Lane v. Central Alabama Community College et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER The court GRANTS 45 MOTION for Reconsideration re 44 Order Dismissing Case, 43 Memorandum Opinion MOTION to clarify filed by Edward R Lane; The court affirms its decision to GRANT the Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment on count I of Mr. Lane's Complaint albeit on the grounds stated in this Memorandum Opinion and Order. Signed by Judge Karon O Bowdre on 11/20/12. (SAC )
2012 Nov-20 PM 02:17
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
Edward R. Lane,
Central Alabama Community College,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter comes before the court on Plaintiff Mr. Lane's "Motion for Clarification and/
or Reconsideration" (doc. 45) of this court’s order and memorandum opinion granting summary
judgment for Defendants Dr. Franks and Central Alabama Community College (“CACC”).
(Docs. 43, 44). Mr. Lane argues that this court should reconsider its ruling that Mr. Lane's claim
under the State Employee Protection Act, Ala. Code 36-26-A-3, ("SEPA") against Dr. Franks in
his individual capacity is barred by the Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution.
(Docs. 43, 44). The court agrees with Mr. Lane that Dr. Franks is not immune from a state law
claim under the federal doctrine of qualified immunity. The court GRANTS the Motion and
reconsiders Mr. Lane's SEPA claim below. However, the court finds that Dr. Franks is entitled to
summary judgment on the SEPA claim on other grounds.
I. STANDARD OF REVIEW
A motion to alter or amend a judgment under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e)
“must demonstrate why the court should reconsider its prior decision and ‘set forth facts or law
of a strongly convincing nature to induce the court to reverse its prior decision.’” Fidelity &
Deposit of Maryland v. Am. Consertech, Inc., 2008 WL 4080270, at *1 (S.D. Ala. Aug. 28,
2008) (quoting Cover v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 148 F.R.D. 294 (M.D. Fla. 1993)). Courts have
generally recognized three grounds justifying reconsideration of an order: (1) an intervening
change in the law, (2) the availability of new evidence, and (3) the need to correct a clear error or
manifest injustice. See, e.g., Sussman v. Salem, Saxon & Nielsen, P.A., 153 F.R.D. 689, 694
(M.D. Fla. 1994). Reconsideration is an extraordinary remedy that should be employed
sparingly in the interests of finality and conservation of scarce judicial resources. Sonnier v.
Computer Programs & Systems, Inc., 168 F. Supp. 2d 1322, 1336 (S.D. Ala. 2001). In this case,
the court recognizes that it made a clear error when ruling on the Plaintiff’s SEPA claim.
II. STATEMENT OF FACTS
For purposes of this opinion, the court's findings of fact in its Memorandum Opinion
granting Summary Judgment for the Defendants controls, and the court will reference its opinion
for those facts. (Doc. 44).
On September 30, 2012, this court granted summary judgment for the Defendants on all
of Mr. Lane's claims because Central Alabama Community College ("CACC") and Dr. Franks
were immune from Mr. Lane's federal claims. (Doc. 44). It also mistakenly included Mr. Lane’s
SEPA claim in that grant of summary judgment on immunity grounds.
III. LEGAL ANALYSIS
Dr. Franks is not immune from Mr. Lane's state law SEPA claim in his individual
capacity under the doctrine of qualified immunity. Neither the court nor the parties have been
able to find any applicable Alabama case law asserting that state employees like Dr. Franks are
immune from SEPA under any doctrine. The court's ruling was a clear error of law, and therefore
the court will reconsider its ruling.
Merits of Mr. Lane’s SEPA Claim
The Alabama Code creates a cause of action for state employees wrongfully discharged
for reporting a violation of state law to a public body:
A supervisor shall not discharge, demote, transfer, or otherwise discriminate against
a state employee regarding the state employee's compensation, terms, conditions, or
privileges of employment if the state employee, reports, under oath or in the form of
an affidavit, a violation of a law, a regulation, or a rule, promulgated pursuant to the
laws of this state, or a political subdivision of this state, to a public body.
Ala. Code 36-26A-3.
The Code defines "state employee" as "a person defined as a classified employee under
Section 36-26-2." Ala. Code 26-26A-2(2). The Code specifically exempts the following
educational employees from being classified employees: "All officers and employees of the
state's institutions of higher learning, teacher-training institutions and normal schools,
educational, eleemosynary and correctional institutions which are governed and controlled by
boards of trustees or similar governing bodies and secondary agricultural schools and vocational
schools." Ala. Code 36-26-10(b)(5). The parties do not dispute that Mr. Lane was an employee
of CACC, a state institution of higher learning, when the alleged violation of the statute took
place. (Doc. 44, at 1-2). He was an exempt employee, and not a classified state employee within
the meaning of SEPA. Thus, SEPA's protections do not apply to him, and he cannot bring a valid
claim under SEPA for his termination against Dr. Franks.
Even if Mr. Lane were a classified employee protected by the statute, he did not report a
violation of state law, regulation, or rule to a public body. The Code specifically defines public
a. A state officer, employee, agency, department, division, bureau, board,
commission, council, authority, or other body in the Executive Branch of state
b. An agency, board, commission, council, member, or employee of the
Legislative Branch of state government.
c. A law enforcement agency, including the offices of the Attorney General and
district attorneys, or any member or employee of a law enforcement agency.
d. The Judicial Branch of state government and any member or employee of that
Ala. Code 26-26A-2(1) (emphasis added). The parties do not dispute that Mr. Lane testified
pursuant to a subpoena issued by the federal district court in Ms. Schmitz's federal criminal case.
(Doc. 44, at 3-4). He did not report any violation of law to a "public body" as required under
SEPA. Neither Mr. Lane's federal grand jury nor federal trial testimony is protected by SEPA,
and he cannot bring a valid claim under SEPA against Dr. Franks for his termination.
While Mr. Lane is correct that the court made an error in granting summary judgment for
Dr. Franks in his individual capacity on the SEPA claim on immunity grounds, Mr. Lane has not
shown that he is entitled to relief under SEPA. Because no genuine issue of material fact exists
and because Dr. Franks is entitled to judgment as a matter of law on Mr. Lane's SEPA claim, the
court will affirm its decision to GRANT the Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment on
count I of Mr. Lane's Complaint albeit on the grounds stated in this Memorandum Opinion and
DONE and ORDERED this 20th day of November, 2012.
KARON OWEN BOWDRE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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