Tinsley et al v. BP Corporation North America, Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Virginia Emerson Hopkins on 7/21/2015. (JLC)
2015 Jul-21 PM 02:07
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
BRIAN R. TINSLEY,
BP CORPORATION NORTH
AMERICA, INC. and BP
) Case No.: 1:15-CV-123-VEH
Introduction and Procedural History
Plaintiff Brian R. Tinsley (“Mr. Tinsley”), who is proceeding pro se, initiated
this breach of contract action on January 23, 2015. (Doc. 1). The case arises out of
Mr. Tinsley’s efforts to become a commissioned broker of petroleum products for BP
Corp. and/or BP America, which began in February 2013. (Doc. 15 at 4 ¶ 15).
The four defendants originally named in his lawsuit were BP Corporation
North America, Inc. (“BP Corp.”), BP America, Inc. (“BP America”), Craig Cerise
(“Mr. Cerise”), and Lynette Otto (“Ms. Otto”). (Doc. 15). After the court’s dismissal
order (Doc. 36) entered on June 16, 2015, in response to Defendants’ Motion To
Dismiss (Doc. 25), the two defendants that remain are BP Corp. and BP America.
Within this same June dismissal order, the court noted numerous deficiencies
with Mr. Tinsley’s complaint and required him to replead only his plausible claims
no later than July 20, 2015, or risk a dismissal of his entire case. (See Doc. 36 at 16
(“The court cautions Mr. Tinsley that the failure to replead his complaint in an
acceptable manner that comports with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure as
required by this order may result in a dismissal of his entire case with
prejudice.”)). This deadline has passed without any filing from Mr. Tinsley. Under
such circumstances and as explained more fully below, the court concludes that Mr.
Tinsley’s case against BP Corp. and BP America is due to be dismissed without
prejudice sua sponte.
As the foregoing procedural history reveals, Mr. Tinsley has neither complied
with the requirement that he replead his claims nor provided any explanation for this
non-compliance. Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, “[i]f the plaintiff fails
to prosecute or to comply with these rules or a court order, a defendant may move to
dismiss the action or any claim against it.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b).
Further, case law reinforces that, as a result of Mr. Tinsley’s failure to comply
with the repleader order or otherwise indicate an intent that he still wishes to pursue
claims against BP Corp. and BP Amercia (e.g., such as by seeking an extension of
time in which to restate his complaint), the court possesses the inherent power to
dismiss his case sua sponte. See Link v. Wabash Railroad Co., 370 U.S. 626, 630-31,
82 S. Ct. 1386, 1389, 8 L. Ed. 2d 734 (1962) (“The authority of a court to dismiss sua
sponte for lack of prosecution has generally been considered an ‘inherent power,’
governed not by rule or statute but by the control necessarily vested in courts to
manage their own affairs so as to achieve the orderly and expeditious disposition of
cases.”); see also Goforth v. Owens, 766 F.2d 1533, 1535 (11th Cir. 1985) (“The
court’s power to dismiss is an inherent aspect of its authority to enforce its orders and
insure prompt disposition of lawsuits.” (citing Link, 370 U.S. at 630-31, 82 S. Ct. at
1388-89)); cf. Gratton v. Great American Communications, 178 F.3d 1373, 1374
(11th Cir. 1999) (recognizing that court has broad authority under Rule 37 to control
discovery and enforce its orders); cf. also Fed. R. Civ. P. 1 (“[These rules] should be
construed and administered to secure the just, speedy, and inexpensive determination
of every action and proceeding.”) (emphasis added).
“While dismissal is an extraordinary remedy, dismissal upon disregard of an
order, especially where the litigant has been forewarned, generally is not an abuse of
discretion.” Moon v. Newsome, 863 F.2d 835, 837 (11th Cir. 1989) (emphasis added)
(citing State Exchange Bank v. Hartline, 693 F.2d 1350, 1352 (11th Cir. 1982)). Here,
by virtue of the court’s order requiring repleader, Mr. Tinsley was put on notice that
the court would consider dismissing his case for lack of prosecution if he failed to
timely and adequately comply (Doc. 36 at 16) and, nonetheless, he ignored that
warning and filed nothing. “[A] plaintiff who ignore[s] notices and orders of the court
[is not] excused merely because of h[is] pro se status.” Moon, 863 F.2d at 838 n.5
(citing Anthony v. Marion County General Hospital, 617 F.2d 1164, 1169 (5th Cir.
1980));1 see also Moon, 863 F.2d at 837 (“[O]nce a pro se IFP litigant is in court, he
is subject to the relevant law and rules of court, including the Federal Rules of Civil
Guided by the foregoing legal framework, the court concludes that dismissing
Mr. Tinsley’s action against BP Corp. and BP America “without prejudice” (rather
than “with prejudice”) is the most appropriate measure to take, especially as Mr.
Tinsley is representing himself. Cf. Phipps v. Blakeny, 8 F.3d 788, 790-91 (11th Cir.
1993) (“When the record clearly demonstrates that a plaintiff deliberately and
defiantly refused to comply with several court orders on discovery and tells the court
that he will not comply in the future, a district judge has the authority to deny that
plaintiff further access to the court to pursue the case.”). Simply put, a “without
prejudice” dismissal means that the merits of Mr. Tinsley’s claims against BP Corp.
In Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206, 1209 (11th Cir. 1981) (en banc), the
Eleventh Circuit adopted as binding precedent all decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down
prior to October 1, 1981.
and BP America, if any, are not barred from further litigation by such an order.
Further, a “without prejudice” dismissal is consistent with the court’s prior dismissal
of Mr. Cerise and Ms. Otto for lack of personal jurisdiction. (Doc. 36 at 14).
Therefore, Mr. Tinsley’s claims against the remaining defendants BP Corp. and
BP America are due to be dismissed without prejudice due to his failure to prosecute
as provided for under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the express
requirements of this court’s June 16, 2015, memorandum opinion and order. Further,
in the absence of any other claims pending and consistent with the court’s
unambiguous forewarning, Mr. Tinsley’s lawsuit is due to be dismissed without
prejudice as well. The court will enter a separate order in conformance with this
DONE and ORDERED this the 21st day of July, 2015.
VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS
United States District Judge
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