Knowles v. HSBC Bank USA National Association
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Inge P Johnson on 6/8/2012. (FNC)
2012 Jun-08 AM 11:00
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
BEVERLY KNOWLES, individually
and on behalf of all similarly situated
CASE NO. CV-11-J-1953-S
HBSC BANK USA,
The plaintiff filed the complaint in this action under the Truth-in-Lending Act
(“TILA”), asserting that the defendant failed to notify her within 30 days of the
transfer or assignment of the mortgage loan at issue, in violation of 15 U.S.C. §
1641(g).1 The parties have filed cross motions for summary judgment (docs. 33 and
38) and briefs and evidence in support of their respective positions (docs. 34 and 3841). The parties filed responses to each others initial briefs2 (docs. 48-49 and 53-
Although styled as a class action, no class has been certified to date. Plaintiff has filed a
motion for class certification (doc. 35), however, the defendant requested consideration of such
motion be delays pending resolution of the motions for summary judgment, which the court has
allowed. Thus, for purposes of the pending motions, the court considers the plaintiff’s claim
solely as it relates to her.
Defendant filed both a 12 page response to plaintiff’s statement of undisputed facts (doc.
49), which were contained within her initial 25 page brief, and a separate 25 page response to the
plaintiff’s motion (doc. 48). This court’s scheduling order allows 25 pages for responses. There
is no provision for separate argument styled as “Undisputed Facts.” The court finds argument
disguised as “Undisputed Fact” violates the scheduling order, and therefore is summarily
stricken. Hence, the court has considered the defendant’s opposition (doc. 48), but not its
54) and thereafter filed replies as well (docs. 55 and 56). Upon consideration of the
pleadings, memoranda and evidentiary submissions received, the court concludes that
the defendant’s motion is due to be granted and the plaintiff’s motion is due to be
denied, for the reasons set forth herein.
The undisputed facts of this case are as follows: The plaintiff and her husband
owned a house at 1205 Steger Road, Meridianville, Alabama. Plaintiff depo.
(submitted as defendant ex. B) at 7, 11. They built the house in 2001 with money
James Knowles, plaintiff’s husband, inherited. Plaintiff depo. at 11-12. Needing to
finance their son’s college education, the Knowles took out a mortgage on the
property in May 2006. Plaintiff depo. at 12. The Note, signed solely by James
Knowles, states that payments will be made to Option One Mortgage Company.
Defendant ex. 2. On the same date as the Note, James Knowles also signed a Limited
Power of Attorney, which lists the “Name of Lender making new loan” as “Option
One Mortgage Company.” Defendant ex. 3, at 000325. The mortgage, listing both
James and Beverly Knowles as the “grantors” states “[t]his security instrument is
given to Option One Mortgage Corporation.” Defendant ex. 4.
additional argument in its response to plaintiff’s undisputed facts (doc. 49). For the same reason,
the court has declined to consider the plaintiff’s response to the defendant’s statement of material
facts (doc. 53).
An “Assignment, Assumption and Recognition Agreement,” dated April 1,
2007, was entered between
Citigroup Global Markets Realty Corp. (the “Assignor”), Option One
Mortgage Corporation (the “Company” or the “Servicer”) and HSBC
Bank USA, National Association, as trustee (the “Assignee” or the
“Trustee”) for the benefit fo the holders of the Citigroup Mortgage Loan
Trust, Inc., Asset-Backed Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2007-SHL1.
It states that
In consideration of the mutual promises contained herein the parties
hereto agree that the residential mortgage loans (the “Assigned Loans”)
listed on Attachment 1 annexed hereto (the “Assigned Loan Schedule”)
owned by the Assignor and now serviced by Company for the Assignor
and its successors and assigns ...shall be serviced by the Company on
behalf of the Assignee in accordance with the provisions of the
Defendant ex. A-7. See also Affidavit of Kistler, ¶¶ 9-10. There is no dispute that
the mortgage loan in question was listed in Attachment 1. That agreement further
The Company shall establish a Custodial Account as an Eligible
Account, entitled “Option One Mortgage Corporation, as servicer for
Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as master servicer for HSBC Bank, USA,
National Association, as trustee for the holders of Citigroup Mortgage
Loan Trust Inc., Asset-Backed Pass-Through Certificates....”
Defendant ex. A-7 at 00253. See also Affidavit of Kistler, ¶ 13. Thus, as of April 1,
2007, the HSBC Trust became the owner of the Knowles’ mortgage and loan. Kistler
affidavit, ¶ 14.
