Fang v. Rivera et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge L Scott Coogler on 6/6/2017. (PSM)
2017 Jun-06 PM 03:01
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
DAVID D. RIVERA, et al.,
Case No.: 4:16-cv-02042-LSC-SGC
On May 12, 2017, the magistrate judge entered a report (Doc. 9) recommending the
amended petition for a writ of habeas corpus (Doc. 4) filed by Petitioner Ming Fang
(“Petitioner”) be denied without prejudice. The parties were given fourteen (14) days to respond
to the magistrate judge’s report and recommendation. On May 26, 2017, Petitioner filed an
objection. (Doc. 10).
Petitioner objects to the magistrate judge’s finding that his petition is premature. (Id. at
3). Petitioner points out he has now been detained beyond the presumptively reasonable sixmonth detention period. (Id.). Petitioner also states he has met his burden of proof because to
state a due process claim under Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001), he is not required to
offer anything more than the absence of travel documents. That is, he contends the bare fact that
Respondents have not yet obtained travel documents for him constitutes “good reason to believe
there is no substantial likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future.” (See Doc. 10
at 4); Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 700.
The magistrate judge found the delay in issuing Petitioner’s travel documents has been
due, at least in part, to Petitioner’s own refusal to provide the information necessary for
obtaining those documents.
(Doc. 9 at 4).
The magistrate judge found his petition was,
therefore, due to be dismissed as premature. (Id.). Further, the magistrate judge found Petitioner
had produced no evidence to support his contention that removal was not substantially likely in
the reasonably foreseeable future. (Id. at 4-5).
The court finds Petitioner contributed to the delay of his own removal by refusing to
cooperate with ICE’s efforts to remove him. “Although not expressly stated, the Supreme Court
appears to view the [presumptively reasonable] six-month period [under Zadvydas] to include the
90-day removal period plus 90 days thereafter.” Akinwale v. Ashcroft, 287 F.2d 1050, 1052
(11th Cir. 2002). The six-month period must have expired at the time the petition is filed. Id.
Accordingly, Petitioner’s objection that the six-month period has now expired is unavailing.
Petitioner’s claim was premature at the time he filed this action, and as such, it is due to be
dismissed. Guo Xing Song, 516 Fed. App’x 894, 899 (11th Cir. 2013) (affirming dismissal of
petition based upon Zadvydas claim because the petition was premature at the time it was filed).
The court further finds that even if Petitioner’s claim were not premature, he has failed to
meet his burden of proof. Petitioner cites no authority in support of his position that the absence
of travel documents is evidence no travel documents are forthcoming. Further, he offers no other
basis for finding these documents will not be issued in the near future. Because Petitioner bears
the burden of this showing, he has failed to support his claim.
After careful consideration of the record in this case and the magistrate judge’s report, the
court ADOPTS the report of the magistrate judge and ACCEPTS her recommendations. In
accordance with the recommendation, the court finds the amended petition for a writ of habeas
corpus (Doc. 4) is due to be denied without prejudice.
A separate order will be entered.
DONE and ORDERED on June 6, 2017.
L. Scott Coogler
United States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?