Glover v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION. Signed by Judge L Scott Coogler on 7/1/2015. (PSM)
2015 Jul-01 PM 01:42
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
ANTONIO DEVAL GLOVER,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, )
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION
This is a motion to vacate, set aside, or correct a sentence pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 2255, filed by Petitioner Antonio Deval Glover on March 2, 2015. (Doc.
1.) Glover contemporaneously filed a brief in support of this motion. (Doc. 2.) He
challenges his 160-month sentence resulting from his pleading guilty to a carjacking
charge under 18 U.S.C. § 2119. For the reasons set forth below, his § 2255 motion
is due to be denied.
Glover pleaded guilty to carjacking on November 30, 2010, stemming from an
event where he used a box cutter to force the victim into the passenger seat and
then out of her car after biting her ear and beating her head. He also made the
victim’s two young children get out of the car in traffic, and proceeded to drive the
victim’s car to Florida. Glover was sentenced to serve 160 months in prison
followed by 36 months of supervised release. Judgment was entered on March 25,
2011. (Cr. Doc. 26).
Glover timely appealed based on reasonableness grounds. On August 6, 2012,
the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the district court’s decision. (Cr.
Doc. 39). Noting that the court used the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors appropriately
in determining the 160-month sentence, the Eleventh Circuit held the conviction
was reasonable procedurally, but also substantively, emphasizing Glover’s previous
record, which contains convictions for domestic violence, harassment, resisting
arrest, and assault. Due to the seriousness of his offense, the Eleventh Circuit held
that a sentence within the guideline range was appropriate to “reflect the
seriousness of the offense, to promote respect for the law, to provide just
punishment, to deter Glover from further criminal activity, and to protect the
public.” (Cr. Doc. 39 at 4-5.) The judgment on appeal was entered on September
10, 2012. Glover did not file a petition for certiorari, making his judgment final for
purposes of waging a collateral attack on December 10, 2012, ninety days after the
Two and a half years later, on March 2, 2015, Glover filed the instant pro se §
2255 motion in this Court. He asserts one ground for his relief: that new legal
authority indicates that his 160-month sentence is too severe. (Doc. 1-2 in this
Glover failed to file his § 2255 motion within the one year limitation period
beginning the on the date the judgment of his conviction became final; therefore,
his motion is untimely. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(1); see also Clay v. United States, 537
U.S. 522, 525 (2003) (stating “a judgment of conviction becomes final when the
time expires for filing a petition for certiorari contesting the appellate court’s
affirmation of the conviction”). Glover concedes that his motion is untimely and
has requested the Government to waive this defense. The Government refuses and
consequently requests this petition be dismissed. (Doc. 4 in this action.)
Under § 2255, the time limitation may be longer than one year after
judgment becomes final if the Supreme Court has recognized a new right that is
asserted by the petitioner. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(3). However, the one-year time
limitation in § 2255(f)(3) for a motion based on a new rule of law starts on the date
“which the right asserted was originally recognized by the Supreme Court” and
only applies in cases where the right is not only newly recognized but also made
applicable retroactively to cases on collateral review. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(3);
Dodd v. United States, 545 U.S. 353, 358-59 (2005).
Glover cannot avail himself of § 2255(f)(3). Glover bases his “new legal
authority” on United States v. Holloway, a decision out of the Eastern District of
New York. See Nos. 95-CR-78 (JG), 01-CV-1017 (JG), 2014 WL 3734269
(E.D.N.Y. July 28, 2014.) Specifically, Glover claims he is entitled to resentencing
because the district judge in Holloway vacated two of the defendant’s convictions
on collateral review. In Holloway, the district judge requested that the United
States Attorney exercise her discretion to agree to an order vacating two of the
carjacking convictions; she complied with the court’s request and agreed to the
order. Id. at *3. Glover asserts he is entitled to the same result and that his 160month sentence is too severe. The new legal authority Glover uses in support of his
motion is not a newly recognized right from the Supreme Court that has been made
retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review. Glover fails to assert a new
legal authority that justifies vacating or lessening his sentence.
Because Glover does not meet the criteria for using a new rule of law as
defined in 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(3), his motion is time-barred, as the limitation
period for § 2255 ran from the date his conviction became final. Clay, 537 U.S. at
524. The motion is due to be denied and this action dismissed with prejudice.
A separate order consistent with this opinion will be entered.
DONE and ORDERED on July 1, 2015.
L. Scott Coogler
United States District Judge
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