Heard v. Town of Camp Hill et al
ORDER: It is hereby ORDERED that Heard's 63 Amended Motion to Modify the 25 Uniform Scheduling Order is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part as further set out in the order. Due to the extension of Plaintiff's expert disclosure deadlin e, it is further ORDERED that the 25 Uniform Scheduling Order, as amended (Docs. 44 & 56 ), is modified as follows: 1. The defendants shall provide expert witness disclosures in accordance with Section 8 of the Uniform Scheduling Order on or before 10/20/2017. 2. All discovery shall be completed on or before 11/20/2017. 3. All dispositive motions and Daubert motions shall be filed on or before 12/20/2017. Signed by Honorable Judge Gray M. Borden on 9/20/2017. (dmn, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
DOUGLAS R. HEARD,
TOWN OF CAMP HILL, et al.,
CASE NO. 16-cv-856-WKW-GMB
Pending before the court is Plaintiff’s Amended Motion to Modify the Court’s
Scheduling Order (Doc. 63).
Also under consideration is Plaintiff’s Amended
Show-Cause Response (Doc. 64).
Defendants have responded in opposition to the
motion, as originally filed, and the court received oral argument on the motion, the
show-cause response, and related discovery issues on September 19, 2017. On the basis
of the filings, the applicable law, and the oral argument of the parties, it is ORDERED that
the motion to modify the scheduling order (Doc. 63) is GRANTED in part and DENIED in
I. BACKGROUND AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
This is the latest in a series of discovery motions necessitated by Plaintiff Douglas
R. Heard’s—or, more accurately, his counsel’s—failure to comply with basic discovery
obligations in a timely manner. See, e.g., Docs. 45 & 48–52. The court set forth the nature
of Heard’s allegations and the procedural history of this case in its order of August 23,
2017, and refers the parties to that order. Doc. 51.
The court previously found that Heard served deficient expert witness disclosures
on the last day allowed under the Uniform Scheduling Order. See Doc. 51. As a result, the
court sustained Defendants’ objections to these disclosures. Doc. 51 at 5–8. In so doing,
the court found that Heard’s expert disclosures did “little more than sketch out the broad
contours of the subjects about which his experts will testify,” and specifically identified
Robert Schuster, M.D. as one witness for whom Heard “ha[d] not identified a single
specific opinion.” Doc. 51 at 7. Even though his expert disclosures were already past due
and Heard offered no justification for his failure to comply with Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure 26(a)(2)(B) and (C), the court allowed Heard additional time—up to and
including August 30—to supplement his disclosures. Doc. 51 at 12. The court did so only
after finding that, “[a]lthough unjustified[,] Heard’s failure can be considered harmless
if—and only if—he timely supplements his disclosures.” Doc. 51 at 8.
Even that supplementation proved to be a challenge for Heard. In seeking an
extension of the August 30 disclosure deadline, Heard represented to the court that Dr.
Schuster was unavailable until September 1, but his expert disclosure could be completed
by September 8. Doc. 52 at 2. On the basis of this representation, the court granted
Heard’s request for an extension to September 8. Doc. 56. Because of this extension, the
court ordered a corresponding continuance of Defendants’ expert witness disclosures and
the discovery and dispositive motion deadlines. Doc. 56. Despite the extension, during
oral argument on September 19 the court learned that Heard did not supplement his expert
disclosure for Dr. Schuster even within the extended timeframe he requested.1 As her
justification for this failure, Heard’s counsel offered that she “had no control over” Dr.
Schuster, and simply “did not receive his affidavit.”
The court’s order of August 23 also required Heard to show cause as to why he
should not be prohibited from disclosing Jeffrey R. Fraser as an expert solely because his
first disclosure of this witness came on August 11, more than one month after the expert
disclosure deadline. Doc. 51 at 13.
In response, Heard’s counsel explained that she
“mistakenly presumed that Fraser’s company was a subsidiary of Dr. James Lyle, M.D.’s
office.” Doc. 64 at 1.
Counsel clarified during oral argument that the “medical records
that we received [from Dr. Lyle] were inclusive of Mr. Fraser’s records, and so we
presumed that he was in fact a part of Dr. Lyle’s operation, or his office.”
this assumption, Heard’s counsel believed that Dr. Lyle could “validate [Fraser’s]
report—it’s a part of his records.
testimony that we would need.”
[Dr. Lyle’s] testimony would then be the only
At some point, however, Heard’s counsel realized that
Fraser and Dr. Lyle do not work together, and thereafter sought an extension of the
Uniform Scheduling Order to allow Fraser’s disclosure. Doc. 63.
The court previously found that Heard’s expert disclosures for Dr. Schuster and
Fraser were inadequate under Rule 26(a)(2)(B) and (C).
