Otah v. Holder et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION Signed by Chief Judge Karon O Bowdre on 1/21/16. (SAC )
2016 Jan-21 AM 09:46
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
AZU IBE OTAH,
ERIC H. HOLDER, et al.,
Case No. 4:15-cv-380-KOB-TMP
The magistrate judge filed his report and recommendation in this case on
November 13, 2015, finding that this court lacked any authority to make a new bond
redetermination regarding the petitioner’s detention and that, despite his somewhat
prolonged detention awaiting removal, no violation of due process under Zadvydas
v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 121 S. Ct. 2491, 150 L. Ed. 2d 653 (2001), has occurred.
Petitioner filed his timely objections to the report and recommendation on November
23, 2015.1 Having now carefully reviewed de novo the report and recommendation,
the objections to it, and other materials in the court file, the court finds that the
objections are due to be and are hereby OVERRULED, and that the report is
In accordance with the “prisoner mailbox rule,” the objections are deemed filed on the date
they were delivered to jail officials for mailing, not the later date on which they were received by the
clerk of court.
ADOPTED and the recommendation is ACCEPTED.
Petitioner pleads two distinct but interrelated claims: (1) he is entitled to a new
bail or bond “re-determination”, due to his prolonged detention awaiting removal
from the country, and (2) he is entitled to release from detention under Zadvydas.
As to the former claim, the magistrate judge correctly determined that this court has
no authority to order a “bond re-determination” for the petitioner; that is an issue for
consideration by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, where the appeal of his removal
is pending. Even if the court could address the merits of the claim, the petitioner has
received a bond determination (perhaps two)2 by an immigration judge. This habeas
action cannot be used as a vehicle for seeking review of that order.
As to the Zadvydas issue, the Ninth Circuit has entered and had in place since
2011 a stay of petitioner’s removal pending review of the final order of removal.
Under 8 U.S.C. § 1231(a)(1)(B)(ii), the 90-day period for removal has been stayed
for that entire time and, consequently, the time for removal required by Zadvydas has
not expired. In any event, the magistrate judge noted that petitioner has failed to
show no likelihood of petitioner’s removal in the near future. As the magistrate judge
pointed out, there is every reason to believe that once judicial review of the removal
Petitioner acknowledges that an IJ originally set his bond at $30,000, but, on remand from
the Ninth Circuit, reduced it to $15,000. In any event, an IJ has made an individualized
determination of the conditions under which he can be released pending judicial review of his
is completed (and the removal is found to be lawful), the process leading to actual,
physical removal of the petitioner will be accomplished in short order. He has offered
no evidence of the existence of any circumstance that would indicate that he cannot
By separate Order, the court will deny the petition for habeas corpus brought
under 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
The Clerk is DIRECTED to mail a copy of the foregoing to the petitioner.
DONE and ORDERED this 21st day of January, 2016.
KARON OWEN BOWDRE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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