Black v. Forniss et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Abdul K Kallon on 12/12/2013. (PSM)
2013 Dec-12 AM 08:23
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
MICHAEL EUGENE BLACK,
LEON FORNISS, Warden; and THE
ATTORNEY GENERAL OF ALABAMA,
This is a petition for writ of habeas corpus brought by Michael Eugene Black (“Petitioner”)
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner challenges his 2011 state court conviction for first degree
assault and leaving the scene of an accident on eleven grounds. (Doc. # 1-1). In response to the
previously-assigned magistrate judge’s order to show cause, Respondents argue that Petitioner has
failed to exhaust his state-law remedies because (1) Petitioner’s direct appeal presented only one of
the grounds asserted in the instant petition, and (2) Petitioner has not filed a post-conviction habeas
petition in state court. (Doc. # 6 at 5-7).
Petitioner does not challenge Respondents’ contentions, and, in fact, concedes that
“[g]rounds 2 through 11 were not presented in Direct Appeal.” (Doc. # 1-1 at 11). Additionally, the
petition reveals that Petitioner has not filed a post-conviction petition for habeas corpus in state
court. (See id. at 3, 5, 7-8, 10, 12). The parties also agree that Petitioner’s conviction became final
on April 12, 2013, when the certificate of judgment issued. (Doc. # 6-3 at 1; see Doc. # 1-1 at 2).
In light of these facts, the court agrees with Respondents that the Petition is due to be dismissed
without prejudice. (See Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 510 (1982) (stating that “a district court must
dismiss” a habeas petition “containing any claims that have not been exhausted in state courts”)
(emphasis added)). Because Petitioner has not filed a post-conviction motion under Ala. R. Crim.
P. 32, and because such a motion would not be time-barred, Petitioner has not fully exhausted his
claims in state court. Id. As such, this court must dismiss the instant petition without prejudice.
An appropriate order will be entered.
DONE this 12th day of December, 2013.
ABDUL K. KALLON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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