Williams v. Stringer Stringer and Montgomery et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING 2 MOTION for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis. The Court DISMISSES WITH PREJUDICE as a matter of law the plaintiff's causes of action relating to any federal or state crimes because criminal statutes do not create a private right of action in a private citizen to file criminal charges. The Court DISMISSES WITH PREJUDICE all claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against all defendants. The Court DISMISSES WITHOUT PREJUDICE any remaining state law cla ims against all defendants because no federal question or diversity jurisdiction exists for the Court to decide any state law claims. Based on the rulings entered herein, no defendants or claims remain in this case. CASE DISMISSED. Signed by Chief Judge Karon O Bowdre on 9/5/2017. (JLC)
2017 Sep-05 PM 03:27
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
THRESA LYNN WILLIAMS,
STRINGER, MONTGOMERY AND
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the court on plaintiff’s motion for leave to proceed in forma
pauperis. (Doc. 2). Having reviewed the plaintiff’s in forma pauperis affidavit (doc. 2), this
court finds that the plaintiff qualifies as a pauper and GRANTS plaintiff’s motion to proceed
without payment of the filing fee.
The court has an obligation to review sua sponte the merits of in forma pauperis matters.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), a court must dismiss a case at any time, notwithstanding filing
fees, if “the action or appeal is frivolous or malicious; fails to state a claim on which relief may
be granted; or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” A
frivolous claim “lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact… [and] embraces not only the
inarguable legal conclusion, but also the fanciful factual allegation.” Neitzke v. Williams, 490
U.S. 319, 325 (1989).
Although the court is required to show leniency to a pro se plaintiff’s pleadings, her
complaint is still “subject to the relevant law and rules of court, including the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure.” Moon v. Newsome, 863 F.2d 835, 837 (11th Cir. 1989). Pro se complaints must
“comply with the procedural rules that govern pleadings.” Beckwith v. Bellsouth Telecomms.
Inc., 146 Fed. Appx. 368, 371 (11th Cir. 2005). Under Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, a plaintiff must plead more “than labels and conclusions… Factual allegations must
be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly,
550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007).
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii), a court must dismiss a claim by a plaintiff
proceeding in forma pauperis if the complaint fails to state a claim on which relief may be
granted or if the complaint seek monetary relief from an immune party.
In this case, the pro se complaints consist of 13 pages of allegations against 4 defendants.
After carefully reviewing the complaint, the court ORDERS as follows:
The court DISMISSES WITH PREJUDICE as a matter of law the plaintiff’s
causes of action relating to any federal or state crimes because criminal statutes do not
create a private right of action in a private citizen to file criminal charges. See, e.g.,
Adventure Outdoors, Inc. v. Bloomberg, 552 F.3d 1290, 1303 (11th Cir.2008) (rejecting
notion that Congress authorized “a federal private right of action any time a civil plaintiff
invokes a federal criminal statute”).
The court DISMISSES WITH PREJUDICE all claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
against all defendants. Section 1983 requires that a state actor acting under color of state
law commit the conduct of which the plaintiff complains of. See
Brooks, 436 U.S. 149, 156-57 (1978). The defendants in this case are not state actors, and
thus, no federal cause of action exists under § 1983 against these defendants.
The court DISMISSES WITHOUT PREJUDICE any remaining state law claims
against all defendants because no federal question or diversity jurisdiction exists for the
court to decide any state law claims.
The court notes that the plaintiff has a parallel state action in Talladega County Circuit
Court, Williams v. Stringer, Montgomery & Montgomery, 1 CV-2016-000176.00, in which the
claimant requests relief for substantially the same state issues. Although the state court dismissed
the claims against Stringer, Stringer, & Montgomery, the claims against Margaret Key Scales
remain pending in state court.
Based on the rulings above, no defendants or claims remain in this case.
DONE and ORDERED this 5th day of September, 2017.
KARON OWEN BOWDRE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
The state case Williams v. Stringer, Montgomery & Montgomery involves the following defendants from this
federal action: Stringer, Stringer & Montgomery and Margaret Key Scales.
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