Paccar Financial v. Robbins Group Intl, et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Sharon Lovelace Blackburn on 11/1/2012. (KAM, )
2012 Nov-01 PM 04:40
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
PACCAR FINANCIAL CORP.,
INTERNATIONAL, INC., JOHN
ROBBINS, RUBY ROBBINS,
CASE NO. 3:97-cv-1751-SLB
On September 26, 1997, this court issued an Order granting PACCAR Financial
Corp.’s (“PACCAR”) Motion for Default Judgment against defendants Robbins Group
International, Inc., John Robbins, and Rudy Robbins (“defendants”). (Doc. 8.)1 The
judgment entered by the court held the defendants indebted to PACCAR in the amount of
$3,043,730.34. (Id.) Also, the judgment assessed the reasonable attorneys’ fees and
expenses incurred by the plaintiff to be $16,003.13. (Id.) In total, PACCAR’s judgment
against the defendants amounted to $3,059,733.47. (Id.) This case comes back before the
court on PACCAR’s Motion to Renew Judgment, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 69(a)(1). (Doc. 24.) For the reasons set forth in this Memorandum Opinion,
PACCAR’s Motion is due to be granted in part and denied in part.
“Doc. ___” refers to the document number that the Clerk of the Court assigns to a filing
when it is made.
I. FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
On July 11, 1997, PACCAR filed a Complaint in this court alleging that the
defendants owed PACCAR $3,043,730.34 in back payments for two leases for tractors.
(Docs. 1, 8.) PACCAR executed service on the defendants on July 18, 1997. (Doc. 2.)
The defendants did not appear or otherwise answer the Complaint. Accordingly, the Clerk
of the court entered a default against the defendants on September 19, 1997, pursuant to a
Motion for Entry of Default filed by PACCAR on September 18, 1997. (Docs. 4, 6.) On
September 18, 1997, PACCAR also filed a Motion for Default Judgment against the
defendants. (Doc. 7.) This court granted that Motion on September 26, 1997, holding the
defendants indebted to PACCAR for $3,043,730.34 in outstanding lease payments and
$16,003.13 in attorneys’ fees and expenses. (Doc. 8.)
In an effort to satisfy its judgment against the defendants, PACCAR served
Suntrust Bank (“Suntrust”) with a Writ of Garnishment on August 14, 2003, pursuant to
ALA. CODE § 6-6-390 (1975). (Doc. 11.) In response to the Writ, on or about August 26,
2003, Suntrust informed PACCAR that it was indebted to the defendants but that it would
withhold funds, which were less than the amount of judgment, until Suntrust received an
order from this court directing payment. (Doc. 16.) On September 26, 2003, PACCAR
filed a motion in this court to compel Suntrust to pay funds, which this court granted on
December 8, 2003. (Doc. 16, 17.) On August 10, 2005, PACCAR filed an application for
a Writ of Execution in this court identifying two pieces of property owned by the
defendants in Lauderdale County, Alabama. (Doc. 18.) The court granted the application
and issued an Order directing the United States Marshals to sell the properties on March
15, 2006, after PACCAR filed a motion requesting the court to file such an order on
December 6, 2005. (Doc. 19, 20, 21, 22.)
On March 22, 2012, PACCAR filed a Motion to Renew Judgment. (Doc. 24.) In
its Motion, PACCAR claimed that the defendants have paid only $52,432.09 of the
$3,059,733.47 judgment. (Doc. 24 ¶ 7.) To support this claim, PACCAR attached an
affidavit from Benjamin L. McArthur, counsel for PACCAR. (Doc. 24-3.) In his
affidavit, McArthur confirmed that, to date, the defendants have failed to satisfy the
judgment and have only paid $52,432.09. (Doc. 24-3.) Also, McArthur stated that the
defendants have failed to make any payments on the post-judgment interest authorized by
ALA. CODE § 8-8-10. (Doc. 24-3.) Accordingly, in its Motion, PACCAR requests that this
court (1) enter an Order for Defendants to Show Cause Why Judgment Should Not Be
Extended and (2) enter an Order Renewing and Extending Judgment for ten years. (Doc.
