Birmingham, City of v. Hendrix
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge R David Proctor on 10/8/2013. (AVC)
2013 Oct-08 PM 12:59
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
CITY OF BIRMINGHAM,
WILLIS H. HENDRIX,
Case No. 2:13-CV-01841-RDP
This matter is before the court on the Notice of Removal (Doc. # 1) filed by Defendant Willis
Federal courts have limited subject matter jurisdiction, and are empowered to decide only
certain types of cases. See Morrison v. Allstate Indemnity Co., 228 F.3d 1255, 1260-61 (11th Cir.
2000). Removal statutes are to be construed narrowly, and jurisdictional uncertainties are to be
resolved in favor of remand. Burns v. Windsor Ins. Co., 31 F.3d 1092, 1095 (11th Cir. 1994).
Ordinarily, federal courts are loath to articulate litigants' legal arguments for them. However,
the court is compelled to remand any action that was improperly removed. Nat'l Parks Conservation
Ass'n v. Norton, 324 F.3d 1229, 1240 (11th Cir. 2003) (explaining that federal courts have an
obligation to dismiss an action sua sponte if subject matter jurisdiction is lacking); see also Williams
v. Chatman, 510 F.3d 1290, 1293 (11th Cir.2007) (where subject matter jurisdiction is in doubt,
"[f]ederal courts are obligated to inquire into subject-matter jurisdiction sua sponte ... ."). For these
reasons, the court independently examines whether this case was properly removed.
Defendant's Notice of Removal states, in its totality, "Want Case No. CV 2013 00704 ...
Removed from Circuit Ct. Jefferson County to Fed. Court Northern Dist of Ala." The Notice states
no basis for the removal. The party seeking removal bears the burden of proving proper federal
jurisdiction. Leonard v. Enter. Rent a Car, 279 F.3d 967, 972 (11th Cir. 2002). Defendant, the
removing party, has made no showing that this court has subject matter jurisdiction.
An action filed in state court is removable to federal court where the federal court would have
federal question or diversity jurisdiction. 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a). Diversity jurisdiction exists when
the opposing parties are citizens of different states and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.
28 U.S.C. § 1332. Plaintiff is the City of Birmingham, an Alabama citizen. Defendant also appears
to be an Alabama citizen. He apparently owns property in the City of Birmingham, and was served
in Brookwood, Alabama. (Doc. # 1). Furthermore, the removal papers in no way suggest that the
requisite jurisdictional amount is at issue. (Doc. # 1). Thus, the removal papers do not establish
The presence or absence of federal question jurisdiction is governed by the "well-pleaded
complaint" rule, which provides that federal jurisdiction exists only when a federal question is
presented on the face of the plaintiff's properly pleaded complaint. See Caterpillar Inc. v. Williams,
482 U.S. 386, 392 (1987) (citing Gully v. First Nat'l Bank, 299 U.S. 109, 112–13 (1936)). No
federal question is presented by Plaintiff's Complaint. The Complaint states that it is filed pursuant
to Alabama law and asserts that Defendant is in violation of a City Ordinance. (Doc. # 1).
Therefore, no federal question is presented on the face of the Complaint.
Defendant simply has not met his burden of demonstrating that this court has subject matter
jurisdiction. Therefore, this case is due to be remanded. A separate order in accordance with this
Memorandum Opinion will be entered.
DONE and ORDERED this
day of October, 2013.
R. DAVID PROCTOR
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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