Tolbert v. United States of America (INMATE 3)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER: it is ORDERED as follows: 1. Petitioner's objections (Docs. # 55 , 56 ) are OVERRULED; 2. The Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (Doc. # 54 ) is ADOPTED; and. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 8/9/2017. (kh, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
OYANGO LANAR TOLBERT,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
CASE NO. 3:14-CV-370-WKW
On July 6, 2017, the Magistrate Judge filed a Recommendation (Doc. # 54) to
which Petitioner timely objected (Doc. # 56). 1 Petitioner’s claim is for ineffective
assistance of counsel based on his attorney’s failure to obtain a plea deal. He
therefore brings the instant motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to vacate, set aside, or
correct his sentence. Upon an independent and de novo review of the record and
Recommendation, Petitioner’s objections are due to be overruled, and the Magistrate
Judge’s Recommendation is due to be adopted.
Petitioner’s objection contends that his attorney, Ms. Connor, should have
“discuss[ed] the possibility of a plea bargain with him.” (Doc. # 56, at 4.) However,
Petitioner filed two documents after the issuance of the Recommendation (Docs. # 55,
56), both of which are docketed as “objections.” However, only the second one (Doc. # 56) objects
to the Recommendation. However, to the extent that Document Number 55 contains an objection,
it is due to be overruled.
the only case Petitioner offers for this proposition is Lafler v. Cooper, 566 U.S. 156
(2012), a Supreme Court case that affirmed the application of the Sixth Amendment
right to effective assistance of counsel during plea bargaining. From Lafler it does
not follow that Petitioner’s attorney was required to bring up the possibility of a plea
bargain with Petitioner. Indeed, given the fact that Petitioner had rejected the
suggestion of a plea deal when his previous attorney brought it up, this court agrees
with the Magistrate Judge’s assessment that “it was not professionally unreasonable
for Conner not to raise anew with Tolbert the possibility of pleading guilty or of
seeking a plea deal after she was appointed to represent him.” (Doc. # 54, at 13.)
Even if it were unreasonable, Lafler also requires Petitioner to show
that but for the ineffective advice [or lack thereof] of counsel[,] . . .
there is a reasonable probability that the plea offer would have been
presented to the court (i.e., that the defendant would have accepted the
plea and the prosecution would not have withdrawn it in light of
intervening circumstances), that the court would have accepted its
terms, and that the conviction or sentence, or both, under the offer’s
terms would have been less severe than under the judgment and
sentence that in fact were imposed.
566 U.S. at 164. Petitioner could not, and did not even attempt, to establish any of
Accordingly, it is ORDERED as follows:
Petitioner’s objections (Docs. # 55, 56) are OVERRULED;
The Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (Doc. # 54) is
Petitioner’s 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion is DENIED, and this case
DISMISSED with prejudice.
A final judgment will be entered separately.
DONE this 9th day of August, 2017.
/s/ W. Keith Watkins
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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