Agee v. Chugach World Services Inc
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER - The Court DENIES Chugachs motion for reconsideration. (Doc 56 ). Signed by Judge Madeline Hughes Haikala on 11/6/2014. (KEK)
2014 Nov-06 PM 01:00
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
CHUGACH WORLD SERVICES
INC. and KONE, INC.,
Case No.: 5:12-cv-2119-MHH
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This is a personal injury action. Plaintiff Douglas Agee’s neck was injured
on June 9, 2010 when the elevator in which he was riding jerked. At the time of
Mr. Agee’s injury, defendant Chugach World Services, Inc. was contractually
responsible for maintaining and repairing the elevator. Mr. Agee asserted a variety
of state law claims against Chugach. Chugach moved for summary judgment on
all of Mr. Agee’s claims. (Doc. 40). The Court granted summary judgment on
every claim except for Mr. Agee’s negligent repair claim. (Doc. 54, pp. 17–19).
Pursuant to Rules 59 and 60 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Chugach asks
the Court to reconsider its denial of summary judgment on Mr. Agee’s negligent
repair claim. (Doc. 56). For the reasons stated below, the Court denies Chugach’s
motion for reconsideration.
When considering a summary judgment motion, the Court must view “the
facts and reasonable inferences in the light most favorable to the non-moving
party.” Hill v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 510 Fed. Appx. 810, 813 (11th Cir. 2013).
At summary judgment, the “moving party bears the initial burden to show the
district court, by reference to materials on file, that there are no genuine issues of
material fact that should be decided at trial.” Clark v. Coats & Clark, Inc., 929
F.2d 604, 608 (11th Cir. 1991). Rule 56(c) states:
A party asserting that a fact cannot be or is genuinely disputed must support
the assertion by:
(A) citing to particular parts of materials in the record, including depositions,
documents, electronically stored information, affidavits or declarations,
stipulations (including those made for purposes of the motion only),
admissions, interrogatory answers, or other materials; or
(B) showing that the materials cited do not establish the absence or presence
of a genuine dispute, or that an adverse party cannot produce admissible
evidence to support the fact.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). Chugach contends that it met this initial burden because it
“presented undisputed evidence establishing the elevator was operating safely and
was not in a state of disrepair immediately prior to Mr. Agee’s injury.” (Doc. 57,
The Court respectfully disagrees. Chugach carried its initial burden with
respect to all of Mr. Agee’s claims other than his negligent repair claim. With
regard to the negligent repair claim, Chugach simply made bald, conclusory
assertions like this one: “there is no evidence establishing the alleged malfunction
of the elevator resulted from CWS’s negligent maintenance or repair work.” (Doc.
41, p. 2; see also Doc. 40, ¶ 1). Chugach repeatedly lumped maintenance and
repair together in these conclusory statements, but when Chugach referred to
“particular parts of materials in the record,” those materials concerned Chugach’s
regular maintenance of the elevator. For example, Chugach pointed out that,
“CWS’s obligations with respect to elevator maintenance are set forth in
subsections C.18.104.22.168.6 and C.22.214.171.124 of the Buildings and Structures Section of
the ISS.” (Doc. 41, p. 5) (quoting contract provisions). Chugach submitted “an
elevator inspection checklist, which set forth in detail all the checks and
maintenance tasks” that maintenance personnel provided on a monthly basis, and a
page from the preventative maintenance log for the elevator. (Doc. 41, p. 7; Docs.
41-8, 41-9). Chugach provided expert testimony regarding the standard of care for
routine maintenance. (Doc. 41, p. 18; Docs. 41-12, 41-13).
With respect to problems with the elevator that required repair, Chugach
asserted only that it replied to requests for service calls in a timely manner and that
there were no “no outstanding work orders for the elevator” at the time of Mr.
Agee’s injury. (Doc. 41, pp. 4, 17). Mr. Agee’s negligent repair claim does not
concern the speed with which Chugach’s elevator technicians responded to reports
of elevator malfunctions. Rather, Mr. Agee alleged:
26. Defendant Chugach breached that duty by negligently repairing
and/or negligently failing to properly repair the elevator involved in
27. The breach of the duty by Defendant resulted in the elevator
malfunctioning and suddenly falling and/or jerking or lurching while the
Plaintiff was a passenger in the elevator and that falling/jerking/lurching
incident resulted in the injuries sustained by the Plaintiff.
(Doc. 1, p. 8).
Chugach acknowledged that its elevator maintenance technicians “had to
address several reported problems involving the north elevator from time to time,”
but the company referred to no materials in the record that provided information
about the steps that Chugach took to address the problems. (Doc. 41, p. 8).
Chugach submitted no repair records with its summary judgment materials. (Docs.
14-1 to 14-13). It submitted only a one-page log of work orders for the 12 months
relevant to Mr. Agee’s claim.
(Doc. 41-5, pp. 4, 25).
Chugach sent repair
technicians to work on the elevator on June 9, 2010, and on June 10, 2010, yet the
log reflects neither of these visits. (Compare, e.g., Doc. 41-3, p. 11 & Doc. 45-7,
p. 3 with Doc. 41-5, p. 25).1 The log contains vague entries such as “check
passenger elevator.” (Doc. 41-5, p. 25). It provides no substantive information
regarding repairs to the elevator.
Jurors could reasonably infer from these gaps that Chugach’s repair records are incomplete.
Chugach’s expert offered no information regarding repairs made to the
elevator during the time period relevant to Mr. Agee’s accident. 2 At best, through
its argument, Chugach attempted to show that Mr. Agee “cannot produce
admissible evidence to support” his negligent repair claim. (See, e.g., Doc. 41, p.
8) (“Repair Requests. . . . Mr. Agee has no knowledge regarding any of the
maintenance CWS performed on the north elevator and does not know any
required maintenance activities that CWS failed to undertake. (Agee Depo., pp.
179:8-180:12). Mr. Agee does not know the names of any of CWS’s elevator
mechanics and has no knowledge regarding any training they received. (Id. at pp.
186:19-187:4).”) (bold in original).
Assuming for argument’s sake that Mr. Agee’s unfamiliarity with the
maintenance performed on the elevator is enough to shift the burden to Mr. Agee
on his negligent repair claim, Mr. Agee submitted an e-mail chain which addresses
repairs Chugach made to the elevator. The final e-mail in the chain indicates that
Chugach replaced the hydraulic pump and motor on the elevator two months prior
to Mr. Agee’s accident, and an adjustable hydraulic valve was causing a rough start
and needed to be adjusted after Mr. Agee’s accident. (Doc. 45-7, p. 2). Chugach
moved to strike the e-mail chain from the record. The Court denied the motion.
Chugach chose to place an expert affidavit and an expert report in the record. The Court may
review these materials and note Chugach’s expert’s silence with respect to repairs made to the
elevator, in contrast to the expert’s discussion of preventative maintenance topics.
Chugach does not challenge the Court’s ruling on the company’s motion to strike.
On the record before the Court, Mr. Agee’s negligent repair claim survives
Chugach’s motion for summary judgment. The Court expresses no opinion about
whether Mr. Agee’s negligent repair claim may survive a Rule 50 motion for
judgment as a matter of law. That motion will be based upon the evidence in the
record at trial.
Accordingly, the Court DENIES Chugach’s motion for reconsideration.
The Court directs the Clerk to please TERM Doc. 56.
DONE and ORDERED this November 6, 2014.
MADELINE HUGHES HAIKALA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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