Lee v. Thomas et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND PARTIAL FINAL JUDGMENT ORDER; The Magistrate Judge's Report is due to be and is hereby ADOPTED and his Recommendation is ACCEPTED. The MOTION for Summary Judgment filed by defendants, Thomas, Culliver, Conway, and Bia s is GRANTED, and the claims against them are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. FINAL JUDGMENT is hereby entered in favor of defendants Thomas, Culliver, Conway, and Bias. The Court EXPRESSLY FINDS the claims against defendant Deloach are DISMISSED for L ack of Prosecution. Defendant Estes's Objection to the inmate affidavits are OVERRULED, and defendant Estes's request for additional time to respond to the footnote statement is DENIED. Accordingly, defendant Estes's Motion for Summary Judgment is DENIED, and the claim against him is REFERRED to the Magistrate Judge for further proceedings as set out herein. Signed by Judge Virginia Emerson Hopkins on 3/3/2016. (JLC)
2016 Mar-03 PM 03:10
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
RASHAD C. LEE,
COMMISSIONER KIM THOMAS, et
) Case No. 5:13-cv-01365-VEH-JEO
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND PARTIAL FINAL JUDGMENT ORDER;
ORDER REFERRING CASE BACK TO MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The magistrate judge filed a report and recommendation on February 10,
2016, recommending the claims against defendant Deloach be dismissed for lack of
prosecution. (Doc. 51 at 3). The magistrate judge further recommended that the
motion for summary judgment be granted with regard to all claims against
defendants Thomas, Culliver, Conway, and Bias. (Id.). Finally, the magistrate judge
recommended defendant Estes’s motion for summary judgment as to the plaintiff’s
Eighth Amendment conditions of confinement claim be denied, but noted only
nominal damages were available since the plaintiff alleges no physical injury and is
no longer incarcerated at Limestone Correctional Facility. (Id.).
On February 25, 2015, defendant Estes filed objections to the magistrate
judge’s report and recommendation. (Doc. 52). He is the only party to this action to
file objections to the report and recommendation.1 Defendant Estes objects to the
magistrate judge’s reliance on two inmate affidavits proffered as part of the
plaintiff’s initial disclosures and information contained in the plaintiff’s motion for
preliminary injunctive relief. (Id. at 1-6) (citing docs. 39 & 30, respectively).
Defendant Estes also takes issue with a factual statement made by the magistrate
judge (explained below), and a footnote where he contends the magistrate judge
relied on information contained in the inmate affidavits. (Id. at 5-6). After
consideration of the procedural history and defendant Estes’s arguments, the
objections are OVERRULED, and the request to file an additional response is
DENIED at this time.
Defendant Estes declares the magistrate judge erred in relying on the initial
disclosures and two affidavits the plaintiff filed on January 5, 2015, because they
were submitted in connection with a motion for default judgment that had been
denied as premature prior to the filing of the Special Report on March 6, 2015. (Id.
at 3) (citing docs. 39, 43 & 49, respectively). Defendant Estes points out that
The plaintiff filed a letter yesterday, March 2, 2016 (doc. 53), but that document does not
present any objections to the report and recommendation.
Section III. B. of the Order for Special Report directed the plaintiff to file his initial
disclosures within (20) twenty days after the certificate of service on the
defendants’ Special Report. (Id. at 4) (citing doc. 32 at 4). Therefore, he argues, the
plaintiff’s January 25, 2015 initial disclosures were premature. (Id.). Defendant
Estes asks the court to reject this aspect of the report and recommendation, or, in
the alternative, requests leave to file an additional response. (Id. at 6).
The Order for Special Report was entered on November 14, 2014. (Doc. 32).
The order directed Defendant Estes to respond to the plaintiff’s complaint and
amended complaint within 60 days. (Id. at 7) (citing docs. 1 & 15). Defendant Estes
filed a motion for extension of time to file a Special Report on December 30, 2014.
(Doc. 37). The magistrate judge granted the motion the following day and afforded
defendant Estes until February 4, 2015, to file the special report. (Doc. 38).
On January 1, 2015, the plaintiff filed a motion for default judgment, which
contained the initial disclosures and affidavits at issue. (Doc. 39).2 The certificate of
service indicates that the plaintiff sent the motion to the defendants at ADOC
Central Records in Montgomery, Alabama, and to the defendants at Limestone
Because prisoners proceeding pro se have virtually no control over the mailing of their
pleadings, their pleadings are deemed to be filed at the time the prisoner delivers the pleading to
prison or jail officials to be mailed. See Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266, 270-72 (1988). The plaintiff
signed his motion on January 1, 2015, so it is deemed filed on that date.
Correctional Facility. (Id. at 3). Defendant Estes is the Warden at Limestone
Correctional Facility. (Id.). As such, defendant Estes had notice of the initial
disclosures and the two inmate affidavits for at least one month prior to the filing of
his Special Report.3 (Id.). Certainly, the plaintiff’s motion for default judgment and
his disclosures were premature, but considering the foregoing circumstances and the
fact the plaintiff is proceeding pro se, defendant Estes could have specifically
responded to the content of the affidavits within the time period allotted to file the
special report. Furthermore, while defendant Estes now requests additional time to
dispute the affidavits and report and recommendation, he makes no proffer as to the
additional evidence and argument he intends to present and fails to explain how
such evidence would produce anything other than further disputed issues of material
facts in connection with the claim against him.4 Defendant Estes does not proffer
Defendant Estes does not dispute that he had notice of these filings. Even if he did not
receive a copy from the plaintiff, he received an electronic notification that they were filed when the
Clerk entered them into the record.
