Hunter v. Social Security Administration, Commissioner
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING 29 MOTION for Attorney Fees in the amount of $7,575.00 to be awarded to Robert A. Morgan. TERMED as MOOT 24 MOTION for Attorney Fees Under Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 406(b). Signed by Judge Virginia Emerson Hopkins on 3/27/2017. (JLC)
2017 Mar-27 PM 01:57
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
) Case No.: 7:13-CV-2142-VEH
NANCY A. BERRYHILL, ACTING )
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
On December 19, 2016, Robert A. Morgan (“Mr. Morgan”), attorney for
Plaintiff Teresa Hunter (“Ms. Hunter”), moved for an award of attorney’s fees
under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) in the amount of $18,521.02 for 20.2 hours of work.
(Doc. 29 at 1). On December 20, 2016, Mr. Morgan moved the Court to defer its
ruling on his previous 406(b) Motion because he had been informed by Ms.
Hunter that her son might have an auxiliary claim to back due benefits from which
an attorney fee could be paid. (Doc. 25). The Commissioner1 indicated to the
Nancy A. Berryhill was named the Acting Commissioner on January 23, 2017. See
https://www.ssa.gov/agency/commissioner.html. Under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), “[a]ny action
instituted in accordance with this subsection shall survive notwithstanding any change in the
person occupying the office of Commissioner of Social Security or any vacancy in such office.”
Accordingly, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) and Rule 25(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Court that she did not oppose Mr. Morgan’s motion to defer the Court’s ruling
(doc.27), and the motion was subsequently granted. (Doc. 28).
On February 20, 2017, Mr. Morgan re-filed a Motion for Attorney’s Fees
pursuant to Section 406(b). (Doc. 29). On March 2, 2017, the Commissioner filed
her response, objecting to the requested award because “[i]n light of the amount of
time Plaintiff’s counsel expended before this Court,” it would constitute a
“windfall.” (Doc. 30 at 2). The Court has undertaken its duty to independently
review the reasonableness of the fee and concludes that the fee is not reasonable.
The motion is due to be GRANTED, although the fee award will be reduced.
Subparagraph 406(b)(1)(A) provides that “[w]henever a court renders a
judgment favorable to a [represented] claimant . . . the court may determine and
allow . . . a reasonable [attorney’s fee], not in excess of 25 percent of the total of
the past-due benefits.” 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A). Where the claimant and his
attorney have executed a contingent-fee agreement, the Supreme Court has
interpreted subsection 406(b) as requiring district courts to conduct a two-step
analysis. See Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789 (2002). First, the Court
calculates whether the requested award falls “within the 25 percent limit.” Jackson
Procedure, the Court has substituted Nancy A. Berryhill for Carolyn W. Colvin in the case
caption above and HEREBY DIRECTS the clerk to do the same party substitution on CM/ECF.
v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 601 F.3d 1268, 1271 (11th Cir. 2010). If so, the agreement
is presumptively reasonable. In step two, the Court must consider whether “the fee
sought is [actually] reasonable for the services rendered,” Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at
807, and, if not, the presumption is overcome. Where the presumption is
overcome, the Court may award a fee that is reasonable in its judgment. See id.
The standard set out in Gisbrecht is a framework that has been subsequently
bolstered by Courts of Appeals.2 “[C]ourts may reduce the requested fee if the
representation has been substandard, if the attorney has been responsible for delay,
or if the benefits are large in comparison to the amount of time the attorney spent
on the case.” Jackson, 601 F.3d at 1271 (citation omitted). Substandard
representation, among other things, includes a complaint “submitted on boilerplate
pleadings,” where “no issues of material fact are present,” and where “no legal
research is apparent.” Rodriquez v. Bowen, 865 F.2d 739, 747 (6th Cir. 1989).
The reasonable fee reflects an enhancement, compared to the market rate for
similar work, based on the risk of non-payment, because “payment for an attorney
in a social security case is inevitably uncertain.” Wells v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d 367,
370–71 (2d Cir. 1990). On the other hand, the quality of counsel and hours
Gisbrecht resolved a circuit split over whether contingency agreements or the lodestar
method were the appropriate means of determining attorney’s fees under the Social Security Act.
expended are weak factors for assessing an award’s reasonableness; they “bear
little if any relationship to the results [i.e., award amount] achieved.” Rodriquez,
865 F.2d at 747. But the award must not be so disproportionate to the work
performed that it gives the perception that counsel has won the Social Security
lottery. McGuire v. Sullivan, 873 F.2d 974, 981 (7th Cir. 1989) (prohibiting a
“windfall”); cf. Perdue v. Kenny A. ex rel. Winn, 559 U.S. 542, 559 (2010) (fee
shifting statutes do not exist to enrich counsel).
