Maxwell v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM OPINION and ORDER DISMISSING the pending 1 Motion to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence WITHOUT PREJUDICE, for lack of jurisdiction. The Clerk is directed to term all pending motions within this case file and the associated criminal case and to send Kirk Vincent Maxwell the Eleventh Circuit's application form for leave to file a second or successive § 2255 motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). Signed by Judge Virginia Emerson Hopkins on 11/15/2017. (JLC)
2017 Nov-15 PM 03:45
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
KIRK VINCENT MAXWELL,
UNITED STATES OF
Case No.: 2:17-cv-8042-VEH
Kirk Vincent Maxwell (hereinafter “Maxwell” or the “defendant”) initiated
the present action on October 17, 2017, by filing a pro se motion to “VACATE,
EXPUNGE, and RELEASE” (Doc.1), which the Court treats as a motion to vacate,
set aside, or correct his conviction and sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §2255.
Maxwell’s unsigned and undated motion is predicated upon “fraud committed on
the Court by undercover agents in [2:12-CR-210-VEH-JHE].” (Id.).
The Court takes judicial notice that the pending petition is Maxwell’s
second petition brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. See Motion To Vacate, Kirk
Vincent Maxwell v. United States, 2:16-cv-8015-VEH. That motion was denied by
the undersigned on March 22, 2016. The court further takes judicial notice that
Maxwell has not demonstrated that he has permission from the Eleventh Circuit
Court of Appeals to file this successive petition.
“[A] second or successive [§ 2255] motion must be certified as provided in
section 2244 by a panel of the appropriate court of appeals.” 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h).
See also 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). Because Maxwell has previously sought
collateral relief pursuant to § 2255 which was dismissed, and he has not
demonstrated that he has obtained permission from the Eleventh Circuit to file a
second or successive motion, this Court is without jurisdiction to entertain the
instant § 2255 motion. Darby v. Hawk–Sawyer, 405 F.3d 942, 944–45 (11th
Cir.2005); Farris v. U.S., 333 F.3d 1211 (2003) (same); United States v. Harris,
546 Fed. Appx. 898, 900 (11th Cir.2013) (unpublished opinion) (“A district court
lacks the jurisdiction to hear a second or successive § 2255 motion absent
authorization from a court of appeals.”) (citations omitted).
Because this court lacks jurisdiction to entertain the instant § 2255 Petition,
this action is hereby DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE to allow Maxwell
the opportunity to seek authorization from the Eleventh Circuit to file a second or
successive § 2255 motion.
ACCORDINGLY, it is ORDERED that:
1. The pending motion to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence (Doc. 1) is
DISMISSED, without prejudice, for lack of jurisdiction.
2. The Clerk is directed to term all pending motions within this case file and
the associated criminal case, United States v. Maxwell, 2:12-cr-210-VEH-JHE.
3. The Clerk is further directed to send Maxwell the Eleventh Circuit's
application form for leave to file a second or successive § 2255 motion under 28
U.S.C. § 2244(b).
CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY DENIED
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Maxwell is not entitled to a certificate
of appealability. A prisoner seeking a motion to vacate has no absolute entitlement
to appeal a district court's denial of his motion. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1). Rather, a
district court must first issue a certificate of appealability (“COA”). Id. “A [COA]
may issue ... only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a
constitutional right.” Id. at § 2253(c)(2). To make such a showing, a petitioner
“must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court's assessment
of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong,” Tennard v. Dretke, 542 U.S. 274,
282 (2004) (quoting Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000)), or that “the
issues presented were ‘adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further.’ “
Miller–El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 335–36 (2003) (quoting Barefoot v. Estelle,
463 U.S. 880, 893 n. 4 (1983)). When a district court dismisses a federal habeas
petition on procedural grounds without reaching the underlying constitutional
claim, a COA should issue only when a petitioner shows “that jurists of reason
would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a
constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the
district court was correct in its procedural ruling.” Slack, 529 U.S. at 484. Because
the instant motion is clearly a successive § 2255 motion, Maxwell cannot make the
requisite showing in these circumstances.
DONE and ORDERED this the 15th day of November, 2017.
VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS
United States District Judge
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