Wooley v. Birmingham Shuttlesworth International Airport
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Sharon Lovelace Blackburn on 9/25/2013. (KAM, )
2013 Sep-25 PM 01:28
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
WAYNE WOOLEY, SR.,
Case Number: 2:11-cv-3709-SLB
This case is before the court on defendant Birmingham Airport Authority’s
(“defendant”) Motion to Dismiss. (Doc. 9.)1 Upon consideration of the record, the
submissions of the parties, and the relevant law, the court is of the opinion that the
defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is due to be granted due to plaintiff’s failure to effectuate
service of process as ordered.
Plaintiff filed his complaint on October 21, 2011. The defendant was not served
until December 4, 2012, more than thirteen months after the complaint was filed. “If a
defendant is not served within 120 days after the complaint is filed, the court–on motion
or on its own after notice to the plaintiff–must dismiss the action without prejudice
against that defendant or order that service be made within a specified time.” Fed. R. Civ.
P. 4(m). Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(c), “The plaintiff is responsible
Reference to a document number, [“Doc. ___”], refers to the number assigned to each
document as it is filed in the court’s record.
for having the summons and complaint served within the time allowed by Rule 4(m) and
must furnish the necessary copies to the person who makes service.” On August 23,
2012, plaintiff was ordered by the court to serve the defendant “within the next thirty days
or so.” (Doc. 14 at 8.) No request was made for any additional extension of time to effect
service. Even allowing some flexibility in a reasonable interpretation of the specific
number of days in the court’s directive, plaintiff failed to comply with the court’s order by
not serving the defendant until 102 days later.
There is no evidence in the record that the plaintiff had good cause for his failure
to serve the defendant in a timely manner. Good cause “exists only when some outside
factor, such as reliance on faulty advice, rather than inadvertence or negligence,
prevented service.” Lepone-Dempsey v. Carroll Cnty. Comm’rs, 476 F.3d 1277, 1281
(11th Cir. 2007). The plaintiff’s failure to perfect serve on the defendant pursuant to the
120-day period provided by Rule 4(m) and the 30-day extension allowed by the court on
August 23, 2012, warrants dismissal of this action.2 See Anderson v. Osh Kosh B’Gosh,
255 Fed. App’x 345, 347-48 (11th Cir. 2006) (holding that a pro se plaintiff’s failure to
effectively serve the defendant within 120 days after the complaint was filed warranted
dismissal of the action without evidence of good cause).
Defendant moves to dismiss the complaint on a number of other grounds which the court
agrees would also warrant dismissal. However, because the complaint is due to be dismissed for
failure to timely serve the defendant, the court will not address the alternative grounds for
An Order in accordance with this Memorandum Opinion will be entered
Done this 25th day of September, 2013.
SHARON LOVELACE BLACKBURN
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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