Fitch v. Adesta LLC et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER denying 14 Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment on Standard of Review. Signed by Judge Virginia Emerson Hopkins on 5/18/12. (SAC )
2012 May-18 PM 02:27
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
ADESTA, LLC, and UNUM LIFE
INSURANCE COMPANY OF
) Case No.: 4:11-CV-4246-VEH
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Before the court is Plaintiff’s Motion For Summary Judgment on Standard of
Review (the “Motion”) (doc. 14), filed on February 23, 2012. The Motion is opposed
by Defendant Unum Life Insurance Company of America (“Unum”), which filed its
brief in opposition on March 15, 2012. (Doc. 16).1 Plaintiff filed her Reply on March
Plaintiff clarified in her Reply (doc. 20) that her Motion requesting the court to rule on
the standard of review pertains only to Unum, not to Defendant Adesta, LLC (“Adesta”). Thus,
any filings made by Adesta in response to the Motion before the court are moot and not necessary
for the court to consider. Further, nothing in this Memorandum Opinion and Order shall be
deemed to be applicable to Plaintiff’s claims against Adesta.
Further, all briefing and argument on the Motion expressly related to Plaintiff’s (First)
Amended Complaint. Therefore, although, at the hearing, Plaintiff was granted leave to file a
Second Amended Complaint, this Memorandum Opinion and Order applies only to Plaintiff’s
claims against Unum as set out in her (First) Amended Complaint. Specifically, this
Memorandum Opinion and Order will control only to the extent that Plaintiff raises identical
claims against Unum in her Second Amended Complaint as those she asserted in her (First)
22, 2012. (Doc. 20). For the reasons stated on the record at the motion hearing held
before the undersigned on May 17, 2012, which are summarized below, the Motion
is due to be denied.
This case involves Plaintiff’s claim for life insurance benefits on her deceased
husband. Plaintiff has filed this lawsuit against her husband’s former employer
(Adesta) as well as the insurance company (Unum) that issued a group insurance
policy to Adesta. (See generally Am. Complt., Doc. 9).
Plaintiff seeks de novo review of her claim for benefits against Unum, which
is brought under and controlled by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of
1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1001 et seq. (“ERISA”). The standard of review in ERISA cases
is dependent on whether the applicable plan document confers discretionary authority
to the entity determining benefits. Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. v. Bruch, 489 U.S.
101, 115 (1989) (“[W]e hold that a denial of benefits challenged under [29 U.S.C.]
§ 1132(a)(1)(B) is to be reviewed under a de novo standard unless the benefit plan
gives the administrator or fiduciary discretionary authority to determine eligibility for
benefits or to construe the terms of the plan.” (emphasis added)).
Here, without citation to any specific authority, Plaintiff contends that “[a]n
insurance company cannot retain discretionary authority. Discretionary authority
must be delegated.” (Doc. 14 at 1 (emphasis in original)). She further asserts,
without citation to any authority, that “[t]he Eleventh Circuit does not authorize an
insurance company or an employer to reserve discretionary authority unto itself.”
(Doc. 14 at 5). The court is aware of no authority within the Eleventh Circuit that has
adopted such a position. To the contrary, the Eleventh Circuit and district courts
within the Eleventh Circuit – including this court – have routinely applied the
arbitrary and capricious standard of review framework to cases such as this one,
where the entity determining benefits and coverage under an ERISA plan has been
expressly delegated the authority to do so under the terms of the plan document.2
In fact, in a recent case before the undersigned involving the same argument
raised by the same plaintiff’s counsel, the court explained in depth its reasoning for
rejecting the plaintiff’s argument. The relevant portion of the court’s analysis in that
case is as follows:
[Plaintiff] acknowledges that the terms of the Plan “include
discretionary authority language and a named administrator.” (Doc. 13
at 2). However, she contends that because “[n]o entity granted
discretionary authority to Standard[, the insurance company that
administered benefits,]” the de novo standard of review should apply
instead of the arbitrary and capricious standard. (Doc. 13 at 7). The court
The court notes that, in this case, Plaintiff does not contest the language of the relevant
plan document, which is a group policy that expressly confers authority to Unum to “provide
benefits” under the plan. (See Doc. 16-2 at 3). Further, at the motion hearing before the court on
May 17, 2012, counsel for all parties represented their agreement that Unum serves as a fiduciary
under the relevant plan, that Adesta is the Plan Administrator, and that Adesta delegated some of
its ERISA duties – such as coverage issues, benefits determination, and payment of claims – to
disagrees. The terms of the Plan are clear and unambiguous, expressly
allocating to Standard the authority to make benefits determinations and
construe the terms of the Plan. Like other similar cases in the Eleventh
Circuit, the court finds that these terms are sufficient to vest Standard
with discretion and thus trigger the arbitrary and capricious standard.
