Sergio v. Holder et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION Signed by Chief Judge Karon O Bowdre on 3/20/15. (SAC )
2015 Mar-20 AM 11:56
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
REYES ALVAREZ SERGIO,
ERIC H. HOLDER, JR. et al.,
The petitioner1 has filed an “Emergency Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus to be
Immediate[ly] Release[d] from ICE on Bond Under Casas-Castrillion and Rodriquez v.
Robbins.” (Doc. 1).2 The respondents have filed a response to the petition. (Doc. 9). They
allege, inter alia, that it is due to be dismissed because it is moot or premature. The court agrees
that the petition is due to be dismissed.
The petitioner was admitted to the United States as a lawful permanent resident in 2004.
(Ex. 1).3 On April 16, 2012, he was convicted in the California Superior Court of the offense of
Lewd and Lascivious Act With A Child. He was sentenced to nine months in jail and probation
to follow. (Id. at ¶ 3). On July 19, 2012, Immigration Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) served the
The petitioner captioned this action using the name Reyes Alvarez Sergio. (Doc. 1 at 1). However, he
signed the petition Sergio Reyes-Alvarez. (Id. at 17). His supporting documents also refer to him as Sergio ReyesAlvarez.
References herein to “Doc. ___” are to the electronic file numbers located at the top of each document in the court’s
file. The page numbers are references to the page numbers assigned by the electronic filing system and located at the top of each
References herein to “Ex. ___” are to the exhibits submitted by the respondents and located at document 6 in the
court’s file unless noted elsewhere.
petitioner with a Notice to Appear informing him that he was subject to removal from the United
States. He was taken into ICE custody. (Id. at ¶ 4).
An Immigration Judge (“IJ”) ordered the petitioner to be removed to Mexico. (Id.) On
May 20, 2013, the petitioner appealed the decision to the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”).
(Id. at ¶ 5). On October 4, 2013, the petitioner appealed the dismissal of his BIA appeal to the
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, and moved to stay his removal. (Id.) Under Ninth Circuit
General Order 6.4(c)(1), the petitioner’s motion automatically stayed his removal. His appeal
before the Ninth Circuit is still pending final decision.
In December 2013, ICE conducted a post-removal order custody review of the
petitioner’s situation and issued a “Decision to Continue Detention” letter. (Id. at ¶ 6). On
January 6, 2014, the petitioner requested a bond hearing before the IJ in Eloy, Arizona under
Casas-Castrillion v. DHS, 535 F.3d 942 (9th Cir. 2008). (Id. at ¶ 7). The IJ denied the request
for a hearing because of a lack of jurisdiction. (Id.) The petitioner subsequently requested
another bond hearing in Oakdale, Louisiana, which was also denied for lack of jurisdiction. (Id.)
On May 16, 2014, while incarcerated in ICE custody in Etowah County, Alabama, the
petitioner filed the present petition with this court, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. (Doc. 1). He is
presently incarcerated in ICE custody in Eloy Arizona. He seeks a bond redetermination hearing
under Casas-Castrillion and Rodriguez v. Robbins, 715 F.3d 1127 (9th Cir. 2013). The court
required the respondents to appear and show cause why the requested relief should not be
granted. (Doc. 5). On July 11, 2014, the court granted the respondents’ motion to hold the case
in abeyance to allow for a Casas bond hearing pursuant to Ninth Circuit precedent. (Docket
Entry dated July 7, 2014).
The petitioner received his Casas bond hearing before the Eloy Immigration Court on
August 12, 2014. (Doc. 9, Ex. 1). The IJ denied the petitioner’s request for bond, finding him to
be a danger to the community. (Id. at ¶ 6). The respondents filed a motion to dismiss the present
petition as moot and/or because any claim under 8 U.S.C. § 1231 or Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S.
678 (2001), is premature. (Doc. 9 at 4-9). The petitioner has been afforded an opportunity to
respond to the motion to dismiss, but he has not filed a response. (Doc. 10).
Article III of the Constitution limits the jurisdiction of federal courts to the consideration
of “cases or controversies.” U.S. Const. art. III, § 2. The doctrine of mootness is derived from
this limitation because “an action that is moot cannot be characterized as an active case or
controversy.” Adler v. Duval Cnty. Sch. Bd., 112 F.3d 1475, 1477 (11th Cir.1997). A case is
moot and must be dismissed if the court can no longer provide “meaningful relief.” Nyaga v.
Ashcroft, 323 F.3d 906, 913 (11th Cir. 2003) (citations omitted). Because the petitioner has been
provided a bond hearing, his petition is moot unless an exception to the mootness doctrine
The mootness doctrine carries two exceptions: (1) collateral consequences and (2)
“capable of repetition yet evading review.” Carafas v. La Vallee, 391 U.S. 234, 237 (1968);
Murphy v. Hunt, 455 U.S. 478, 482 (1982). Neither exception applies in this instance. The
collateral consequences exception does not apply because no “disabilities or burdens . . . may
flow” from the custody that the petitioner challenges. See Carafas, 391 U.S. at 237. The
exception for events “capable of repetition, yet evading review” does not apply here either. The
petitioner has received the hearing he requested and to which he was entitled. The possibility of
the petitioner being entitled to another Casas hearing is too speculative to create an actual
controversy sufficient to support a claim for relief.
To the extent the petition may include a claim under Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678
(2001), it is premature as the petitioner’s removal is presently stayed by the Ninth Circuit
pending its final ruling on his appeal. The six-month period for removal “is tolled when an alien
requests judicial review of a removal order and a court orders a stay of removal.” Powell v.
Holder, 2013 WL 2635490, *2 (N.D. Ala. June 10, 2013). Accordingly, the petition is due to be
dismissed without prejudice.
Based on the foregoing, the respondents’ motion to dismiss (doc. 9) is due to be granted.
A separate order will be entered.
DONE and ORDERED this 20th day of March, 2015.
KARON OWEN BOWDRE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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