In April 2008 Option One sold its rights to service mortgages, including the
Knowles’ mortgage, to American Home Mortgage Servicing, Inc. (“AMHSI”).
Affidavit of Kistler, ¶ 15; see also defendant exs. A-9 and A-10.
According to the defendant, James Knowles became in default on the Note in
the early part of 2009. Kistler affidavit, ¶ 16. Therefore, AMHSI sent James
Knowles a mortgage modification package in November 2009. Defendant ex. A-11.
In those documents, the HSBC Trust was identified as the lender on the Note.
In preparation to initiate foreclosure proceedings on plaintiff’s home, an
Assignment of Mortgage, from Sand Canyon Corporation f/k/a option One Mortgage
Corporation to HSBC Bank USA, National Association, as Trustee for Citigroup
Mortgage Loan Trust, Inc., Asset-Backed Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2007SHL1, was filed with the Probate Court of Madison County, Alabama, on May 19,
2011. Plaintiff ex. 6 (doc. 34). That document reflects an “effective date of May 2,
2011” although it was actually executed on May 9, 2011. Id. Also in May 2011,
plaintiff received a notice of foreclosure on the home. Kistler affidavit, ¶ 17. At the
time, payments were to be made to AMHSI. See plaintiff’s statement of undisputed
facts at ¶¶ 34-43. The foreclosure and any actions by AMHSI are the subject of
separate litigation and not before this court.3 Rather, the sole issue in this case is
whether the defendant, the HSBC Trust, violated TILA 15 U.S.C. § 1641(g)(1), as
alleged by the plaintiff.
The relevant section of TILA, was added in 2009. It requires that
In addition to other disclosure required by this subchapter, not later than
30 days after the date on which a mortgage loan is sold or otherwise
transferred or assigned to a third party, the creditor that is the new owner
or assignee of the debt shall notify the borrower in writing of such
15 U.S.C. § 1641(g)(1).
Defendant does not dispute that this section was enacted in 2009, that it applies
to the transfer of mortgage loans, or that it must comply with this law from the date
of its enactment forward. The defendant asserts that the HSBC Trust became the
owner of the mortgage loan at issue on April 1, 2007, thus predating the above law,
and that the plaintiff here, Beverly Knowles, was not a signatory on the Note securing
the mortgage, thus drawing into question her standing to sue.4
That action is styled as James E. Knowles and Beverly K. Knowles v. American Home
Mortgage Servicing, Inc., case number 5:11-cv-01670-AKK, also pending in the United States
District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. Because facts surrounding the foreclosure
action on plaintiff’s home are squarely before the court in that action, the court will not consider
any such facts here, other than to find the same not relevant to this issue in this case.
James Knowles, the plaintiff’s husband, passed away in November 2011, after this action
was filed. See plaintiff depo. at 20. He signed all of the relevant documents while plaintiff’s
name appears only on the mortgage. Clearly, the Note is the obligation to pay borrowed money,
the mortgage merely creates a lien against the property as security for that obligation. See e.g,
Foley v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., 2012 WL 1003504, 2 (S.D.Fla.2012)(distinguishing between a
STANDARD OF REVIEW
A moving party is entitled to summary judgment if there is no genuine issue
of material fact, leaving final judgment to be decided as a matter of law. See Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 56; Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475
U.S. 574, 587, 106 S.Ct. 1348, 1355-56 (1986); Reeves v. C.H. Robinson Worldwide,
Inc., 525 F .3d 1139, 1143 (11th Cir.2008). The facts, and any reasonable inferences
therefrom, are to be viewed in the light most favorable to the non-moving party, with
any doubt resolved in the non-movant’s favor. See Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398
U.S. 144, 158, 90 S.Ct. 1598, 1609 (1970). All “reasonable doubts” about the facts
and all justifiable inferences are resolved in favor of the non-movant. Fitzpatrick v.
City of Atlanta, 2 F.3d 1112, 1115 (11th Cir.1993). However, all “doubts” need not
be so resolved. Barnes v. Southwest Forest Industries, Inc., 814 F.2d 607, 609 (11th
Cir.1987). Once met by the moving party, however, the burden shifts to the
non-moving party to come forward with evidence to establish each element essential
to that party's case sufficient to sustain a jury verdict. See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett,
477 U.S. 317, 322, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 2552 (1986); Earley v. Champion Int’l Corp.,
907 F.2d 1077, 1080 (11th Cir.1990).
Note (the debt) and a mortgage (a lien)).
