Holland v. Social Security Administration, Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION ADOPTING and ACCEPTING the Magistrate Judge's 17 Report and Recommendation. Signed by Judge Virginia Emerson Hopkins on 3/18/2015. (JLC)
2015 Mar-18 PM 01:37
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting
Commissioner, Social Security
) Case No.: 4:14-CV-194-VEH
Plaintiff Patricia Holland (“Holland”) initiated this social security appeal on
February 23, 2014. (Doc. 1). Magistrate Judge John England filed a report and
recommendation (“R&R”) on January 13, 2015, recommending that the
Commissioner’s decision be affirmed. (Doc. 17). No objections were filed by January
27, 2015, the deadline set in the magistrate’s recommendation in accord with 28
U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C) and Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2). (See Doc. 17 at 20-21). However,
on January 28, 2015, Holland filed objections (Doc. 19) along with a motion1 for
additional time to file objections. (Doc. 18).
Holland’s motion for additional time failed to provide adequate reasons to extend the
deadline, and so is due to be DENIED on that ground. Alternatively, because, as discussed
below, her objections fail to provide any reason to alter or reject the magistrate’s R&R, her
motion for additional time is termed MOOT.
The case was randomly reassigned to the undersigned judge on January 29,
2015. The Commissioner responded to Holland’s objections on February 9, 2015.
(Doc. 21). Holland then filed a reply brief on February 13, 2015. (Doc. 22). The
matter, therefore, is now under submission, and for the reasons explained below, the
court OVERRULES Holland’s objections, and ACCEPTS the R&R in its entirety.
Consequently, the Commissioner’s decision is due to be AFFIRMED.
Social Security Appeals
The court’s review of the Commissioner’s decision is narrowly circumscribed.
The function of this court is to determine whether the decision of the Commissioner
is supported by substantial evidence and whether proper legal standards were applied.
Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 390 (1971); Wilson v. Barnhart, 284 F.3d 1219,
1221 (11th Cir. 2002). This court must “scrutinize the record as a whole to determine
if the decision reached is reasonable and supported by substantial evidence.”
Bloodsworth v. Heckler, 703 F.2d 1233, 1239 (11th Cir. 1983). This court will
determine that the ALJ’s opinion is supported by substantial evidence if it finds “such
relevant evidence as a reasonable person would accept as adequate to support a
conclusion.” Id. Substantial evidence is “more than a scintilla, but less than a
preponderance.” Id. Factual findings that are supported by substantial evidence must
be upheld by the court. The ALJ’s legal conclusions, however, are reviewed de novo,
because no presumption of validity attaches to the ALJ’s determination of the proper
legal standards to be applied. Davis v. Shalala, 985 F.2d 528, 531 (11th Cir. 1993).
If the court finds an error in the ALJ’s application of the law, or if the ALJ fails to
provide the court with sufficient reasoning for determining that the proper legal
analysis has been conducted, the ALJ’s decision must be reversed. Cornelius v.
Sullivan, 936 F. 2d 1143, 1145-46 (11th Cir. 1991).
District Court Review of Report and Recommendation
After conducting a “careful and complete” review of the findings and
recommendations, a district judge may accept, reject, or modify the magistrate judge’s
report and recommendation. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) (“A judge of the court may
accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made
by the magistrate judge.”); Williams v. Wainwright, 681 F.2d 732 (11th Cir. 1982)
(quoting Nettles v. Wainwright, 677 F.2d 404, 408 (5th Cir. 1982), overruled on other
grounds by Douglass v. United Services Auto. Ass’n, 79 F.3d 1415 (5th Cir. 1996)).2
The district judge may also receive further evidence or recommit the matter to the
The Eleventh Circuit has adopted as binding precedent all Fifth Circuit decisions issued
before October 1, 1981, as well as all decisions issued after that date by a Unit B panel of the
former Fifth Circuit. Stein v. Reynolds Sec., Inc., 667 F.2d 33, 34 (11th Cir. 1982); see also
United States v. Schultz, 565 F.3d 1353, 1361 n.4 (11th Cir. 2009) (discussing the continuing
validity of Nettles).
magistrate judge with instructions. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
A district judge “shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the
report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is
made.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This requires that the district judge “give fresh
consideration to those issues to which specific objection has been made by a party.”
