Yegin v. BBVA Compass
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER: 5 , MOTION to Dismiss and Motion to Compel Arbitration, IS GRANTED. As further set out, Yegin's claims under 18 U.S.C. 1514A and 12 U.S.C. § 5567 are DISMISSED with prejudice. Moreover, the court COMPELS arbitration with respect to Yegin's remaining claims pursuant to the parties' agreement. Signed by Judge Abdul K Kallon on 02/19/13. (CVA)
2013 Feb-19 PM 02:10
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
Civil Action Number
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff Lisa Yegin brings this action for declaratory judgment, equitable
relief, and money damages against her former employer BBVA Compass
(“Compass”) for purported violations of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and
Consumer Protection Act of 2010, 12 U.S.C. § 5301 et seq. (“Dodd-Frank Act”),
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. (“Title VII”),
and § 1981 of the Civil Rights Act of 1866, 42 U.S.C. § 1981. See doc. 1.
Compass seeks to dismiss two of Yegin’s Dodd-Frank Act claims and compel
arbitration of the remaining claims. Doc. 5. The motion is fully briefed and ripe
for review. See docs. 5, 10 and 11. For the reasons stated more fully below, the
court GRANTS Compass’s motion.
I. STANDARD OF REVIEW
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2), a pleading must contain “a
short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to
relief.” “[T]he pleading standard Rule 8 announces does not require ‘detailed
factual allegations,’ but it demands more than an unadorned, the-defendantunlawfully-harmed-me accusation.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009)
(citing Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). Mere “labels and
conclusions” or “a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action” are
insufficient. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1949 (citations and internal quotation marks
omitted). “Nor does a complaint suffice if it tenders ‘naked assertion[s]’ devoid of
‘further factual enhancement.’” Id., at 1949 (citing Bell Atl. Corp., 550 U.S. at
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) permits dismissal when a
complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. “To survive a
motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as
true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at
1949 (citations and internal quotation marks omitted). A complaint states a
facially plausible claim for relief “when the plaintiff pleads factual content that
allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for
the misconduct alleged.” Id. (citation omitted). The complaint must establish
“more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully.” Id.; see also
Bell Atl. Corp., 550 U.S. at 555 (“Factual allegations must be enough to raise a
right to relief above the speculative level.”). Ultimately, this inquiry is a “contextspecific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience
and common sense.” Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1950.
II. PROCEDURAL AND FACTUAL BACKGROUND1
Compass hired Yegin as a contract employee in June 2011 and promoted
her to a full time Data Security Analyst II position in August. Doc. 1 at ¶¶ 6-7.
As an analyst, Yegin reported to Operations Manager Aleta Washington, an
African American female. Id. at ¶ 7. Soon after Compass hired Yegin, it began
investigating Washington for alleged racial discrimination against two Caucasian
employees. Id. at ¶ 8. Washington asserted that the complaints were frivolous and
sought support from Yegin by saying “I need you to back me up[,] I need you on
my team” and repeatedly asking Yegin to participate in the investigation on
Washington’s behalf. Id. at ¶9. Additionally, Washington instructed Yegin to
“When considering a motion to dismiss, all facts set forth in the plaintiff’s complaint
‘are to be accepted as true and the court limits its consideration to the pleadings and exhibits
attached thereto.’” Grossman v. Nationsbank, N.A., 225 F.3d 1228, 1231 (11th Cir. 2000)
(quoting GSW, Inc. v. Long Cnty., 999 F.2d 1508, 1510 (11th Cir. 1993)). However, legal
conclusions unsupported by factual allegations are not entitled to that assumption of truth. See
Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1950 (2009).
avoid any contact with the Caucasian employees who filed the discrimination
complaint. Id. at ¶ 10. Each time Washington approached her, Yegin informed
Washington that she “would not pick sides if interviewed” and would not lie on
Washington’s behalf. Id. at ¶ 11. Yegin also relayed this information to
Washington’s supervisor, Vice President Larry Boone. Id. In response,
Washington allegedly began picking at, counseling, and threatening to discipline
Yegin. Id. at ¶ 12. To avoid further problems with Washington, Yegin applied for
a departmental transfer in November 2011. Id. at ¶ 13. Although Compass
typically prohibits transfers of employees with less than twelve months of
employment at Compass, Yegin petitioned Boone for an exception in December
2011 and Boone agreed. Id.
