Hatton v. Barnhart
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER entered re 22 Motion for Attorney Fees. It is ORDERED, without objection from Defendant, that Plaintiff's attorney's Motion for Authorization of Attorney's Fees be and is hereby GRANTED and that Plaintiff 's attorney be and is hereby AWARDED a fee in the amount of$6,939.50 for his services before this Court. It is FURTHER ORDERED that Mr. Laden pay to Plaintiff the sum of $2,791.73, which sum represents the EAJA fee he was paid. Signed by Magistrate Judge Bert W. Milling, Jr on 10/17/08. (clr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA SOUTHERN DIVISION MARY K. HATTON, Plaintiff, vs. MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant. : : : : : : : : : : :
CIVIL ACTION 06-0851-M
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER This action is before the Court on Plaintiff's attorney's Motion for Authorization of Attorney's Fees Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) (Doc. 22), Notice of Filing Attachments to Motion for Authorization of Attorney's Fees Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) (Doc. 23), and Defendant's response thereto, in which he does not object to the Motion (Doc. 24). After consideration of all
pertinent materials in the file, it is ORDERED, without objection by the Government, that Plaintiff's attorney's Motion for Authorization of Attorney Fees be GRANTED and that Plaintiff's attorney, Gilbert B. Laden, be AWARDED a fee of $6,939.50 for his services before this Court and that Mr. Laden pay to Plaintiff the sum of $2,791.73, which sum represents the fees previously awarded pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA). Mr. Laden has been Plaintiff's appointed representative since 2004 and has pursued her claims for Disability Insurance Benefits and Supplemental Security Income after her claims were denied at
the administrative level.
At that time, it was agreed that Mr.
Laden would receive twenty-five percent of past-due benefits paid to Plaintiff. A written contingent fee agreement was executed by
Plaintiff on November 21, 2006 (Doc. 23-2). For the past approximately 4 years, counsel has prosecuted Plaintiff's claims before both the Social Security Administration (SSA) and this Court. Plaintiff filed applications for Disability
Insurance Benefits and Supplemental Security Income, which applications were denied following a hearing by an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ). Plaintiff requested review of the hearing After denial
decision by the Appeals Council but it was denied.
of her applications by the SSA, Plaintiff filed this action on December 14, 2006, for judicial review of that decision (Doc. 1). See 42 U.S.C. §405(g). The parties filed their Proposed Reports and Recommendation and the Court held oral argument on June 18, 2007. The Court,
after oral argument, entered a Memorandum Opinion and Order and Judgment, reversing the decision of the Commissioner and remanding this action for further administrative proceedings not inconsistent with the orders of this Court (Docs. 16, 17). The Social Security Administration issued a Notice of Award dated June 1, 2008 (Doc. 23-3), stating that twenty-five percent (25%) of the past-due benefits was withheld for payment of attorney fees. Mr. Laden received a check in the amount of 2
$5,221.00 in administrative attorney fees based on the fee agreement between counsel and Plaintiff (the approved fee was $5,300.00 less the user fee of $79.00). Mr. Laden requests a fee
in the amount of $6,939.50 for his services before this Court. This sum, when added to the $5,300.00 administrative attorney fee, amounts to $12,239.50 and equals twenty-five percent of Plaintiff's past-due benefits. On September 2, 2008, Mr. Laden filed the pending Motion for Authorization of Attorney's Fees Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) for services before this Court, requesting approval of a fee in the amount of $6,939.50 (Docs. 22, 23). Mr. Laden spent a total
of 17.2 hours before this Court and has represented Plaintiff before this Court since 2006, when the complaint for judicial review was filed, without compensation for his time spent before this Court (Doc. 1). fee (Doc. 24). On June 6, 2007, counsel filed their Consent to the Exercise of Jurisdiction by a United States Magistrate Judge to "conduct any and all proceedings in this case ... and conduct all postjudgment proceedings" (Doc. 14) and, by Order dated June 11, 2007, Judge Steele referred this action to the undersigned (Doc. 15). Section 206(b) of the Social Security Act, codified at 42 U.S.C. § 406(b), provides that when a court renders a favorable judgment to a Social Security claimant "[w]ho was represented 3 Defendant has no objection to the requested
before the court by an attorney, the court may determine and allow as part of its judgment a reasonable fee for such representation, not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled by reason of such judgment[.]" 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A).1 The fee is payable "out of, and not in Ibid.
addition to, the amount of [the] past-due benefits."