Jeffrey S. v. State Bd. of Educ., 896 F.2d 507, 512 (11th Cir. 1990) (citing H.R. Rep.
No. 94-1609, 94th Cong., 2d Sess., reprinted in 1976 U.S. Code Cong. & Admin.
News 6162, 6163). In contrast, those portions of the R&R to which no objection is
made need only be reviewed for clear error. Macort v. Prem, Inc., 208 F. App’x 781,
784 (11th Cir. 2006).3
“Neither the Constitution nor the statute requires a district judge to review, de
novo, findings and recommendations that the parties themselves accept as correct.”
United States v. Woodard, 387 F.3d 1329, 1334 (11th Cir. 2004) (internal quotation
marks omitted) (quoting United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir.
Macort dealt only with the standard of review to be applied to a magistrate’s factual
findings, but the Supreme Court has held that there is no reason for the district court to apply a
different standard to a magistrate’s legal conclusions. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150, 106 S.
Ct. 466, 88 L. Ed. 2d 435 (1985). Thus, district courts in this circuit have routinely applied a
clear-error standard to both. See Tauber v. Barnhart, 438 F. Supp. 2d 1366, 1373-74 (N.D. Ga.
2006) (collecting cases). This is to be contrasted with the standard of review on appeal, which
distinguishes between the two. See Monroe v. Thigpen, 932 F.2d 1437, 1440 (11th Cir. 1991)
(when a magistrate’s findings of fact are adopted by the district court without objection, they are
reviewed on appeal under a plain-error standard, but questions of law remain subject to de novo
2003)). It is incumbent upon the parties to timely raise any objections that they may
have regarding a magistrate judge’s findings contained in a report and
recommendation, as the failure to do so subsequently waives or abandons the issue,
even if such matter was presented at the magistrate judge level. See, e.g., United States
v. Pilati, 627 F.3d 1360 at 1365 (11th Cir. 2010) (“While Pilati raised the issue of not
being convicted of a qualifying offense before the magistrate judge, he did not raise
this issue in his appeal to the district court. Thus, this argument has been waived or
abandoned by his failure to raise it on appeal to the district court.”). However, the
district judge has discretion to consider or to decline to consider arguments that were
not raised before the magistrate judge. Stephens v. Tolbert, 471 F.3d 1173, 1176 (11th
Cir. 2006); see also Williams v. McNeil, 557 F.3d 1287, 1292 (11th Cir. 2009) (“Thus,
we answer the question left open in Stephens and hold that a district court has
discretion to decline to consider a party’s argument when that argument was not first
presented to the magistrate judge.”).
“Parties filing objections must specifically identify those findings objected to.
Frivolous, conclusive or general objections need not be considered by the district
court.” Nettles, 677 F.2d at 410 n.8. “This rule facilitates the opportunity for district
judges to spend more time on matters actually contested and produces a result
compatible with the purposes of the Magistrates Act.” Id. at 410. Indeed, a contrary
rule “would effectively nullify the magistrate judge’s consideration of the matter and
would not help to relieve the workload of the district court.” Williams, 557 F.3d at
1292 (internal quotation marks omitted) (quoting United States v. Howell, 231 F.3d
615, 622 (9th Cir. 2000)).
Holland asserts four objections to the magistrate’s R&R:
The Denial Was Not Based on Substantial Evidence
The ALJ Substituted His Opinion for the Opinions of Dr. Go, Dr.
Wilson, Dr. Prince and Dave Harvey, L.C.S.W.
The Finding that Claimant Could Perform Past Work Was Not Based on
Substantial Evidence and the ALJ Utilized the Wrong Standard
Claimant Meets Listing 12.04 and 12.06
(Doc. 19 at 2). However, each of these arguments is simply copied verbatim from her
brief in support of disability (Doc. 10), filed before the magistrate’s R&R was issued.4
The only way in which Holland addresses specific findings of the R&R is to state
“Plaintiff objects to the following statements in the Recommendation...” followed by
several excerpts from the R&R. (Doc. 19 at 2).