A party opposing a properly submitted motion for summary judgment may not
rest upon mere allegations or denials of his pleadings, but must set forth specific facts
showing that there is a genuine issue for trial. Eberhardt v. Waters, 901 F.2d 1578,
1580 (11th Cir.1990). In addition, the non-moving party's evidence on rebuttal must
be significantly probative and not based on mere assertion or be merely colorable.
See Rule 56(e); Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249-50, 106 S.Ct.
2505, 2511 (1986). Speculation does not create a genuine issue of fact. Cordoba v.
Dillard’s, Inc., 419 F.3d 1169, 1181 (11th Cir.2005).
“The mere existence of some factual dispute will not defeat summary judgment
unless that factual dispute is material to an issue affecting the outcome of the case ....
A genuine issue of material fact does not exist unless there is sufficient evidence
favoring the nonmoving party for a reasonable jury to return a verdict in its favor.”
Chapman v. AI Transport, 229 F.3d 1012, 1023 (11th Cir.2000), quoting Haves v. City
of Miami, 52 F.3d 918, 921 (11th Cir. 1995). A factual dispute regarding a nonmaterial issue will not preclude the defendant from succeeding on a motion for
summary judgment. Brown v. American Honda Motor Co., 939 F.2d 946, 953 (11th
The parties do not dispute that the loan in question was assigned to the
defendant. See e.g., defendant memorandum (doc. 39) at 7, plaintiff memorandum
in support (doc. 34), at ¶ 36. Under amendments to TILA, no later than thirty days
after the date a mortgage loan is sold or otherwise transferred or assigned to a third
party, the creditor that is the new owner or assignee of the debt shall notify the
borrower in writing of such transfer.” 15 U.S.C. § 1641(g). This written notification
must include: (1) the identity, address, telephone number of the new creditor; (2) the
date of the transfer; (3) information regarding how to reach an agent or party
authorized to act on the new creditor's behalf; (4) the location of the place where the
transfer of the ownership of the debt is recorded; and (5) any other relevant
information regarding the new creditor. Id. That section of TILA became effective
May 19, 2009. See Pub.L.No. 111-22, § 404(a), 123 Stat. 1632, 1658 (2009). Neither
party has suggested to the court that §1641(g) applies retroactively.
A borrower must bring an action for damages based on a faulty disclosure
within one year from the date the violation occurs. 15 U.S.C. § 1640(e); Smith v. Am.
Fin. Sys., Inc., 737 F.2d 1549, 1552 (11th Cir.1984) (“Nondisclosure is not a
continuing violation for purposes of the statute of limitations.” (citations omitted)).
Thus, the plaintiff must identify when the mortgage loan at issue was sold to establish
that this action is timely. Therein lies the main dispute before this court. Defendant
has produced undisputed evidence that it bought the mortgage and note on April 1,
2007. See e.g., affidavit of Kistler, ¶¶ 9-11; and defendant exs. A-5 through A-7.
The plaintiff asserts that, in spite of the documentary evidence in support of the
assignment occurring in 2007, the same is simply untrue. Plaintiff relies instead on
the date the notice of assignment was filed in the Probate Office of Madison County,
Alabama, that being May 2011.5 See Plaintiff memorandum (doc. 34) at 14.
The court finds one of the plaintiff’s quandary is thus: She asserts that the
assignment on 2007 was not really an assignment, and that the court must look to
May 2011 as the assignment date, to bring her claim within the time frame needed for
an actionable claim, but fails to allege James Knowles, who was the holder of the
The assignment of the mortgage is dated May 9, 2011, and states that the “Sand Canyon
Corporation f/k/a Option One Mortgage Corporation” assigns its interest in the mortgage in
question to defendant HSBC, as Trustee. The same document states its “effective date” is May 2,
2011. In spite of the May 19, 2011, filing date of the Assignment, the plaintiff repeatedly argues
that the Court must consider May 9, 2011, to be the proper date. If the court was to agree, this
action was filed prematurely. The statute in question allows a creditor thirty (30) days to provide
the required notice. Assuming the assignment did occur May 9, 2011, the thirtieth day would be
June 8, 2011. The action therefore could not accrue until June 9, 2011. Yet this action was filed
June 8, 2011. See e.g., Squires v. BAC Home Loan Servicing, LP, 2011 WL 5966948, 2
(S.D.Ala.2011) (discussing accrual of claims under § 1641(g)).