Section 406(b) thus "provides for contingent fees to be charged to the client, with the amount to be set by the district court subject to a statutory maximum." Watford v. Heckler, 765 F.2d
1562, 1566 (11th Cir. 1985)(citations omitted)(emphasis in original); see Meyer v. Sullivan, 958 F.2d 1029, 1035 n.12 (11th Cir. 1992) (the total amount of attorney's fees that may be awarded under the Act is limited to twenty-five percent of the past-due benefits awarded). Eleventh Circuit precedent, see Kay v. Apfel, 176 F.3d 1322 (11th Cir. 1999), abrogated by Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 122 S.Ct. 1817(2002)(decided May 28, 2002), previously required the "lodestar" method, under which the number of hours reasonably devoted to the action was multiplied by a reasonable hourly fee, to be the starting point and centerpiece for the courts in calculating reasonable § 406(b) fees.
The existence of a
"When a claimant receives a favorable administrative decision following a remand of a case by the district court to the secretary, the district court may award attorney's fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)." Rohrich v. Bowen, 796 F.2d 1030, 1031 (8th Cir. 1986) (citations omitted). 4
contingent-fee agreement was just one of a number of different factors to be considered in adjusting the lodestar amount upward or downward. Id. at 1327.
The Supreme Court in Gisbrecht, in resolving the division among the circuits on the appropriate method of calculating fees under § 406(b), concluded that Congress designed § 406(b) to control, not to displace, fee agreements between Social Security benefit claimants and their counsel, Id. at 1817, and that "§ 406(b) does not displace contingent-fee agreements as the primary means by which fees are set for successfully representing Social Security benefits claimants in court. Rather, § 406(b) calls for
court review of such arrangements as an independent check, to assure that they yield reasonable results in particular cases". Id. at 1828. Congress has provided one boundary line: Agreements
are unenforceable to the extent that they provide for fees exceeding twenty-five percent of the past-due benefits. Within
the twenty-five percent boundary, the attorney for the successful claimant must show that the fee sought is reasonable for the services rendered. Id. at 1828.
The fees provided for in 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) are in addition to those provided in § 406(a), which states that the Commissioner may award attorney's fees, to a successful claimant's attorney for work performed before the Social Security Administration. Fees
awarded pursuant to § 406(a) and § 406(b) are awarded in addition 5
to any attorney's fees a claimant's attorney may receive pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412(EAJA), if the Commissioner's position before the Court was not "substantially justified." Gisbrecht, 122 S.Ct. at 1822.
