Parrish v. Davenport et al (INMATE 3)
ORDER: the 36 objection is OVERRULED, the court ADOPTS the 35 Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge, and the 1 Petition for Habeas Corpus Relief is DENIED; It is hereby ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED with prejudice. Signed by Honorable Judge W. Harold Albritton, III on 1/9/2019. (alm, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
PERRY DEMON PARRISH,
CARTER F. DAVENPORT, et al.,
)CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:16-CV-292-WHA-GMB
This case is before the court on Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (Doc. #35) and
the Petitioner’s Objection (Doc. #36).
Following an independent evaluation and de novo review of the file in this case, the court
finds the objection to be without merit and due to be overruled.
In his 28 U.S.C. § 2254 petition, Parrish raised three claims for relief: (1) he was
prejudiced by several instances of admission of prior bad acts evidence; (2) the prosecutor
engaged in misconduct (regarding the same bad act evidence); and (3) ineffective assistance of
The Magistrate Judge found in the Recommendation with regard to four of Parrish's badact evidence/prosecutorial misconduct claims, that during direct appeal the state court relied on
adequate and independent state procedural grounds to deny review of the claims. Specifically,
Parrish failed to object at trial, as required by Alabama law, and the Court of Criminal Appeals
refused to review the claims. The state procedural rule requiring timely and proper preservation
of issues for appeal was firmly established and regularly followed at the time it was applied to
Parrish. See e.g., Ex parte Malone, 12 So. 3d 60, 66 (Ala. 2008). This court agrees that the
claims are procedurally defaulted for purposes of federal review.
As to two bad-act evidence/prosecutorial misconduct claims, the Magistrate Judge
concluded that Parrish previously raised the claims under state law only, not under federal law.
He did not refer to due process protected by the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States
Constitution or any other federal right in his state proceedings. The court agrees, therefore, that
Parrish procedurally defaulted his federal claims regarding these matters.
Parrish does not attempt to show that the default of any of his alleged bad-actevidence/prosecutorial misconduct claims should be excused. Therefore, these claims are
The Magistrate Judge concluded that Parrish did preserve for review his federal claims
regarding his trial counsel’s ineffective assistance. This court agrees with the finding of the
Magistrate Judge that applying the proper measure of deference to counsel’s judgments and to
the state court’s rulings, Parrish has failed to show that the state court’s denial of his ineffective
assistance claim was an unreasonable application of federal law as determined by the United
States Supreme Court, and he failed to show that the decision was based on an unreasonable
determination of the facts in light of the evidence presented in state court. See 28 U.S.C. §
Accordingly, the objection is OVERRULED, the court ADOPTS the Recommendation of
the Magistrate Judge, and the Petition for Habeas Corpus Relief is DENIED.
It is hereby ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED with prejudice.
Done this 9th day of January, 2019.
/s/ W. Harold Albritton
W. HAROLD ALBRITTON
SENIOR UNTIED STATE DISTRICT JUDGE
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