Greer-El v. Culliver et al (INMATE2)
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS that 1 petition for habeas corpus relief be DISMISSED without prejudice to afford Petitioner an opportunity to exhaust all available state court remedies; Objections to R&R due by 6/11/2009. Signed by Honorable Susan Russ Walker on 5/28/2009. (cc, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA EASTERN DIVISION _____________________________ JEROME GREER-EL, #185 535 Petitioner, v. WARDEN CULLIVER, et al., Respondents. _____________________________ * * * * * 3:08-CV-1013-MEF (WO)
RECOMMENDATION OF THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE This cause is before the court on a petition for habeas corpus relief filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 by Jerome Greer-El, a state inmate. In the petition, Petitioner challenges the convictions for shooting into an occupied dwelling and shooting into an unoccupied vehicle entered against him by the Circuit Court for Macon County, Alabama, on April 25, 2005. In their answer filed with this court on March 27, 2009, Respondents assert that Petitioner has failed to exhaust state remedies with respect to the claims now pending before this court. Specifically, Respondents maintain that Petitioner's habeas application should be dismissed without prejudice as he has Rule 32 petition pending in the Circuit Court for Macon County, Alabama. (Doc. Nos. 14, 16.) Upon review of Respondents' answer, the court entered an order affording Petitioner an opportunity to demonstrate why his petition should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state remedies. (Doc. No. 17.) Petitioner filed a response on May 11, 2009. (Doc. No. 18.) Petitioner maintains that his claims are exhausted because he filed numerous pleadings and
documents, including mandamus petitions, in the state courts attempting to get the Circuit Court for Macon County to rule on his post-conviction petition which he filed with that court in 2007. (Id.) I. DISCUSSION The law directs that a petition for writ of habeas corpus filed by "a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court shall not be granted unless it appears that the applicant has exhausted the remedies available in the courts of the [convicting] State ..." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(1)(b)(1)(A). "An applicant shall not be deemed to have exhausted the remedies available in the courts of the State . . . if he has the right under the law of the State to raise, by any available procedure, the question presented." 28 U.S.C. § 225(c). The exhaustion doctrine set forth in section 2254 requires that the state courts be given the initial opportunity to address and, if necessary, correct alleged deprivations of federal constitutional rights in state cases. Castille v. Peoples, 489 U.S. 346, 349 (1989). The doctrine serves "to protect the state courts' role in the enforcement of federal law and prevent disruption of state judicial proceedings." Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 518 (1982). Under our federal system, the federal and state courts are equally bound to guard and protect rights secured by the Constitution. Because it would be unseemly in our dual system of government for a federal district court to upset a state court conviction without an opportunity to the state courts to correct a constitutional violation, federal courts apply the doctrine of comity, which teaches that one court should defer action on causes properly within its jurisdiction until the courts of another sovereignty with concurrent powers, and already cognizant of the litigation, have had an opportunity to pass upon the matter. Id. (brackets, internal quotation marks, and citations omitted).
It is clear from the documents and records before the court that Petitioner's postconviction petition remains pending in the state court and that the District Attorney's Office for Macon County is currently under order to respond to the petition. (See Doc. No. 14, Exhs. A-K; Doc. No. 16, Exh. A.) This court does not deem it appropriate to rule on the merits of Petitioner's claims without first requiring that he exhaust available state remedies. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(1)(b)(2). See O'Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 845 (1999) ("state prisoners must give the state courts one full opportunity to resolve any constitutional issues by invoking one complete round of the State's established appellate review process," including review by the state's court of last resort, even if review in that court is discretionary.) Moreover, it does not appear that a stay of this case is warranted pending the outcome of Petitioner's Rule 32 petition as there is nothing before this court which indicates the requisite "good cause for Petitioner' failure to exhaust his claims first in state court." Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269, 277 (2005). In light of the foregoing, the Magistrate Judge concludes that the petition for habeas corpus relief should be dismissed without prejudice so that Petitioner can pursue those state court remedies available to him. II. CONCLUSION Accordingly, it is the RECOMMENDATION of the Magistrate Judge that the petition for habeas corpus relief be DISMISSED without prejudice to afford Petitioner an opportunity to exhaust all available state court remedies. It is further
ORDERED that on or before June 11, 2009 the parties may file objections to the Recommendation. Any objections filed must specifically identify the findings in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation to which a party objects. Frivolous, conclusive or general objections will not be considered by the District Court. The parties are advised that this Recommendation is not a final order of the court and, therefore, it is not appealable. Failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and advisements in the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation shall bar the party from a de novo determination by the District Court of issues covered in the Recommendation and shall bar the party from attacking on appeal factual findings in the Recommendation accepted or adopted by the District Court except upon grounds of plain error or manifest injustice. Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404 (5th Cir. 1982). See Stein v. Reynolds Securities, Inc., 667 F.2d 33 (11th Cir. 1982). See also Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981, en banc), adopting as binding precedent all of the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the close of business on September 30, 1981. Done, this 28th day of May, 2009. /s/ Susan Russ Walker SUSAN RUSS WALKER CHIEF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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