In order to avoid a double recovery of attorney's fees, a claimant's attorney who is awarded attorney's fees under § 406(b) and the EAJA must refund the lesser amount to his or her client. Id. at 1822. By Order and Judgment entered September 18, 2007
(Docs. 20, 21), the Commissioner was ordered to pay counsel for Plaintiff the amount of $2,791.73 in fees pursuant to EAJA. In
the instant petition, Mr. Laden requests the Court to include in its order a provision that he pay to Plaintiff the sum of $2,791.73. In the present Motion for Authorization of Attorney's
Fees Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b), Mr. Laden acknowledges that an attorney's fee awarded under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) is subject to a dollar-for-dollar offset by previous attorney's fees awarded under EAJA, which in this instance is $2,791.73. The Supreme Court in Gisbrecht did not set out the specific factors that the district courts are to consider when reviewing fees yielded by a contingent-fee agreement but it did cite with approval the opinions of courts in several circuits that give effect to the contingent-fee agreements, if the resulting fee is reasonable. Courts that approach fee determinations by looking first to the contingent-fee 6
agreement, then testing it for reasonableness, have appropriately reduced the attorney's recovery based on the character of the representation and the results the representative achieved. See, e.g., McGuire V. Sullivan, 873 F.2d 974, 983 (C.A.7 1989) ("Although the contingency agreement should be given significant weight in fixing a fee, a district judge must independently assess the reasonableness of its terms."); Lewis v. Secretary of Health and Human Servs., 707 F.2d 246, 249-250 (C.A.6 1983)(instructing reduced fee when representation is substandard). If the attorney is responsible for delay, for example, a reduction is in order so that the attorney will not profit from the accumulation of benefits during the pendency of the case in court. See Rodriguez v. Bowen, 865 F.2d 739, 746-747 (C.A.6 1989). If the benefits are large in comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case, a downward adjustment is similarly in order. See id., at 747 (reviewing court should disallow "windfalls for lawyers"); Wells v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d 367, 372 (C.A.2 1990)(same). In this regard, the court may require the claimant's attorney to submit, not as a basis for satellite litigation, but as an aid to the court's assessment of the reasonableness of the fee yielded by the fee agreement, a record of the hours spent representing the claimant and a statement of the lawyer's normal hourly billing charge for noncontingent-fee cases. See Rodriguez, 865 F.2d at 741. Judges of our district courts are accustomed to making reasonableness determinations in a wide variety of contexts, and their assessments in such matters, in the event of an appeal, ordinarily qualify for highly respectful review. 122 S.Ct. at 1828-1829. A contingent-fee arrangement is unreasonable where the contingency percentage is over the twenty-five percent cap, where 7
there is evidence of fraud or overreaching in making the agreement, or where the requested amount is so large as to be a windfall to the attorney. Wells, 907 F.2d at 372. A district
court, upon finding the contingent-fee agreement provides for an unreasonable fee, may reduce the fee provided it states reasons for and the amount of the reduction. Id. at 372.
Therefore, it appears that the Supreme Court intends the district courts to give great deference to the contingent-fee agreements and to uphold them if the fees produced by them are reasonable. Factors that may be considered in reviewing for
reasonableness are (1) the character of representation; (2) the result achieved by the attorney; (3) any delay caused by the attorney; (4) the amount of benefits relative to the time spent on the action such that the attorney receives a windfall; (5) fraud or overreaching in making the agreement and (6) the requested fee does not exceed twenty-five percent of past-due benefits. After reviewing the fee petition and the file, including Defendant's response, in light of the guidance provided by Gisbrecht and the opinions cited above, the Court finds that Mr. Laden has diligently represented Plaintiff since 2006 in this Court and has been successful in obtaining past-due benefits for Plaintiff. There is no evidence that Mr. Laden contributed to
any undue delay in this action, either before the Commissioner or 8
before this Court, nor evidence of any fraud or overreaching in procuring or making the contingent-fee agreement. Plaintiff has
signed a fee agreement, in which he agrees to the fee being requested by Mr. Laden. The total fee requested does not exceed
twenty-five percent of past-due benefits and comports with Plaintiff's contingent-fee agreement with his attorney. requested fee is not so large as to be a windfall or unreasonable. The Court finds that the requested fee of The
$6,939.50 is reasonable for the services rendered before this Court. Therefore, it is ORDERED, without objection from Defendant, that Plaintiff's attorney's Motion for Authorization of Attorney's Fees be and is hereby GRANTED and that Plaintiff's attorney be and is hereby AWARDED a fee in the amount of $6,939.50 for his services before this Court. It is FURTHER
ORDERED that Mr. Laden pay to Plaintiff the sum of $2,791.73, which sum represents the EAJA fee he was paid. DONE this 17th day of October, 2008. s/BERT W. MILLING, JR. UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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