Williams v. American International Group, Inc. et al
ORDER that Plaintiff's 19 Motion to Increase Depositions Allowed to the Plaintiff Under the Discovery Plan is GRANTED in part, as further set out in the order. The Motion is DENIED in all other respects. Signed by Honorable Judge Gray M. Borden on 5/2/2016. (dmn, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
FREDRICK R. WILLIAMS,
GROUP, INC., et al.,
Case No. 15-cv-554-JDW-GMB
Pending before the court is Plaintiff’s Motion to Increase the Number of
Depositions Allowed to the Plaintiff Under the Discovery Plan (Doc. 19). Defendants
have filed a joint response in opposition to that motion (Doc. 24). On the basis of the
filings, Plaintiff’s Motion is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part, as set out below.
Absent a stipulation, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30 requires leave of court for
a party to take more than ten depositions in any case. Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(a)(2)(A)(i).
Courts are cautioned, however, to grant leave only “to the extent consistent with Rule
26(b)(1) and (b)(2).” Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(a)(2).
Of primary significance here, this means
that the court must be guided by Rule 26(b)(1)’s limitation on the scope of discoverable
materials to those which are
relevant to any party’s claim or defense and proportional to the needs of the
case, considering the importance of the issues at stake in the action, the
amount in controversy, the parties’ relative access to relevant information,
the parties’ resources, the importance of the discovery in resolving the
issues, and whether the burden or expense of the proposed discovery
outweighs its likely benefit.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1) (2015).
Applying previous versions of Rule 26(b)(1), courts
have “generally held that a party seeking to exceed the presumptive number of
depositions must make a ‘particularized showing of why the discovery is necessary.’”
Bituminous Fire & Marine Ins. Corp. v. Dawson Land Dev. Co., 2003 WL 22012201, at
*1 (M.D. Fla. 2003) (quoting Daniels Midland Co. v. Aon Risk Servs., Inc., 187 F.R.D.
578, 586 (D. Minn. 1999)).
Here, there has been no particularized showing.
In fact, Plaintiff’s motion does
not even identify the individuals he seeks to depose except for noting that two are expert
witnesses for the defense. See Doc. 19 at 2; Doc. 19 at 3 (stating only that it “appears that
at least fifteen (15) depositions will be required”).
26(b)(1)’s proportionality analysis.
Plaintiff also does not address Rule
Nevertheless, the court holds that on the balance the
record before it justifies one additional deposition beyond the ten provided in Rule
30(a)(2) and the Joint Report of Parties’ Planning Meeting, Doc. 11 at 3, which will allow
Plaintiff to depose all of Defendants’ expert witnesses. See Doc. 19 at 2.1
This ruling is based in part on the court’s independent assessment of the Rule
26(b)(1) factors and in part on Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(4).
theory in this case is that Defendants “willfully and wantonly delayed” their approval of
his surgery in an attempt to coerce him to settle his claims under a workers’ compensation
insurance policy. Doc. 1-4 at 6.
In as much as they have been identified as trial
Plaintiff has conducted nine depositions to date, including one of three expert witnesses designated by Defendants.
See Doc. 19 at 2; Doc. 24 at 4–5.
witnesses by Defendants, the two un-deposed expert witnesses are certain to have
information of importance to the litigation, including the amount in controversy.
Defendants have exclusive access to their retained experts’ information absent
depositions or some other form of discovery, and the burden and expense of allowing
these two witnesses to sit for deposition does not outweigh the benefit to Plaintiff of
obtaining this information and testing the witnesses’ theories and opinions prior to trial.2
Perhaps more critically, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure specifically provide that
“[a] party may depose any person who has been identified as an expert whose opinions
may be presented at trial.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(4).
The court must effectuate this rule,
and cannot ignore the crucial role of expert witnesses in modern civil litigation.
therefore ORDERED that Plaintiff may depose both of Defendants’ designated expert
witnesses who have not been deposed, for a total of eleven depositions in this case.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion to Increase the Number of
Depositions Allowed to the Plaintiff Under the Discovery Plan (Doc. 19) is GRANTED in
part, as further set out above. The Motion is DENIED in all other respects.3
Admittedly, this conclusion requires some measure of supposition since Plaintiff has not described the expert
witnesses’ areas of anticipated testimony. The court nevertheless finds that the two experts’ depositions are
appropriate for the reasons stated herein. Defendants also offer that Plaintiff has not deposed a corporate
representative for AIG Claims, Inc. Doc. 24 at 5. However, Plaintiff makes no reference to a corporate representative
in his motion, and there is no evidence before the court that a Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(b)(6) request has even been made.
Under these circumstances, the court has insufficient information on which to conclude that the contemplated
corporate representative’s deposition would be relevant to the parties’ claims and defenses or proportional to the
case’s needs, and thus cannot make the requisite findings under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1) and 30(a)(2)(A)(i). The
parties are, of course, free to stipulate to this deposition pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(a)(2)(A).
Defendants’ joint response references the impending discovery deadline, see Doc. 24 at 6, but there is no motion
before the court requesting a continuance of pretrial or other deadlines.
DONE this 2nd day of May, 2016.
/s/ Gray M. Borden
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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