Nelson v. Social Security Administration, Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION Signed by Chief Judge Karon O Bowdre on 2/12/15. (SAC )
2015 Feb-12 AM 09:20
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Commissioner of Social Security
CIVIL ACTION NO. 4:13-cv-1176-KOB
This matter comes before the court on the magistrate judge’s report and recommendation
filed January 15, 2015, recommending that the court affirm the ALJ’s decision denying the
claimant’s Title II application for a period of disability and disability insurance benefits. (R. 16).
In her report, the magistrate judge also recommended that the court deny the claimant’s motion to
remand (doc 12). On January 29, 2015, the claimant filed objections to the magistrate judge’s
report, specifically quoting the magistrate judge’s statements from her report to which the
claimant specifically objects. (Doc. 17 at 2-3).
After carefully reviewing de novo the magistrate judge’s report and recommendation,
evaluating the claimant’s objections to the report and recommendation, and evaluating the entire
record in this case to determine if the ALJ applied the proper legal standards and whether
substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s decision , the court ADOPTS the magistrate judge’s
report and ACCEPTS her recommendations to both deny the claimant’s motion to remand and
affirm the ALJ’s decision denying disability benefits.
In her objections to the magistrate judge’s finding that the Appeals Council did not err in
considering the evidence presented to it, the claimant refers to submissions to the Appeals
Council that “describe physical and psychological symptoms manifested by Howard that, due to
their nature and severity, could bear on her condition during the relevant period between 7/1/05
the alleged onset date [sic] 3/11/11 and 1/25/13, the date of the decision.” (Doc. 17 at 5).
However, the claimant’s name in this appeal is not “Howard” and the dates cited in her
objections are not the dates contained in the appeal record. The court is unclear where this name
and these dates come from. The magistrate judge and the ALJ correctly cited the alleged onset
date in this case as October 1, 2006, and the date of the ALJ’s decision as March 15, 2012.
The court agrees with the magistrate judge’s finding in her report and recommendation
that the Appeals Council adequately reviewed the claimant’s “new evidence”; that most of the
“new evidence” related to a period of time not relevant to the time period considered by the ALJ;
that none of the “new evidence” reveals that the claimant’s condition during the time frame
considered by the ALJ was as severe as the later medical records indicate; and that no reasonable
possibility exists that consideration of the new evidence would have changed the administrative
result. In contrast to the claimant’s assertion, the court finds that the Appeals Council did give
“some” rationale for its decision, including that the medical records from July 2012 were for a
time period after the date the claimant was last insured for disability benefits, and thus, would
not have affected the ALJ’s decision. (See Doc. 6-3 at 3). Therefore, the court OVERRULES all
of the claimant’s objections relating to magistrate judge’s finding that the court should not
remand under sentence four.
Furthermore, the claimant argues that this court should remand this action based on the
Social Security’s subsequent notice of award of disability benefits to the claimant dated August
30, 2013. The court finds that the subsequent favorable decision granting disability benefits to
the claimant is not material to the claimant’s application involved in this appeal, as the favorable
decision came seventeen months after the ALJ’s denial of the claimant’s Title II application
subject to this appeal. (See Doc. 12-8). Despite the claimant’s argument to the contrary, Carroll
v. Social Sec. Admin., 453 F. App’x 889 (11 th Cir. 2011), although an unpublished opinion, is
not distinguishable. In Carroll, the Eleventh Circuit found that the subsequent award of benefits
was not material to the appeal of the previous denial because of the amount of time between the
decisions—eighteen months. In the present case, the time between the ALJ’s denial of benefits
on March 15, 2012 and the subsequent notice of award on August 30, 2013 was seventeen
months—only one month less than the time period in Carroll. The claimant would have the
court apply a Ninth Circuit case, Luna v. Astrue, 623 F.3d 1032 (9 th Cir. 2010), where the time
difference was only one day; not only is that case from a different circuit, but the time difference
in Luna certainly is distinguishable from the seventeen month time difference between decisions
in the present case. The court finds that this subsequent decision granting disability benefits
shows that the claimant’s conditioned worsened during those seventeen months—not that the
claimant’s condition was worse than the ALJ found it to be at the time of his decision in March
2012. The court is unpersuaded by the claimant’s objection on this issue and OVERRULES it.
Regarding the claimant’s objection to the magistrate judge’s finding that the ALJ did not
fail to adequately develop the record, the court OVERRULES the claimant’s objections and finds
that the magistrate judge correctly examined this issue; determined that the ALJ met his burden
to develop a full and fair record; and found that the claimant had shown no prejudice from the
ALJ’s failure to obtain records concerning a time period after the expiration of the claimant’s
insured status on June 30, 2011.
The court OVERRULES any remaining objections that simply re-argue the same points
rejected by the magistrate judge. The court finds that the ALJ applied the proper legal standards
and that substantial evidence supports his decision in this case. Thus, the court finds that his
decision is due to be affirmed.
The court will enter an Order in conformity with this Memorandum Opinion.
DONE and ORDERED this 12th day of February, 2015.
KARON OWEN BOWDRE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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