Pursuant to Rule 37(c), the
Heard did serve a supplemental disclosure relating to Dr. James Lyle by September 8. Defendants
should raise any objection to this disclosure or to this witness’s expected testimony by separate motion.
The court likewise will entertain a request for attorney’s fees or other appropriate sanctions relating to
Heard’s noncompliance with Rule 26(a) only upon motion of Defendants. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(c)(1).
court found that this failure was not substantially justified but would be harmless if Heard
timely supplemented his disclosures.
This supplementation has not yet occurred, and
the court must again consider whether Rule 37(c) operates to preclude these witnesses
from offering expert testimony at trial and other proceedings in this case.
is guided by five considerations:
(1) the surprise to the party against whom the evidence would be offered;
(2) the ability of that party to cure the surprise; (3) the extent to which
allowing the evidence would disrupt the trial; (4) the importance of the
evidence; and (5) the nondisclosing party’s explanation for its failure to
disclose the evidence.
Cambridge Univ. Press v. Becker, 2010 WL 6067575, at *3 (N.D. Ga. Sept. 21, 2010)
Having heard oral argument on these factors and having received the
parties’ briefs on the same, the court again finds that Heard’s failures to comply with Rule
26(a) are not substantially justified but may be cured with timely supplementation.
In an effort to justify her chronic inability to meet discovery obligations, Heard’s
counsel has done little more than pass the buck to Dr. Schuster by offering that she had
“no control” over him.
And she fell on her own sword in admitting that the Fraser
nondisclosure was due to her own error in assessing his employment status. These are
not legitimate justifications.
hold water. 2
And the excuse for Dr. Schuster, in particular, does not
If Rule 37(c)’s safety valve applied only to substantially justified
Heard’s counsel also has not convinced the court that the fourth factor, the importance of the anticipated
expert testimony to Heard’s case, supports the court’s decision to allow an untimely disclosure. Heard’s
counsel described the significance of Dr. Schuster’s testimony to Heard’s case as follows:
Dr. Schuster is a very important witness because he was the first medical person of
contact, beyond the emergency room visit, who followed this man—and is still his
primary physician—from the point that he did in February of 2015, to refer him to Dr.
noncompliance with Rule 26(a), Heard’s counsel would have earned an exclusion for
But Rule 37(c) also allows for harmless noncompliance with Rule
Again, the extended lag time between the failures to disclose and the June 2018
trial date gives Heard an opportunity to cure his Rule 26(a) deficiencies.
For the same
reasons the court previously allowed supplemental disclosures, it does so now. See Doc.
For the reasons stated above, it is hereby ORDERED that Heard’s amended
motion to modify the scheduling order (Doc. 63) is GRANTED in part and DENIED in
The motion is GRANTED to the extent it seeks to extend Heard’s deadline for
supplementing his medical expert disclosures for both Fraser and Dr. Schuster consistent
with the court’s order of August 23, 2017 to September 25, 2017.
The motion is
DENIED in all other respects.
Due to this extension of Plaintiff’s expert disclosure deadline, it is further
ORDERED that the Uniform Scheduling Order (Doc. 25), as amended (Docs. 44 & 56),
is modified as follows:
Lyle. And certainly, we expect that the court would need that testimony to see that
connection. Dr. Lyle was not the first medical person to visit with Mr. Heard regarding
this medical injury; Dr. Schuster was. And so we do want him to serve as an expert to
show that connection, to show that what happened during his visits with him, what he did
in treating this man the way he did. Dr. Schuster used conservative methods to treat Mr.
Heard for a period of time. He put a brace on his wrist, he tried medication for pain,
several methods he used to try to get Mr. Heard back to normal—none of them worked.
Only Dr. Schuster can tell you that, Judge.
As the court noted during the hearing on September 19, this summary of Dr. Schuster’s expected
testimony casts him largely, if not exclusively, as a fact witness and calls into question whether he ought
to be subject to Rules 26(a)(2)(B) or (C) in the first place. As the court understands Fraser’s anticipated
testimony, he may be similarly situated.
The defendants shall provide expert witness disclosures in
accordance with Section 8 of the Uniform Scheduling Order on or
before October 20, 2017.
All discovery shall be completed on or before November 20, 2017.
All dispositive motions and Daubert motions shall be filed on or
before December 20, 2017.
Plaintiff and his counsel are cautioned that the court will not entertain any
additional request to extend these or other deadlines absent a showing of exceptional
All other requests will be denied summarily and without a hearing.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that the motion to modify the scheduling order (Doc.
63) is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part, as set out above. It is further ORDERED
that the Uniform Scheduling Order (Doc. 25), as amended (Docs. 44 & 56), is modified
as set out above.
DONE on the 20th day of September, 2017.
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