A party objecting to an R&R may not simply restate the arguments previously
Compare Sec. 1 of Holland’s Objections (Doc. 19 at 4) with (Doc. 10 at 12, 17-18); Sec.
2 of Holland’s Objections (Doc. 19 at 4-5) with (Doc. 10 at 18, 21); Sec. 3 of Holland’s
Objections (Doc. 19 at 5) with (Doc. 10 at 23); Sec. 4 of Holland’s Objections (Doc. 19 at 5-8)
with (Doc. 10 at 26, 31-32).
A general objection, or one that merely restates the arguments previously
presented[,] is not sufficient to alert the court to alleged errors on the part
of the magistrate judge. An “objection” that does nothing more than state
a disagreement with a magistrate's suggested resolution, or simply
summarizes what has been presented before, is not an “objection” as that
term is used in this context. A party who files timely objections to a
magistrate's report in order to preserve the right to appeal must be
mindful of the purpose of such objections: to provide the district court
“with the opportunity to consider the specific contentions of the parties
and to correct any errors immediately.” [U.S. v.] Walters, 638 F.2d 
at 949–50 [(6th Cir. 1981)]. The Supreme Court upheld this rule in
Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 106 S.Ct. 466, 88 L.Ed.2d 435 (1985), a
habeas corpus case. The Supreme Court noted that “[t]he filing of
objections to a magistrate's report enables the district judge to focus
attention on those issues-factual and legal-that are at the heart of the
parties' dispute.” Id. at 147, 106 S.Ct. 466 (footnote omitted).
VanDiver v. Martin, 304 F. Supp. 2d 934, 937-938 (E.D. Mich. 2004) (emphasis
added). Because Holland does not respond to any findings of the R&R in her
“Objection to Report and Recommendation” — she merely quotes sections of the
R&R, states that she objects to them, and then copies verbatim sections of her
previous brief — none of her arguments meet the standard for objections. (See Doc.
Furthermore, none of her four objections even contain a developed argument.
The first objection — that the ALJ’s denial was not based on substantial evidence —
simply quotes Holland’s previous brief’s (inaccurate5) summary of the ALJ’s
credibility determinations, cites two Eleventh Circuit cases dealing with vocational
expert testimony, and makes the conclusory assertion that the vocational expert
testimony is contrary to the evidence. (Doc. 19 at 4). Her second objection is similar.
Holland cites the general legal standard for assigning weight to a treating physician’s
opinion, conclusorily asserts that the ALJ did not have adequate reasons for his
determinations, and then repeats her previous brief’s meager descriptions of the ALJ’s
determinations. (Id. at 4-5). In neither of these first two objections does Holland make
any effort to apply the law to the facts of her case to explain why she believes the
ALJ’s findings were in error.
The third and fourth objections are even less developed. Holland’s third
objection simply summarizes holdings from several Eleventh Circuit cases, and does
not mention any facts from her own case. (Doc. 19 at 5). Conversely, her fourth
objection merely reproduces portions of her medical history. (Id. at 6-8). In neither of
these objections does she make even a single reference to the ALJ’s findings or the
R&R. Therefore, not only do her objections fail to respond to the R&R, as required
Holland says that the ALJ “discounted all of Claimant’s evidence.” (Doc. 19 at 4).
However, the ALJ expressly accorded significant weight to the “treatment notes, clinical
findings and diagnostic tests” from all but one of Holland’s treating physicians, as well as
opinions from two consultative examiners and the state agency mental health consultant. (Tr.
by law, they also fail to develop any argument at all.
Having carefully reviewed and considered de novo all the materials in the court
file, including the report and recommendation, the Court is of the opinion that the
magistrate judge's report is due to be and is hereby ADOPTED and his
recommendation is ACCEPTED. The Court EXPRESSLY FINDS that there is
substantial evidence for the Commissioner’s decision and that the decision applied the
proper legal standards. Accordingly, the Commissioner’s decision is due to be
AFFIRMED. A final judgment will be entered separately.
DONE and ORDERED this the 18th day of March, 2015.
VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS
United States District Judge
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