Martin v. Davenport et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge C Lynwood Smith, Jr on 9/26/2012. (AHI)
2012 Sep-26 PM 03:49
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
RICHARD ANTHONY MARTIN, )
ATTORNEY GENERAL FOR
THE STATE OF ALABAMA,
Case No. 5:12-cv-1058-CLS-PWG
The magistrate judge filed a report and recommendation on August 14, 2012,1
recommending that the petition for writ of habeas corpus be DENIED. On September 4,
2012, petitioner filed objections to the recommendation.2 The court will treat such filing
as a motion, or, in the alternative, as objections to the magistrate judge’s report and
The magistrate judge recommended that petitioner’s § 2254 petition be denied
because it is barred by the applicable one-year statute of limitations. The magistrate judge
found that the action was untimely filed and was ineligible for statutory tolling, equitable
tolling, or tolling under the “actual innocence” or “miscarriage of justice” exception.3 In
Doc. no. 7.
Doc. no. 8.
See doc. no. 7.
his objection, petitioner argues that he is eligible for the actual innocence or miscarriage
of justice exception.4
As stated in the magistrate judge’s report and recommendation:
In order to come within this exception, “prisoners asserting innocence as a
gateway to defaulted claims must establish that, in light of new evidence, ‘it
is more likely than not that no reasonable juror would have found petitioner
guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.’” House v. Bell, 547 U.S. 518, 536-37
(2006) (quoting Schlup v. Delo, 513 U.S. 298, 327 (1995)). This standard
“is demanding and permits review only in the ‘extraordinary’ case.” Schlup,
513 U.S. at 327 (quoting McCleskey v. Zant, 499 U.S. 467, 494 (1991)). “
‘[T]o be credible’ a gateway claim requires ‘new reliable evidence —
whether it be exculpatory scientific evidence, trustworthy eyewitness
accounts, or critical physical evidence — that was not presented at trial.”
House, 547 U.S. at 537 (quoting Schlup, 513 U.S. at 324). The district court
then considers “all of the evidence, old and new, incriminating and
exculpatory, without regard to whether it would necessarily be admitted
under rules of admissibility that would govern at trial.” Id., 547 U.S. at 538
(quoting Schlup, 513 U.S. at 327–28 (internal quotation marks and further
citation omitted)). “Based on this total record, the court must make “a
probabilistic determination about what reasonable, properly instructed jurors
would do.” Id. (quoting Schlup, 513 U.S. at 329)). In order to warrant an
evidentiary hearing, a petitioner must make “a threshold showing of actual
innocence. The timing of the submission is relevant, as is the likely
credibility of the affiants.” Sibley v. Culliver, 377 F.3d 1196, 1206 (11th Cir.
2004) (citation omitted).5
Petitioner makes two new arguments, which the court will address in turn.
First, petitioner states:
When I went back for a new Trial a Investegator by the name of
Jimmy Morrow took me in the bath room and told me “Martin the boots that
Doc. no. 8.
Doc. no. 7, at 5-6 (bracketed alteration in original).
was in your Trial how do you even know that them was your boots and I said
yall are seting me up like that and he said yes we are” but to the Court that
is only hear say [sic].6
This scenario does not present evidence to meet the actual innocence standard. It is not
clear who the investigator is or whether he is at all connected to petitioner’s case. Even
if Morrow was an investigator or detective on the evidence related to this conviction,
petitioner appears to have already presented this evidence to the court and had the court
rule it inadmissable as hearsay. This statement does not constitute “new evidence.”
Second, petitioner states:
1 year later Deputy Mark Maddox the evidence custodian of the last 10 years
was arrested and charged with theft of property in the First degree and was
found Guilty. This Mark Maddox had all access to the evidence in my case
and he was commiting his on [sic] crime before my Trial, during my Trial
and after my Trial. His Character is a lie and he was a bad cop and I know
Cullman County set me up.7
Petitioner seems to suggest that all cases which came before the court during the ten years
that Mark Maddox was evidence custodian should be dismissed, without providing any
evidence that Maddox’s arrest was at all related to the evidence files. The fact that
Maddox was arrested for unrelated theft of property while he was the evidence custodian
does not prove or even suggest that he was tampering with the case files or committing
any crime in relation to them.
Doc. no. 8, at 1.
Petitioner has not provided credible evidence which would warrant his eligibility
for the actual innocence exception to the statute of limitations. Petitioner has not objected
to the magistrate judge’s finding that he is similarly ineligible for statutory or equitable
tolling. Therefore, petitioner’s filing is untimely filed as barred by the applicable oneyear statute of limitations.
Having carefully reviewed and considered de novo all the materials in the court file,
the Court is of the opinion that the magistrate judge’s findings are due to be and are
hereby ADOPTED and his recommendation is ACCEPTED. To the extent that the
petitioner’s filing of September 4, 2012 is construed as interposing objections to the
report and recommendation, such objections are due to be and hereby are OVERRULED.
To the extent that the petitioner’s filing is construed as a motion, it is due to be and
hereby is DENIED. Accordingly, the petition for writ of habeas corpus is due to be
DENIED. A Final Judgment will be entered.
As to the foregoing it is SO ORDERED this the 26th day of September, 2012.
United States District Judge
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