Note, did not receive notice of the assignment post-dating May 9, 2011.6 Further
confusing the issue is plaintiff’s argument later in her memorandum that
Since there in no evidence of a transfer in writing of the Knowles’ loan
to HSBC, other than the assignment at issue, the only question here is
whether the July 2010 assignment conveyed at least the “apparent
ownership” necessary to vest “legal title” in HSBC for purposes of
Plaintiff’s memorandum, at 20 (emphasis added). The court has no evidence of a
July 2010 assignment before it.
Further diminishing plaintiff’s claim are the following undisputed facts:
AHMSI became the loan servicer in 2008; plaintiff was aware of this; James Knowles
was the sole signatory to the Note; AHMSI sent James Knowles a proposed mortgage
modification in November 2009; plaintiff knew that proposal was received by her
husband; and that proposal lists “Lender or Service (“Lender”): HSBC Bank USA,
National Association, as trustee for benefit of the holders of the Citigroup Mortgage
Loan Trust, Inc. Asset-Backed Pass-Through Certificates, Series 2007-SHL-1.” See
defendant ex. A-11 at 00310. The plaintiff fails to offer any explanation why this in
and of itself, did not put her or James Knowles on notice that the mortgage had been
Rather, the plaintiff’s complaint clearly states “Defendant HSBC was required to notify
Plaintiff in writing” and “Defendant HSBC failed to notify her at all...” Complaint, ¶¶ 11-12.
Under Alabama law, there is nothing magical about the recordation of an
assignment of a mortgage. Actual knowledge of the existence of a prior unrecorded
mortgage has the same effect as if the mortgage had been duly recorded. See e.g.,
Wittmeir v. Leonard, 122 So. 330 (1929). A mortgage, though not recorded, is valid
and passes title as between the parties. See In re Haas, 31 F.3d 1081, 1084 (11th
Cir.1994), citing Murphree v. Smith, 291 Ala. 20, 277 So.2d 327, 329 (1973);
Alexander v. Fountain, 195 Ala. 3, 70 So. 669 (1916); Simon v. Sewell, 64 Ala. 241
(1879). See also Andrews v. Burns, 11 Ala. 691 (1847). An assignment of a
mortgage only must be in writing and duly executed. See Dean v. Clark, 116 So.2d
379 (1959). The recording of such assignment acts as notice thereof. See e.g.,
Ala.Code § 35-4-63; Hendley v. First Nat. Bank, 180 So. 667, 674
(Ala.1937)(discussing effect of failure to record mortgage). Stevens v. Whaley, 181
So. 778, 780 (Ala.1938) (discussing effect of failure to record assignment of
mortgage). Thus, the failure to record the 2007 assignment of the note and mortgage
is relevant only to subsequent purchasers of the property, and in this case there were
none.7 See e.g, Sixty St. Francis Street, Inc. v. Protective Life Insurance Co., 554
So.2d 1003 (Ala.1989).
See also Redman v. Federal Home Mortgage Corp., 765 So.2d 630 (Ala.1999) (noting
failure to record assignment of mortgage in order to allow assignor to continue to service the
mortgage on behalf of assignee).
At the time of the May 2011 assignment, Sand Canyon Corporation f/k/a
Option One Mortgage Corporation (“Sand Canyon”), could only assign whatever
interest it still had in the mortgage and note, if any. The assignment of a remaining
interest does not automatically assume a transfer in ownership occurred that date.
Indeed, the court has no evidence before it that as of May 9, 2011, Sand Canyon had
any interest left to assign. Thus, the court has no evidence before it that any transfer
in ownership of the right to collect on the Note as secured by the mortgage occurred
on May 9, 2011, and no notice under TILA was therefore due to plaintiff at that time.8
Because the court finds nothing which triggered defendant’s duty under TILA,
15 U.S.C. § 1641(g), in May 2011, the court is of the opinion that the plaintiff’s
motion for summary judgment is due to be denied and the defendant’s motion for
summary judgment is due to be granted. The court does not reach the parties’ other
arguments for this same reason.
Because this case is before the court on cross-motions for summary judgment,
and the court is of the opinion that no genuine issues of material fact exist, the court
is of the opinion that this matter is wholly disposed of by the cross-motions. The
The plaintiff makes many other arguments concerning the propriety of the transaction by
the defendant. The court does not consider any argument which does not directly relate to
plaintiff’s claim under § 1641(g) of TILA as that is the only issue properly before the court.
court GRANTS defendant’s motion for summary judgment on the plaintiff’s
complaint, and DENIES plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment.
The court FINDS that the above ruling renders the motion for class
DONE and ORDERED this the 8th day of June, 2012.
INGE PRYTZ JOHNSON
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
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