Gibson v. Federal Bureau of Investigation et al
AMENDED MEMORANDUM OPINION TO ADD MISSING TEXT IN THE LAST PARAGRAPH OF MEMORANDUM OF OPINION ENTERED ON SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 Signed by Judge William M Acker, Jr on 10/28/14. (SAC )
2014 Oct-28 AM 11:42
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
JOHNNY EARL GIBSON,
FEDERAL BUREAU OF
INVESTIGATION et al.
AMENDED MEMORANDUM OF OPINION
TO ADD MISSING TEXT IN THE LAST PARAGRAPH
OF MEMORANDUM OF OPINION ENTERED
ON SEPTEMBER 30, 2014
On September 9, 2014, the magistrate judge filed a report and recommendation,
recommending the government’s motion to dismiss be granted and this case be dismissed
pursuant to the judgment bar of the Federal Tort Claims Act (“FTCA”). In the
alternative, the magistrate judge recommended the plaintiff’s complaint be dismissed as
untimely and for failing to state a claim pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1). (Doc. 47).
On September 19, 2014, the plaintiff filed objections to the report and
recommendation.1 (Doc. 49). Therein, the plaintiff states the magistrate judge omitted
Although the objections were filed with the court on September 29, 2014,
they were signed and presumably delivered to prison officials on September 19,
2014. A pleading is deemed “filed” by an incarcerated individual on the date it is
delivered to prison authorities for mailing. Garvey v. Vaughn, 993 F.2d 776 (11
to note he is black and lives in a black neighborhood and complains there was a
typographical error pertaining to the date of the seizure of his property on page 17 of the
report. (Id. at 2- 3). These objections are noted.
Substantively, the plaintiff first objects to the dismissal of his FTCA claim. He
argues that because his FTCA claim was unexhausted, it was improperly dismissed
pursuant to the detention of goods exception and also contends the exception should not
have applied because the defendants were not acting within the discretionary scope of
their duties. (Id. at 8-11). The plaintiff further asserts because his FTCA claim should
have been dismissed as unexhausted, the FTCA’s judgment bar should not have
precluded him from bringing his claim pursuant to Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics
Agents, 403 U.S. 388 (1971).
On February 22, 2012, the previously assigned magistrate judge recommended the
plaintiff’s FTCA claim be dismissed pursuant to the detention of goods exception. (Doc.
16). The plaintiff did not object to that recommendation. (See Docs. 17 & 18). On
March 30, 2012, his FTCA claim was dismissed on that ground. (Docs. 21 & 22).
Although the court vacated its dismissal of the plaintiff’s Bivens claim, its dismissal of
Cir. 1993) (holding that the “mailbox rule” announced in Houston v. Lack, 487
U.S. 266 (1988), applies not only to notices of appeal, but also in actions pursuant
to 42 U.S.C. §1983, the Federal Tort Claims Act, and Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed.
Narcotics Agents, 403 U.S. 388 (1971)).
the plaintiff’s FTCA claim on the detention of goods exception stands. (Doc. 24).
Failure to timely file specific objections will bar any later challenge or review of the
factual findings or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge.
See 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1)(C). While the plaintiff is correct that his FTCA claim was also subject to
dismissal for failure to exhaust, he may not now challenge the propriety of the dismissal
on the alternative grounds. The plaintiff has waived this objection. It is worth noting,
however, courts have held the FTCA’s judgment bar applies to Bivens claims when the
FTCA claim is dismissed as unexhausted.2 Moreover, the court adopts the magistrate
judge’s dismissal of the Bivens claims on the alternative grounds.
Second, the plaintiff objects to the magistrate judge’s determination his claims are
time-barred.3 (Doc. 49 at 11-16). He alleges he “continually attempted to file under Rule
41(e)” for the return of his property in United States v. Gibson, No. 05-00230 (N.D. Ala.
See Sanchez v. McLain, 867 F.Supp.2d 813 (S.D.W.Va .2011)(all
judgments, including dismissals on procedural grounds, are subject to the FTCA’s
judgment bar); Freeze v. United States, 343 F.Supp.2d 477, 481 (M.D.N.C.2004)
(the FTCA’s judgment bar precluded plaintiff's Bivens claims on the same
operative facts after the court dismissed plaintiff's FTCA claims for failure to file
an administrative tort claim); Farmer v. Perrill, 275 F.3d 958, 964 (10th Cir.2001)
(holding that any FTCA judgment, regardless of its basis, “bars Bivens actions
arising out of the same subject matter because Section 2676 does not distinguish
among types of judgments”).
The plaintiff’s complaint that he was not granted discovery regarding his
claim that the 1997 search warrant was invalid (Doc. 49 at 5) is patently frivolous.
filed June 2, 2005)4 and contends the seizure of his property did not occur until the denial
of that motion or, in the alternative, when he was notified by the defendants they
possessed his property. These objections are overruled, and the court adopts the
reasoning of the report and recommendation dated September 9, 2014. (Doc. 47).
Finally, the plaintiff objects to the finding he did not adequately plead his claims.
This objection is overruled. The amended complaint in this case simply did not allege
facts from which the inference of a constitutional violation by the named defendants was
more than merely speculative. See Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007).
Thus, having carefully reviewed and considered de novo all the materials in the
court file, including the report and recommendation and the objections thereto, the court
is of the opinion the plaintiff’s objections, whether discussed specifically herein or not,
are due to be OVERRULED and the magistrate judge's report is due to be and is hereby
ADOPTED and the recommendation is ACCEPTED.
The complaint is due to be dismissed pursuant to the FTCA’s judgment bar, 28
U.S.C. § 2676, and, in the alternative, as time-barred, as it was filed outside the statute
United States v. Gibson, No. 05-00230 (N.D. Ala. filed June 2, 2005), is a
wholly unrelated criminal case in which the plaintiff pleaded guilty to possession
of a firearm by a convicted felon and was sentenced to 115 months imprisonment
following his arrest on September 26, 2000. In that case, the plaintiff filed a
motion for return of property on October 22, 2010 that he ultimately withdrew on
March 14, 2011. See id. at Docs. 23, 28.
of limitations, and for failing to adequately state a claim upon which relief can be granted
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b). A final judgment will be entered.
DONE this 28th day of October, 2014.
WILLIAM M. ACKER, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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