A party enforces a money judgment through a writ of execution; execution
methods employed by parties must be consistent “with the practice and procedure of the
state in which the district court sits.” Peacock v. Thomas, 116 S. Ct. 862, 869 n.7 (1996);
see FED. R. CIV. P. 69(a)(1); see also Aetna Cas. & Ins. Co. v. Markarian, 114 F.3d 346,
349-350 (1st Cir. 1997) (holding that Rule 69(a)(1) does not authorize writs of execution
contrary to applicable state law). Given that this court adjudicated the case at bar,
Alabama law governs the renewal of the judgment.
An order to revive reinvests the judgment creditor “with the right to have
execution of his original judgment.” Davis Int’l, Inc. ex rel. Patel v. Berryman, 730 So.
2d 242, 244 (Ala. Civ. App. 1999) (quoting Second Nat’l Bank of Cincinnati v. Allgood,
234 Ala. 654, 656 (1937)). As such, an order to renew judgment simply works to revive
already existing rights and determinations. In Alabama, a party cannot renew a judgment
after twenty years from its entry. See ALA. CODE § 6-9-190.2 The twenty year time period
runs from the date of entry not from the date of a subsequent revivor. See Mobile Drug
Co. v. McCullough, 215 Ala. 682, 683 (1927); McLendon v. Hepburn, 876 So. 2d 479,
486 (Ala. Civ. App. 2003). Thus, ALA. CODE § 6-9-190 provides a twenty year limitation
period “after which the judgment is not revivable and therefore unenforceable at law.”
Powles v. Kandrasiewicz, 886 F. Supp. 1261, 1264 (W.D.N.C. 1995) (interpreting ALA.
CODE §§ 6-9-190, 191, 192). A presumption of satisfaction applies to a judgment if ten
years have elapsed since the judgment’s entry or since the date of the issuance of the last
execution. See ALA. CODE § 6-9-191. An order to renew a judgment allows a party to
reach the full twenty-year statutory limitation period without being cut off at ten years by
“A judgment cannot be revived after the lapse of 20 years from its entry.” ALA. CODE §
the presumption imposed by ALA. CODE § 6-9-191. The burden falls on the plaintiff to
prove that the judgment has not been satisfied. See id.
PACCAR asks this court to renew and extend its judgment against the defendants
for a period of ten years. If this court granted PACCAR’s motion in full, the judgment
against the defendants would extend beyond the twenty-year statutory limitation. Such a
motion would violate both ALA. CODE § 6-9-190 and clear case law precedent. In
Alabama, a party has twenty years to satisfy a judgment, after which time the judgment is
no longer enforceable at law. See ALA. CODE § 6-9-190; Mobile Drug Co., 215 Ala. at
683; McLendon, 876 So. 2d at 486; Powles, 886 F. Supp. at 1264. Accordingly,
PACCAR’s motion is due to be denied with regard to its request for a ten year extension.
Given that more than ten years have passed since the entry of PACCAR’s
judgment against the defendants, a presumption of satisfaction applies to the judgment.
See ALA. CODE § 6-9-191. Therefore, the burden falls on PACCAR to prove that the
judgment has not been satisfied in order to renew the judgment. See id. PACCAR has
satisfied this burden. The affidavit of McArthur, which PACCAR attached to its Motion
to Renew Judgment, clearly shows that the defendants have not satisfied the judgment.
(Doc. 24-3.) Though no Alabama case law articulates a burden of proof standard, the
Alabama Court of Civil Appeals has held testimony of a corporate president regarding the
non-satisfaction of a judgment sufficient to overcome the presumption of ALA. CODE § 69-191. See Slay v. McKean Paint & Hardware Store, Inc., 317 So. 2d 326, 328 (Ala. Civ.
App. 1975) (discussing ALA. CODE § 7-582 (1940)—precursor to ALA. CODE § 6-9-191).
As such, McArthur’s affidavit is sufficient evidence to satisfy PACCAR’s burden; thus,
its motion is due to be granted with regard to its request for a renewal of judgment.
For the reasons outlined above, PACCAR’s Motion to Renew Judgment is due to
be granted as to PACCAR’s request to renew judgment. However, as to PACCAR’s
request for an additional ten years, its Motion is due to be denied. The twenty year
limitations period for this judgment began on September 26, 1997, when the judgment
was first entered. Though PACCAR’s judgment is now renewed, the renewal in no way
extends the statutory limit of twenty years. Therefore, the judgment will be renewed
through September 26, 2017.
A separate Order in conformity with this Memorandum Opinion will be entered
DONE this 1st day of November, 2012.
SHARON LOVELACE BLACKBURN
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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