c) of the Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure provides that “[a]n amendment of a pleading relates back to the date of
the original pleading when ... the claim or defense asserted in the amended pleading arose out of
the conduct, transaction, or occurrence set forth or attempted to be set forth in the original
pleading.” See Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(c)(2). “‘Relation back’ causes an otherwise untimely claim to
be considered timely by treating it as if it had been filed when the timely claims were filed.”
Davenport v. United States, 217 F.3d 1341, 1344 (11th Cir. 2000).
Because Dale, on direct review, did not seek certiorari review by the United States
Supreme Court, her conviction became final 90 days after the Eleventh Circuit issued its March
28, 2013, opinion affirming her convictions and sentence.2 See Close v. United States, 336 F.3d
1283, 1284-85 (11th Cir. 2003); Kaufman v. United States, 282 F.3d 1336, 1337-39 (11th Cir.
2002); Sup.Ct. R. 13(1) & (3). Thus, her conviction became final on June 26, 2013. Under 28
U.S.C. § 2255(f), Dale had until June 26, 2014, to file a § 2255 motion that was timely under §
2255’s one-year period of limitation. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(1). Dale filed her § 2255 motion
(Doc. No. 1) on March 14, 2014. Therefore, the claims in her original § 2255 motion were
United States v. Dale, No. 12-12836 & 12-12837, 514 Fed. App’x 941 (11th Cir. Mar. 28, 2013); see
Case No. 2:10cr242-MEF, Doc. No. 254 & Case No. 11cr69-MEF, Doc. No. 189.
timely raised. However, she filed the instant Motion to Amend (Doc. No. 19), containing her
new claim, on March 28, 2016 – over 21 months after § 2255(f)’s one-year deadline had expired.
New claims asserted in a motion to amend do not relate back to timely asserted claims
where they arise from conduct and occurrences separate from the conduct and occurrences
forming the basis of the timely asserted claims. See Davenport, 217 F.3d at 1346. “Congress
did not intend Rule 15(c) to be so broad as to allow an amended pleading to add an entirely new
claim based on a different set of facts.” Pruitt v. United States, 274 F.3d 1315, 1317 (11th Cir.
2001). Dale’s new claim that counsel Goggans rendered ineffective assistance by failing to file
an appeal in her case arises from conduct and occurrences separate from the conduct and
occurrences forming the basis of any of the claims in her original § 2255 motion and bears no
legal or factual relationship to those earlier claims. Thus, her new claim does not “relate back”
under Rule 15(c) and is barred from review because it is untimely under § 2255’s one-year
limitation period. See Farris v. United States, 333 F.3d 1211, 1215-16 (11th Cir. 2003); Pruitt,
274 F.3d at 1319.
Moreover, the allegations in Dale’s Motion to Amend are baseless and plainly do not
entitle her to relief. Sometime between her sentencing on May 8, 2012, and the district court’s
entry of judgment on May 22, 2012, Dale filed a pro se notice of appeal. See, e.g., Case No.
11cr69-MEF, Doc. No. 158. That notice of appeal was docketed on May 23, 2012, but Dale
represented that she signed it on May 21, 2012. In any event, Dale’s pro se notice of appeal was
treated as timely filed, and Dale’s appeal – during which she was represented by counsel
Goggans – proceeded thereupon without delay.
In early June 2012, Goggans ordered the
transcripts from Dale’s criminal case for purposes of the appeal.
See id., Doc. No. 169.
Goggans later filed an Anders brief with the Eleventh Circuit, and the Eleventh Circuit agreed
with Goggans that there were no valid issues for appeal and affirmed Dale’s convictions and
Here, Goggans was not ineffective for not filing notice of appeal when Dale filed a timely
pro se notice of appeal herself. And Dale shows no prejudice in this regard, when her appeal
was perfected based on her pro se notice of appeal and proceeded with Goggans as her counsel.
Contrary to Dale’s suggestion, her appeal was not “forfeited” and nothing filed regarding her
appeal was treated as untimely filed by this court or the appellate court.
A motion to amend may be denied on “numerous grounds, such as undue delay, undue
prejudice to the defendants, and futility of the amendment.” Maynard v. Bd. of Regents of
Universities of Fla. Dept. of Educ., 342 F.3d 1281, 1287 (11th Cir. 2003) (citations and internal
quotation marks omitted). Here, Dale’s attempt to amend her § 2255 motion is futile, because
the new claim raised in her motion to amend is time-barred and plainly without merit.
Therefore, it is
ORDERED that Dale’s Motion to Amend (Doc. No. 19) be and is hereby DENIED.
DONE, this 11th day of April, 2016.
/s/ W. Harold Albritton III
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dale’s assertion that the Eleventh Circuit dismissed her appeal as moot is incorrect. Because the
Eleventh Circuit agreed with Goggans that there were no valid issues for appeal, it affirmed Dale’s
convictions and sentence and denied as moot the United States’ motion to dismiss Dale’s appeal based on
the appeal waiver in her plea agreement.
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