Defendant Estes quotes the last two pages of the plaintiff’s complaint as providing the only
allegations supporting the claim at issue for which the Order for Special Report required a response.
(Doc. 52 at 2) (quoting doc. 1 at 63-64). In a portion of his affidavit addressing this claim, defendant
Estes attests, "[t]o my knowledge there has never been any type of emergency where medical
personnel had to attempt entry to a cell block through the smoking cages attached to a cell block
building." (Doc. 49 at 4). The plaintiff's complaint makes no allegations regarding an emergency
where medical personnel would have needed to attempt entry. (Doc. 1 at 63-64). Instead, it is inmate
Perry's affidavit that details a specific incident where medical personnel could not get an inmate out
of the dorm through the smoke cage because the lock was rusted. (Doc. 39 at 4). Thus, it is evident
defendant Estes was responding to information contained in one of the inmate affidavits and offering
evidence to dispute it, which, at most, created an issue of fact.
evidence or argument that may result in the success of his motion for summary
judgment. This objection is OVERRULED, and Defendant Estes’s request to file
an additional response is DENIED at this time.
Next, defendant Estes objects to the following statement contained in the
magistrate judge’s report and recommendation: “Such a drill was not conducted
while the plaintiff was housed at the facility even though the locked smoke cages are
one of two points of exit.” (Doc. 52 at 6) (citing doc. 51 at 29). Defendant Estes
argues “[n]o cite is provided in support of this statement and this is disputed.” (Id.).
Defendant Estes does not reveal what aspect(s) of this statement is disputed. The
plaintiff was housed at Limestone Correctional Facility for a period of time prior to
2012, was transferred away from the facility until November 21, 2012, and then
remained at Limestone until January 5, 2015. (Doc. 1 at 27-28, 47-48, 56; Doc. 5 at
5; Doc. 49-2 at 3).
In defendant Estes’s affidavit, executed on March 6, 2015, he attested
[a] recent drill was conducted to determine how long it would
take a dormitory rover to retrieve the key from the cubicle and then to
open the smoke cages.
The quickest time was two (2) minutes and the longest time was
ten (10) minutes due to a lock issue. This drill will be performed on a
monthly basis in conjunction with the fire drill which will illuminate
any future issues with locks.
(Doc. 49-4 at 3).
Additionally, the inmate affidavits the plaintiff submitted state emergencies
occurred while the plaintiff was housed at Limestone and indicate that the riot doors
and smoke cages are the only two points of exit from the dorms in that facility.
(Doc. 39 at 4-5). All of the foregoing citations are explicitly set out in the report and
recommendation.5 (Doc. 51 at 6, 15-16).
Thus, the magistrate judge’s factual statement is derived from defendant
Estes’s own statement and numerous other citations to the record. Based on the
record evidence, the factual statement is neither erroneous nor disputed.
Accordingly, this objection is OVERRULED, and his request for additional time to
respond to the statement is DENIED at this time.
Finally, defendant Estes objects to the magistrate judge’s reliance on
information contained in a footnote referring to the content of a Motion for
Preliminary Injunctive Relief that the court denied prior to the filing of his Special
Report. (Doc. 52 at 6) (citing doc. 51 at 14 n.5). This footnote contains factual
allegations about dangerous incidents pertaining to the fire exits and smoke cages at
Limestone Correctional Facility. (Doc. 51 at 14 n.5). Not only were these
The lack of citation defendant Estes refers to is in the “Analysis” section of the report and
recommendation; however, the citations for this fact are in fact provided in the “Summary Judgment
allegations contained in a footnote and not necessary to the magistrate judge’s
conclusion, the inmate affidavits referred to above contain substantially the same
allegations. For the same reasons defendant Estes’s objection to the inmate
affidavits are overruled, this objection is OVERRULED, and defendant Estes’s
request for additional time to respond to the footnote statement is DENIED.
Furthermore, to the extent defendant Estes contends that any of the plaintiff’s
facts upon which the magistrate relied are “disputed” or would have been disputed if
he had presented evidence, (see doc. 52 at 5), disputed facts do not compel
summary judgment but instead compel the denial of summary judgment when those
disputed facts are material. See FED. R. CIV. P. 56.
Having carefully reviewed and considered de novo all the materials in the
court file, including the report and recommendation and the objections filed by
defendant Estes, the court is of the opinion that the magistrate judge’s report is due
to be and is hereby ADOPTED and his recommendation is ACCEPTED.
The Court EXPRESSLY FINDS the claims against defendant Deloach are
DISMISSED for lack of prosecution. The court further EXPRESSLY FINDS
there are no genuine issues of material fact as to all claims against defendants
Thomas, Culliver, Conway, and Bias, and those defendants are entitled to judgment
as a matter of law. Therefore, the motion for summary judgment filed by defendants
Thomas, Culliver, Conway, and Bias is GRANTED, and the claims against them
are DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. FINAL JUDGMENT is hereby entered
in favor of defendants Thomas, Culliver, Conway, and Bias.
The Court also EXPRESSLY FINDS there are genuine issues of material
fact as to the Eighth Amendment claims against defendant Estes, and he is not
entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Accordingly, defendant Estes’s motion for
summary judgment is DENIED, and the claim against him is REFERRED to the
magistrate judge for further proceedings, including the potential for receiving further
evidence and argument on a possible second motion for summary judgment prior to
initiating pretrial procedures.
DONE and ORDERED this the 3rd day of March, 2016.
VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS
United States District Judge
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