A week after the transfer, Yegin informed Human Resources Partner Crystal
Berryhill that Washington was indeed discriminating against Caucasian
employees. Id. at ¶ 14. Yegin also reported that Washington referred to her as
“light brown” because Yegin was biracial and that a coworker, Cassandra Brown,
referred to Yegin as her “nigga.” Id. at ¶ 15. Yegin followed this report with a
detailed statement regarding her concerns of unequal work schedules, training
opportunities, consequences, dissemination of information and job opportunities
within the department. Id. at ¶ 16. This statement also included information
regarding what Yegin believed were possible violations of the Sarbanes-Oxley
Act. See id. at ¶¶ 17-21. Berryhill relayed Yegin’s concerns to Washington and
Boone and, in response, the three met with Yegin. Id. at ¶¶ 22-23. During the
meeting, Boone and Washington purportedly threatened to discipline Yegin “if
they found evidence of insubordination.” Id. at ¶ 24. Some time during the next
two weeks, Boone suspended Yegin with pay, purportedly due to an investigation.
Id. at ¶ 24.
During this investigation, Yegin met with Berryhill and Senior Human
Resources Vice President Jan Naccari and later with Naccari and Security Officer
Mike Whitt. Id. at ¶ 26. At the final meeting on January 6, 2012, Naccari offered
Yegin a severance package and informed Yegin that he would discharge her if she
refused the offer. Id. at ¶ 27. Yegin apparently rejected the severance because
Naccari terminated Yegin at that meeting allegedly due to “her behaviors during a
meeting on December 20, 2011 [that] caused her management to become
concerned that she posed a risk to the security of BBVA Compass’s computer
systems.” Id. at ¶ 28-29.
Presumably in response to an EEOC charge Yegin filed, White, Boone and
Washington submitted affidavits to the EEOC in support of their termination
decision. Id. at ¶ 31. These affidavits referenced an incident where an African
American Data Security Analyst inadvertently deleted part of the Compass
computer infrastructure. Id. at ¶¶ 31-32. However, Compass did not terminate
this analyst but instead transferred the analyst to a different position within the
company. Id. at ¶ 34.
In her complaint, Yegin alleges claims under Title VII, § 1981, and the
Dodd-Frank Act and its associated regulations (15 U.S.C. § 78u-6, 18 U.S.C.
1514A, and 12 U.S.C. § 5567). See doc. 1. Yegin concedes that her claims under
18 U.S.C. 1514A and 12 U.S.C. § 5567 fail as a matter of law because she did not
exhaust her administrative remedies. Doc. 10 at 8. Accordingly, Compass’s
motion to dismiss those claims is GRANTED.
Compass also contends that Yegin’s remaining claims are subject to binding
arbitration pursuant to a term in Yegin’s employment contract. Doc. 5. Yegin
counters that the arbitration agreement is unenforceable in its entirety because it
purports to require arbitration of disputes exempted under 18 U.S.C. §
1514A(e)(2).2 Doc. 10 at 1-2. In other words, although Yegin concedes that her
Dodd-Frank claim fails, she asserts nonetheless that she can rely on this Act to
invalidate the arbitration agreement she signed. Yegin supports this contention
primarily by contrasting the language of § 1514A with language from other
This provision states that “[n]o predispute arbitration agreement shall be valid or
enforceable, if the agreement requires arbitration of a dispute arising under this section.” 18
U.S.C. § 1514A(e)(2).
sections that specifically void only specific portions of the offending arbitration
agreement. Id. at 2, citing 12 U.S.C. § 5567(d)(2). However, in light of the
Federal Arbitration Act’s broad policy in favor of upholding arbitration
agreements, the court finds this contention unavailing. The court joins instead the
Fifth Circuit in holding that where a plaintiff does not have any claims arising
under the Dodd-Frank Act, invalidating an arbitration agreement in its entirety due
to its broad language is unreasonable. Holmes v. Air Liquide USA, LLC, No. 1220129, 2012 WL 5914863 at *2 (5th Cir. November 26, 2012), citing Birdwell v.
Skeen, 983 F.2d 1332, 1337 (5th Cir. 1993); cf. Gonzales v. Oregon, 546 U.S. 243,
267 (2006). In short, because Yegin’s Dodd-Frank Act claims fail as a matter of
law, “the Act does not foreclose arbitration here.” Holmes, 2012 WL 5914862 at
*2. Accordingly, Compass’s motion to compel arbitration of Yegin’s remaining
claims is GRANTED.
For the reasons stated above, Yegin’s claims under 18 U.S.C. 1514A and 12
U.S.C. § 5567 are DISMISSED with prejudice. Moreover, the court COMPELS
arbitration with respect to Yegin’s remaining claims pursuant to the parties’
DONE this 19th day of February, 2013.
ABDUL K. KALLON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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