Moore v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM OPINION Signed by Judge Sharon Lovelace Blackburn on 6/22/17. (SAC )
2017 Jun-22 AM 09:56
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
NORMAN J. MOORE,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Case No. 5:17-CV-8022-SLB
Crim. Case No. 5:93-CR-0137-SLB-SGC
This case is presently pending before the court on Motion for Relief Pursuant to Title
28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(3) in Light of U.S. Supreme Court Holding in Dean v. United States,
[137 S. Ct. 1170], No. 15-9260 (April 3, 2017), filed by petitioner Norman J. Moore. (Doc.
1; crim. doc. 139.)1 Moore has previously filed habeas petitions attacking his convictions
and sentence in his criminal case. He does not have authorization from the Eleventh Circuit
to file the instant Motion; therefore, the court is without jurisdiction. Moore’s Motion for
Relief, (doc. 1; crim. doc. 139), will be denied and this case will be dismissed.
Section 2244(a) states, “No . . . district judge shall be required to entertain an
application for a writ of habeas corpus to inquire into the detention of a person pursuant to
a judgment of a court of the United States if it appears that the legality of such detention has
Citations to documents in the court’s record in petitioner’s Motion to Vacate appear
as “(Doc. __).” Citations to documents in the court’s record in the criminal proceedings
against petitioner, Case No. 5:93-CR-0137-SLB-SGC, appear as “(Crim. Doc. __).”
Citations to page numbers refer to the page numbers assigned to each document by the
court’s CM/ECF electronic filing system.
been determined by a judge or court of the United States on a prior application for a writ of
habeas corpus, except as provided in section 2255.”2 28 U.S.C. § 2244(a). “Before a second
or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant
shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to
consider the application.” Id. (b)(3)(A). “Without authorization, the district court lacks
jurisdiction to consider a second or successive petition.” United States v. Holt, 417 F.3d
1172, 1175 (11th Cir. 2005)(citing Farris v. United States, 333 F.3d 1211, 1216 (11th Cir.
2003)). “[Section] § 2244(a) applies to any petition for habeas relief attacking the legality
of the same detention, and § 2244(b)(3) requires that the petitioner obtain permission from
the court of appeals before filing any second or successive petition attacking the same
detention.” McKinney v. Warden, FCC Coleman-Medium, 870 F. Supp. 2d 1351, 1354
Section 2255(h) states:
A second or successive motion must be certified as provided in section 2244
by a panel of the appropriate court of appeals to contain –
(1) newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in light of
the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and
convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have found
the movant guilty of the offense; or
(2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on
collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously
28 U.S.C. § 2255(h)(emphasis added).
(M.D. Fla. 2012)(citing Darby v. Hawk-Sawyer, 405 F.3d 942 (11th Cir.2005)), aff'd, 562
Fed. Appx. 917 (11th Cir. 2014).
Because Moore had previously filed a § 2255 habeas petition that challenged his
conviction and sentence, he is required to have authorization from the Eleventh Circuit
before filing this successive Motion for Relief. Although Dean v. United States, 137 S. Ct.
1170 (2017), cited by Moore in his Motion for Relief, (doc. 1 at 2-3), may provide a basis
for the Eleventh Circuit’s grant of authorization to file a second or successive application,3
this decision does not excuse a petitioner from first seeking such authorization before filing
a second or successive habeas application.
Congress did not define the phrase “second or successive motion” used in § 2255(h);
however, the Supreme Court has “declined to interpret ‘second or successive’ as referring
to all § 2254 [or § 2255] applications filed second or successively in time.” Panetti v.
Quarterman, 551 U.S. 930, 944 (2007)(emphasis added); see also Stewart v. United States,
646 F.3d 856, 860 n.6 (11th Cir. 2011)(“Because of the similarities between the provisions
governing second or successive petitions under § 2254 and second or successive motions
under § 2255, precedent interpreting one of these parallel restrictions is instructive for
interpreting its counterpart.”). The Eleventh Circuit has “recognized the existence of ‘a small
subset of unavailable claims that must not be categorized as successive,’ but [Moore’s] claim
See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h)(2).
is not one of them.”4 Ellis v. United States, 593 Fed. Appx. 894, 896-97 (11th Cir.
