Craig v. Social Security Administration, Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Inge P Johnson on 1/7/13. (ASL)
2013 Jan-07 PM 02:37
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
GLORIA FAYE CRAIG,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of the Social
The plaintiff appeals from the decision of the Commissioner of Social Security
denying her disability insurance benefits and supplemental security income. The case is
now properly before the court. See 42 U.S.C. § 405.
At the time of the hearing before the Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”), the plaintiff
was 49 years old, having been born January 16, 1961, and had a limited education (R. 93,
202-203). The plaintiff alleged an inability to work due to back pain (R. 158). The ALJ
found that the plaintiff does have impairments which are severe, specifically mild mildline
disc bulge at L5-S1, lumbar spondylosis with radiculopathy, lumbosacral facet syndrome,
degenerative joint disease, degenerative disk disease, bursitis, osteopenia, pulmonary and
adrenal nodules, dyspnea, COPD, and GERD, none of which met or medically equaled any
of the impairments listed in Appendix 1 of Subpart P, 20 CFR Part 404 (R. 23, 26). The
ALJ specifically considered whether the plaintiff met the requirements of Listing 1.02 or
3.02, and found that she did not. The ALJ therefore concluded that the plaintiff had the
residual functional capacity to perform a limited range of light work, with limitations of lifting
and carrying up to ten pounds frequently, only occasional climbing ramps, stairs, ladders,
ropes or scaffolds, only occasional balancing, stooping, kneeling, crouching and crawling,
and avoiding concentrated exposure to unprotected heights or dangerous machinery (R.
26). Based on these limitations and the Vocational Expert’s testimony, the ALJ found that
the plaintiff could return to her past relevant work as a seamstress and gas grill assembler,
as well as perform other jobs existing in the national economy (R. 29-30). The ALJ
concluded that the plaintiff was not disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act
The plaintiff argues that the ALJ failed to apply the Eleventh Circuit pain standard,
although the plaintiff alleges pain is what keeps her from engaging in substantial gainful
work activity. Plaintiff’s memorandum at 5-13. The court finds that the ALJ did consider
the plaintiff’s allegations of pain, but found plaintiff’s testimony regarding her limitations
from pain not to be entirely credible (R. 27-28). Specifically, the ALJ found the plaintiff’s
testimony undermined by her activities of daily living, her application and receipt of
unemployment compensation benefits and the medical records in which she reported
repeated benefit from epidural injections (R. 28).
The court’s role in reviewing claims brought under the Social Security Act is a
narrow one. The scope of its review is limited to determining: 1) whether there is
substantial evidence in the record as a whole to support the findings of the Commissioner,
and 2) whether the correct legal standards were applied. See Richardson v. Perales, 402
U.S. 389, 390, 401, 91 S. Ct. 1420, 28 L. Ed. 843 (1971); Lamb v. Bowen, 847 F.2d 698,
701 (11th Cir.1988). The Court may not decide facts, reweigh evidence, or substitute its
judgment for that of the Commissioner. See Bloodsworth v. Heckler, 703 F.2d 1233, 1239
(11th Cir.1983). However, this limited scope does not render affirmance automatic,
for “despite [this] deferential standard for review of claims . . . [the] Court
must scrutinize [the] record in its entirety to determine reasonableness of the
decision reached.” Bridges v. Bowen, 815 F.2d 622 (11th Cir. 1987).
Lamb, 847 F.2d at 701. Moreover, failure to apply the correct legal standards is grounds
for reversal. See Bowen v. Heckler, 748 F.2d 629, 634 (11th Cir.1984).
The court has specifically considered the plaintiff’s argument concerning whether
the ALJ failed to apply the pain standard as required by the Eleventh Circuit. The pain
standard requires “(1) evidence of an underlying medical condition; and (2) either (a)
objective medical evidence confirming the severity of the alleged pain; or, (b) that the
objectively determined medical condition can reasonably be expected to give rise to the
claimed pain”. Wilson v. Barnhart, 284 F.3d 1219, 1225 (11th Cir.2002). However, such
an analysis is not the end of the standard’s application. Assuming such a condition exists,
that ALJ must then evaluate a claimant's subjective symptoms, considering such things as:
(1) the claimant's daily activities; (2) the nature, location, onset, duration, frequency,
radiation, and intensity of pain and other symptoms; (3) precipitating and aggravating
factors; (4) adverse side-effects of medications, and (5) treatment or measures taken by
the claimant for relief of symptoms. See 20 C.F.R. § 404.1529(c)(3)(i)-(iv).
The ALJ carefully and meticulously considered the plaintiff’s impairments and found
that the same could reasonably be expected to produce the type of pain and other
symptoms she alleged. However, the ALJ did not believe plaintiff’s testimony as to the
severity of her pain and other symptoms, i.e., their intensity, persistence and functionally
limiting effects. See 20 C.F.R. § 416.929(c) (“When the medical signs or laboratory findings
show that you have a medically determinable impairment(s) that could reasonably be
expected to produce your symptoms, such as pain, we must then evaluate the intensity
and persistence of your symptoms so that we can determine how your symptoms limit your
capacity for work....”). The court finds the ALJ properly evaluated the plaintiff’s complaints
of pain, given her medical records and her report of daily activities.
Without redeciding the facts or reweighing the evidence, this court can find no basis
upon which to reverse the decision of the ALJ. See e.g., Martin v. Sullivan, 894 F.2d 1520,
1529 (11th Cir.1990). Accordingly, the decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security
Administration will be affirmed by separate order.
Done, this 7th of January, 2013.
INGE PRYTZ JOHNSON
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
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