McKeithen v. Jackson et al (INMATE2)
ORDER re 37 Answer, Written Report, and supporting evidentiary materials filed by Defendant Brown. ORDERED that on or before 8/16/2011 Plaintiff shall file a response to Defendant Brown's answer and written report as further set out in the order. Signed by Honorable Judge Terry F. Moorer on 7/26/2011. (dmn)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
ORLANDO SAMUEL MCKEITHEN,
SGT. CATHY JACKSON, et al.,
The Magistrate Judge has reviewed the answer, written report, and supporting
evidentiary materials filed by Defendant Brown and determined that Plaintiff should file a
response addressing the arguments and defenses contained in this report. In filing his
response, Plaintiff shall specifically address Defendant Brown's argument that he has failed
to exhaust his available administrative remedies as required by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a) of the
Prison Litigation Reform Act (“PLRA”).1 Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 741, 121 S.Ct.
1819, 1825 n.6 (2001) (“Congress has provided in § 1997(e)(a) that an inmate must exhaust
irrespective of the forms of relief sought and offered through administrative remedies.”);
This section provides that “[n]o action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under
section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other
correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted.” The medical
defendant asserts that Plaintiff has failed to pursue the administrative remedies available to him at the
Kilyb Correctional Facility (or any other ADOC facility) with respect to the claims presented in the
instant complaint. (Doc. No. 37, pgs. 2-4 and Brown Affidavit.) Specifically, the medical defendant
asserts that Plaintiff has never submitted a grievance with respect to the allegations presented in the
instant complaint at any ADOC facility which is required before seeking court intervention regarding his
Porter v. Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 532 (2002) (“[T]he PLRA's exhaustion requirement applies
to all inmate suits about prison life, whether they involve general circumstances or particular
episodes, and whether they allege excessive force or some other wrong.”); Woodford v. Ngo,
548 U.S. 81, 126 S.Ct. 2378, 2387 (2006) (“[T]he PLRA exhaustion requirement requires
proper exhaustion.”). “Proper exhaustion demands compliance with an agency’s deadlines
and other critical procedural rules [as a precondition to filing suit in federal court] because
no adjudicative system can function effectively without imposing some orderly structure on
the courts of its proceedings.... Construing § 1997e(a) to require proper exhaustion ... fits
with the general scheme of the PLRA, whereas [a contrary] interpretation [allowing an
inmate to bring suit in federal court once administrative remedies are no longer available]
would turn that provision into a largely useless appendage.” Id. at 2386.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that on or before August 16, 2011 Plaintiff shall file a response to
Defendant Brown’s answer and written report. If Plaintiff fails to file a response as
required by this order, the court will treat Plaintiff's failure to respond as an
abandonment of the claims set forth in the complaint and as a failure to prosecute this
action. Moreover, Plaintiff is specifically cautioned that if he fails to file a response in
compliance with the directives of this order the undersigned will recommend that this
case be dismissed for such failure. In addition, if Plaintiff fails to respond to the answer
and written report with respect to each of the claims raised in his complaint, the court
will treat this failure as an abandonment of these claims and shall proceed as justice
As indicated herein, at some time in the future the court may treat Defendant Brown’s
report and Plaintiff's response(s) as a dispositive motion and response.2 Thus, in filing a
response to Defendant Brown’s report Plaintiff should not rely only on his or her unsworn
pleadings but should respond by filing sworn affidavits,3 or other evidentiary materials
developed through discovery or other appropriate means and which set forth specific facts
demonstrating there is a genuine issue of material fact for trial in this case. Failure to file
sworn affidavits or other evidentiary materials may result in this court accepting Defendant
Brown’s evidence as the truth.4 If documents are referred to in the opposing affidavits and
have not been previously filed with the court, sworn or certified copies of those papers must
be attached to the affidavits or served with them.
The parties are hereby notified that, unless within ten (10) days from the date of this
order a party files a response in opposition which presents sufficient legal cause why such
action should not be undertaken, upon the expiration of the time for Plaintiff to file a
response as allowed by this order, the court may at any time thereafter and without further
notice to the parties (1) treat Defendant Brown’s special report and any supporting
Thus, in preparing a response to the special reports filed by Defendant Brown, Plaintiff should
refer to the requirements of Rule 56, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
An affidavit is a sworn statement in writing made under oath or on affirmation before a notary
public or other authorized officer. The affidavit must be made on personal knowledge, set forth such
facts as would be admissible in evidence, and show affirmatively that the affiant is competent to testify to
the matters stated in the affidavit.
If Plaintiff is unable to present, by affidavit, facts essential to justify his opposition to Defendant
Brown’s report, then Plaintiff must file a sworn statement as to why he or she is unable to do so.
evidentiary materials as a motion for summary judgment and (2) after considering any
response as allowed by this order, rule on the motion for summary judgment in accordance
with the law.
Failure to follow the requirements of this order about the proper way to respond to
Defendant Brown’s report may result in a recommendation of the Magistrate Judge that final
judgment be entered in favor of Defendant Brown without there being an evidentiary hearing.
Plaintiff is advised that if he asserts compliance with the medical provider’s
administrative procedures he must submit relevant evidentiary materials in support of this
assertion showing that he has complied with each step of the grievance procedure. His
mere conclusory allegation of exhaustion will be insufficient to defeat Defendant Brown’s
Done, this 26th day of July 2011.
/s/ Terry F. Moorer
TERRY F. MOORER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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