Certain policy considerations should also inform the Court’s judgment.
Section 406 was enacted “to encourage effective legal representation of claimants
by insuring lawyers that they will receive reasonable fees.” Dawson v. Finch, 425
F.2d 1192, 1195 (5th Cir. 1970).3 Contingent fees, in particular, “provide a
critical incentive for able attorneys to practice in the social security field.” Wells,
907 F.2d at 371. At the same time, the Court’s review is the only defense for
claimants, see Bergen v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 454 F.3d 1273, 1276 (11th Cir.
2006), against the gutting of their statutory entitlement by the “specialized SocialSecurity bar [that] charges uniform contingent fees (the statutory maximum of
This is binding authority in the Eleventh Circuit. See Bonner v. City of Prichard, Ala.,
661 F.2d 1206 (11th Cir. 1981) (decisions of the former Fifth Circuit handed down prior to the
close of business on September 30, 1981, are binding on all federal courts in the Eleventh
25%), which are presumably presented . . . on a take-it-or-leave-it-basis.”
Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 812 (Scalia, J., dissenting).
Applying the above-stated principles, the Court finds a valid contingent fee
agreement set at or below the statutory maximum contingency. (Doc. 29-1).
Proceeding to step two, Mr. Morgan included an itemization of the hours he
worked on the case, cumulating in a total of 20.2 hours. (Doc. 29-7). As for the
attorney’s fee, $22,353.70,4 divided over 20.2 hours, comes out to approximately
$1,106.62 per hour. (Doc. 30 at 5). This is a windfall. The Court is of the opinion
that $250 per hour is a more accurate reflection of the market rate in this district
for this kind of work, and the plaintiff’s filings were average quality compared to
the Social Security filings in this district. A rate of $250 per hour, multiplied by
Mr. Morgan argues that the reasonableness of his 406(b) attorneys fee request should be
assessed after subtracting his previously-received EAJA fee. In his calculation, the Court would
take $28,353.70, which amounts to 25% of Ms. Hunter’s past due benefits plus the attorney’s fee
from her son’s past due benefits (doc. 29-4), and then subtract both $6,000 (the fee Mr. Morgan
has already collected for services rendered at the administrative level, (doc. 29-5)) and $3,832.68
in EAJA fees (doc. 29-6). As the Commissioner points out, however, the reasonableness of Mr.
Morgan’s 406(b) attorneys fees should be calculated prior to the subtraction of the EAJA fee. See
(Doc. 30 at 2 n.2) (internal citations omitted) (“Plaintiff’s counsel states he is requesting an
award of $18,521.02, but in fact, he is requesting an award of $22,353.70, and then deducting
[his EAJA fee] in order to effectuate repayment of that money to Plaintiff. To the extent
Plaintiff’s counsel argues that the reasonableness of his fee should be determined after netting
any EAJA fee award, his argument fails as he has cited no authority to support his position.”);
see also Jackson v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 601 F.3d 1268, 1271-74 (11th Cir. 2010). Even under
Mr. Morgan’s calculation, however, his fee request of $18,521.02, divided over 20.2 hours,
would amount to an hourly rate of approximately $916.89 per hour. (Doc. 29 at 5). This is an
unreasonable windfall for the services rendered.
20.2 hours, totals $5,050.00. Taking into account the required enhancement for the
uncertainty of recovery, $7,575.00 appears to be a reasonable figure.
Accordingly, the Motion (doc. 29) is GRANTED as modified. It is
ORDERED that attorney’s fees in the amount of $7,575.00 be awarded to Robert
A. Morgan. Mr. Morgan’s first Motion for Section 406(b) attorneys fees (doc. 24)
is hereby TERMED as MOOT.
DONE and ORDERED this 27th day of March, 2017.
VIRGINIA EMERSON HOPKINS
United States District Judge
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