2014)(citing Stewart, 646 F.3d at 863 (11th Cir. 2011)(petition filed after state-court
conviction used to enhance sentence was vacated was not successive)).
“To determine whether a prisoner’s petition is second or successive, [the court] must
look to whether the petitioner previously filed a federal habeas petition challenging the same
judgment.”5 Rivera v. Sec'y, Florida Dep't of Corr., No. 15-15709, 2016 WL 6677629, *1
(11th Cir. Nov. 14, 2016)(citing Insignares, 755 F.3d at 1278). A habeas petitioner,
challenging the same judgment as an earlier-filed petition that was decided on the merits,
must receive authorization from the Eleventh Circuit before filing his second or successive
habeas application for relief. Maxwell v. United States, No. 3:09-CR-38-J-32MCR, 2016
WL 345519, *2 (M.D. Fla. Jan. 28, 2016)(citing Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147, 153
(2007), Boyd v. United States, 754 F.3d 1298, 1302 (11th Cir. 2014), and United States v.
Holt, 417 F.3d 1172, 1175 (11th Cir. 2005)); see also Garcia v. United States, No. CR
04-147-CG-N, 2015 WL 5608247, *3 (S.D. Ala. Aug. 26, 2015)(“To the extent the present
motion is construed as an attack on [defendant’s] underlying conviction and sentence, that
Among the “types of collateral challenges [that] do not render subsequent habeas
petitions ‘second or successive,’” are claims that are not ripe until after the first in time
habeas petition is filed and § 2254 claims dismissed based on a failure to exhaust state
remedies. See Bond v. Sec'y of Dep't of Corr., No. 5:13-CV-274-WS/EMT, 2014 WL
3819201, *3 n.2 (N.D. Fla. Aug. 4, 2014)(citing, inter alia, Panetti, 551 U.S. at 945; Slack
v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 486-87 (2000)).
“[T]here is only one judgment, and it is comprised of both the sentence and the
conviction.” Insignares v. Sec'y, Fla. Dept. of Corr., 755 F.3d 1273, 1281 (11th Cir. 2014).
means he will have ‘twice brought claims contesting the same custody imposed by the same
judgment of [this C]ourt. As a result, under AEDPA, he [i]s required to receive authorization
from the Court of Appeals before filing his second challenge.’” (quoting Burton, 549 U.S.
at 153)), report and recommendation adopted, 2015 WL 5602446 (S.D. Ala. Sept. 21, 2015).
“This authorization is required even when, as here, a defendant asserts that his
motion is based on the existence of a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to
cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.” United
States v. Mitchell, No. 3:03CR57/LAC/CJK, 2015 WL 5635001, *2 (N.D. Fla. Aug. 20,
2015)(emphasis added), report and recommendation adopted 2015 WL 5674849 (N.D. Fla.
Sept. 22, 2015).
Because Moore has not been granted authorization to file a second or successive
petition, the court is without jurisdiction and his Motion will be denied. An Order denying
Moore’s Motion for Relief and dismissing this case will be entered contemporaneously with
this Memorandum Opinion.
CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY
Rule 11 of the Rules Governing § 2255 Proceedings, provides, “The district court
must issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters a final order adverse to the
applicant.” The applicant for § 2255 relief “cannot take an appeal unless a circuit justice or
a circuit or district judge issues a certificate of appealability under 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c).”
Fed. R. App. P. 22(b)(1). And, the “certificate of appealability may issue . . . only if the
applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 2253(c)(2)(emphasis added).
To make a substantial showing of the denial of a
constitutional right, the applicant must show “that reasonable jurists could debate whether
(or, for that matter, agree that) the petition should have been resolved in a different manner
or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further.”
Miller–El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003)(citations and internal quotations omitted).
The court lacks jurisdiction to entertain Moore’s successive habeas petition without
authorization from the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals. Reasonable jurists could not
disagree. Therefore, issuance of a certificate of appealability is not warranted in this case.
DONE this 22nd day of June, 2017.
SHARON LOVELACE BLACKBURN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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