See, e.g., Lee v. BellSouth Telecomm., Inc., 318 Fed. App'x 829, 836 n.
1 (11th Cir. 2009) (recognizing similar language as granting plan
administrator discretionary authority to determine benefits eligibility);
Guy v. Se. Iron Workers' Welfare Fund, 877 F.2d 37, 39 (11th Cir. 1989)
(same). Even more on point, two district court opinions from the Ninth
Circuit (that [Plaintiff] cites elsewhere as persuasive authority) applied
the arbitrary and capricious standard to their review of ERISA plans
issued by Standard that contain similar, if not identical, language
concerning allocation of authority: Oster v. Standard Ins. Co., 759 F.
Supp. 2d 1172, 1176, 1185 (N.D. Cal. 2011); Sacks v. Standard Ins. Co.,
671 F. Supp. 2d 1148, 1151–52, 1165 (C.D. Cal. 2009).
Moreover, [Plaintiff]’s attorney has previously unsuccessfully
attempted to raise similar arguments advocating the de novo standard of
review before this court. The court finds that this case is analogous to a
recent ERISA case in which this court evaluated similar plan
language—and similar arguments from the same plaintiff's
counsel—and determined that the terms of the plan unambiguously
conferred discretion to the plan administrator. See McCay v. Drummond
Co., Case No. 2:08–CV–1978–VEH, 2011 WL 5438950, at *15 (N.D.
Ala. Nov. 10, 2011). Similarly, Mr. Allenstein’s argument “that an
insurance company cannot retain discretionary authority” has been made
and rejected before other judges in this district. See, e.g., Ray v. Sun Life
& Health Ins. Co., 752 F. Supp. 2d 1229, 1231–32 (N.D. Ala. 2010)
(Bowdre, J.), affirmed by 443 Fed. App'x 529 (11th Cir. 2011).
Finally, [Plaintiff]’s attorney’s argument that the de novo standard
of review must apply where an ERISA benefits provider vests discretion
in itself contradicts binding Eleventh Circuit authority. Specifically, in
Blankenship, the Eleventh Circuit applied the arbitrary and capricious
standard where “Defendant MetLife serve[d] as both the Plan's
administrator of claims and also the payor of benefits” and “[t]he Plan
vest[ed] MetLife with discretionary authority to interpret the Plan's
terms and to determine whether a claimant is disabled under the Plan.”
644 F.3d at 1352–53, 1356 n. 7. The material facts are no different here.
Therefore, consistent with the Eleventh Circuit's approach in
Blankenship and the other cases cited above, the court agrees with
Standard that the arbitrary and capricious standard applies . . . .
Harvey v. Standard Ins. Co., 4:10-CV-3230-VEH, 2012 WL 1035428 (N.D. Ala.
Mar. 29, 2012) (footnote omitted).
Consistent with the court’s reasoning in Harvey, the court rejects Mr.
Allenstein’s similar and unsupported argument in this case that an insurance company
cannot retain discretionary authority. Therefore, his request for application of the de
novo standard of review is due to be denied. The court will apply the appropriate
arbitrary and capricious standard of review at summary judgment.
Accordingly, the Motion is due to be, and is, hereby, DENIED.
DONE and ORDERED this the 18th day of May, 2012.
VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS
United States District Judge
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