Pinson v. St. John et al
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION-re: R&R 44 . The court is of the opinion that the magistrate judge's report is due to be and hereby is ADOPTED and his recommendation is ACCEPTED. The court EXPRESSLY FINDS that there are no genuine issues of material fact with respect to the exhaustion defense and that the dfts are entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Signed by Judge Robert B Propst on 2/25/2013. (AVC)
2013 Feb-25 PM 12:46
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
R. ST. JOHN, et al.,
Case No. 1:10-cv-01832-RBP-HGD
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION
This is an action by a federal prisoner alleging that certain legal mail addressed
to him at FCI Talladega was opened outside his presence in violation of the proper
“legal mail process.” The plaintiff seeks nominal damages, as well as declaratory and
injunctive relief, pursuant to Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of the Fed.
Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388.1 After the defendants submitted a special report
in which they demonstrated that the plaintiff had failed to exhaust all available
administrative remedies with respect to the claims in the complaint, the magistrate
judge filed a report on January 23, 2013, recommending that the defendants’ motion
The plaintiff’s declaratory and injunctive relief claims have become moot in light of his
transfer from FCI Talladega. Wahl v. McIver, 773 F.2d 1169, 1173 (11th Cir. 1985).
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for summary judgment be granted and this action be dismissed with prejudice,
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). In their special report, the defendants had
submitted Bureau of Prisons records showing that although the plaintiff had
submitted numerous formal complaints under the BOP grievance process during the
relevant time period, “none of the complaints involve the issue in question in this
case.”2 (Doc. 42-1, p. 3. ¶ 10). The magistrate judge therefore found that “[t]here is
no indication . . . the plaintiff pursued a formal administrative remedy with respect
to the allegations alleged in the complaint here.” (Doc. 44, p. 9).
The plaintiff filed objections to the report and recommendation on February 4,
2013 (Doc. 45), along with a Motion for Supplemental Special Report and a
He alleges that he submitted a request for
administrative remedy on November 12, 2008, “challenging the BOP policy of
opening legal mail that was not marked with specific words Special Mail Open Only
in the Presence of the Inmate.” Id. at 3. He states that the complaint was assigned
Remedy ID #515839 and was appealed through all stages of the BOP grievance
process, culminating in a denial of the appeal by the Central Office on April 15, 2009.
The defendants submitted records of all grievances filed by the plaintiff during the period
from September 22, 2009, the date of the earliest letter alleged to have been opened outside the
plaintiff’s presence, to July 9, 2010, the filing date of the complaint herein.
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Id. at 3.3 Based upon these allegations, the plaintiff now contends that he is not
required to “re-exhaust” his administrative remedies “each time a violation occurs
pursuant to the same policy or practice.” (Doc. 45, p. 2). In support of this
contention, the plaintiff cites decisions from other Circuits which have held that,
under certain limited circumstances, a prisoner does not have to resubmit grievances
for ongoing issues within the same prison where the prison staff has been made aware
of and given the opportunity to resolve the issues through previously submitted
grievance forms. Id. at 2.4
The plaintiff’s argument is unpersuasive. Unlike the scenarios in the cases he
cites in his objections, this is an action based solely on certain specific events which
allegedly occurred at FCI Talladega during the finite time period from September
2009 to April 2010. These events are alleged to have occurred nearly ten months
after the initiation of the grievance, Remedy ID #515839, and approximately five
The plaintiff alleges that his copies of the administrative remedies were destroyed in a fire
on November 7, 2009. This allegation forms the basis of his motion for supplemental special report
seeking copies of the records from the defendants.
It is clear that the cases cited by the plaintiff were decided under the particular
circumstances presented there and do not stand for a blanket policy of allowing previously submitted
grievances to exhaust remedies for all similar and subsequent events. In one such case, Johnson v.
Johnson, the court plainly states: “We pause to observe that we do not here hold that a grievance
filed in response to one particular incident automatically exhausts claims that arise from future
incidents of the same general type. Thus, an inmate who claims to have been beaten by guards (or,
for that matter, not protected by guards) once one month and again the next month can rightfully be
expected to grieve both incidents.” 385 F.3d 503, 521 n. 13 (5th Cir. 2004).
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months after that grievance process was completed. More importantly, it is clear that
the plaintiff’s previous grievance was initiated and concluded at another prison other
than FCI Talladega, and therefore could not have involved (or put on notice) the
same defendants named in this action.5 Since one of the purposes of the grievance
process is to place the prison administration on notice of the problem and to give the
administration the opportunity to resolve the issue without the need for litigation, it
is axiomatic that the plaintiff cannot now claim exhaustion by referring to a grievance
process that occurred at a wholly different location and involved individuals other
than those named as defendants in the complaint herein.6 See Goebert v. Lee County,
510 F.3d 1312, 1324 (11th Cir. 2007) (“the exhaustion requirement in the PLRA
seeks to afford corrections officials time and opportunity to address complaints
internally before allowing the initiation of a federal case”) (internal quotations
omitted), quoting Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81 (2006).
In the complaint, the plaintiff states that he had been at FCI Talladega since August 2009.
He also alleges that the grievance #515839 was initiated in November of 2008 and was concluded
in April of 2009. Therefore, that grievance could not have been filed at FCI Talladega and could not
have been directed at the specific events made the basis of the claims in this action.
In fact, one of the cases cited by the plaintiff in his objections addresses this very issue.
In Howard v. Waide, the plaintiff there had suffered assault and intimidation in two separate sections
of the same prison. However, the court found that the plaintiff’s earlier grievances regarding risks
to his safety in one section of the prison were not sufficient to “put prison officials on notice” of
intimidation that occurred in another part of the prison some months later. 534 F.3d 1227, 1245
(10th Cir. 2008).
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Based upon the foregoing, and having carefully reviewed and considered
de novo all the materials in the court file, including the report and recommendation
and the objections filed by the plaintiff, the court is of the opinion that the magistrate
judge’s report is due to be and hereby is ADOPTED and his recommendation is
ACCEPTED. The court EXPRESSLY FINDS that there are no genuine issues of
material fact with respect to the exhaustion defense and that the defendants are
entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Accordingly, the defendants’ motion for
summary judgment is due to be GRANTED and this action is due to be DISMISSED
WITH PREJUDICE, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Accordingly, the plaintiff’s
Motion for Supplemental Special Report (Doc. 46) is DENIED as moot. A Final
Judgment will be entered contemporaneously herewith.
DONE this 25th day of February, 2013.
ROBERT B. PROPST
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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