Tarvin v. Social Security Administration, Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION and ORDER DISMISSING CASE the the decision of the Commissioner is AFFIRMED and costs are taxed against claimant; as more fully set out in order. Signed by Judge C Lynwood Smith, Jr on 6/22/2012. (AHI)
2012 Jun-22 PM 01:46
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner, Social Security
Case No. CV-11-S-3344-M
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Claimant, Timothy Tarvin, commenced this action on September 15, 2011,
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking judicial review of a final adverse decision of
the Commissioner, affirming the decision of the Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”),
and thereby denying his claim for a period of disability, disability insurance, and
supplemental security income benefits.
The court’s role in reviewing claims brought under the Social Security Act is
a narrow one. The scope of review is limited to determining whether there is
substantial evidence in the record as a whole to support the findings of the
Commissioner, and whether correct legal standards were applied. See Lamb v.
Bowen, 847 F.2d 698, 701 (11th Cir. 1988); Tieniber v. Heckler, 720 F.2d 1251, 1253
(11th Cir. 1983).
Claimant contends that the Commissioner’s decision is neither supported by
substantial evidence nor in accordance with applicable legal standards. Specifically,
claimant asserts that the ALJ improperly considered the opinions of claimant’s
treating physician and of the state agency medical examiner. Upon review of the
record, the court concludes that this contention is without merit.
The opinion of a treating physician “must be given substantial or considerable
weight unless ‘good cause’ is shown to the contrary.” Phillips v. Barnhart, 357 F.3d
1232, 1240-41 (11th Cir. 2004) (internal citations omitted). Good cause exists when
“(1) [the] treating physician’s opinion was not bolstered by the evidence; (2) [the]
evidence supported a contrary finding; or (3) [the] treating physician’s opinion was
conclusory or inconsistent with the doctor’s own medical records.” Id. (bracketed
alterations supplied). Additionally, the ALJ is not required to accept a conclusory
statement from a medical source, even a treating source, that a claimant is unable to
work, because the decision whether a claimant is disabled is not a medical opinion,
but is a decision “reserved to the Commissioner.” 20 C.F.R. § 416.927(e).
Dr. Raymond Fernandez, claimant’s treating cardiologist, sent a letter on
November 23, 2010, to the Food Stamp Coordinator at the Etowah County, Alabama
Department of Human Resources, stating:
The above named person is currently under my care for cardiac
evaluation/treatment. As far as my medical assessment, Mr. Tarvin is
disabled and therefore, is not able to go for job interviews. He suffers
from hypertension, hyperlipidemia, chronic angina, and CAD [coronary
artery disease] . If you have any questions, please feel free to contact
The ALJ afforded only little weight to Dr. Fernandez’s opinion “as it is not supported
by the preponderance of the evidence.”2 More specifically, the ALJ stated:
[Dr. Fernandez’s] findings are inconsistent with the overall objective
medical evidence including Dr. Fernandez’s own treatment notes. The
record does show claimant had subjective complaints of chest pain and
fatigue but objective testing showed only mild to moderate deficits.
Further, claimant only had one emergency room visits [sic] since his
heart attack for chest pain, which strongly suggests his alleged pain is
not as described. Moreover, there is no evidence of significant
limitations as to activities of daily living. . . . Further, the ultimate issue
of disability is reserved to the Commissioner (SSR 96-5p), as it is
considered an administrative finding — 20 CFR 404.1527(e) and
Thus, the ALJ adequately stated his reasons for rejecting the conclusory opinion of
claimant’s treating physician that claimant is unable to work. Furthermore, the ALJ’s
conclusions were in accordance with applicable law and supported by substantial
The ALJ also properly considered the assessment of Dr. Richard Whitney, the
state agency reviewing physician. Social Security regulations also provide that, in
considering what weight to give any medical opinion (regardless of whether it is from
a treating, non-treating, or reviewing physician), the Commissioner should evaluate:
the extent of the examining or treating relationship between the doctor and patient;
whether the doctor’s opinion can be supported by medical signs and laboratory
findings; whether the opinion is consistent with the record as a whole; the doctor’s
specialization; and other factors. See 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(d). See also Wheeler v.
Heckler, 784 F.2d 1073, 1075 (11th Cir. 1986) (“The weight afforded a physician’s
conclusory statements depends upon the extent to which they are supported by
clinical or laboratory findings and are consistent with other evidence as to claimant’s
Dr. Whitney completed a Physical Residual Functional Capacity Assessment
form on October 8, 2009. He indicated that claimant could occasionally lift and/or
carry 20 pounds, frequently lift and/or carry 10 pounds, stand and/or walk for a total
of 6 hours in an 8-hour workday, sit for a total of 6 hours in an 8-hour workday, and
engage in unlimited push and/or pulling movements. He could frequently climb
ramps and stairs, balance, stoop, and kneel, occasionally crouch and crawl, and never
climb ladders, ropes or scaffolds. He might have some difficulty hearing in noisy
environments. He could tolerate unlimited exposure to extreme heat and cold,
humidity, and vibration, but he should avoid concentrated exposure to wetness, noise,
fumes, odors, dusts, gases, and poor ventilation. He should avoid all exposure to
hazards such as machinery and unprotected heights.4 The ALJ gave considerable
weight to Dr. Whitney’s findings, because they were “consistent with the overall
objective medical evidence.”5 Indeed, the ALJ’s finding of a residual functional
capacity to perform a slightly reduced range of light work is consistent with Dr.
Claimant argues that it was improper for the ALJ to consider Dr. Whitney’s
assessment because it was made only seven months after claimant’s heart attack, and
there is more recent evidence in the file, including the opinion and records from Dr.
Fernandez. That argument is not persuasive, because it is clear that the ALJ did
consider the other medical evidence of record, and he concluded that Dr. Whitney’s
assessment was consistent with that evidence.
In summary, the ALJ properly considered all of the medical evidence of record,
including the opinions from both the treating and state agency physicians. As such,
the ALJ’s decision was based upon substantial evidence and in accordance with
applicable legal standards. Accordingly, the decision of the Commissioner is
AFFIRMED. Costs are taxed against claimant. The Clerk is directed to close this
DONE this 22nd day of June, 2012.
United States District Judge
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