Essex Insurance Company v. Foley et al
Order directing the Clerk to enter a default against Water's Edge, LLC on all claims asserted by the plaintiff. In light of the pendency of plaintiff's claims against the remaining defendants, no default judgment will be entered against Water's Edge until those remaining claims have been resolved. Signed by Chief Judge William H. Steele on 11/16/2011. Copy mailed to Water's Edge. (tgw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
ESSEX INSURANCE COMPANY,
MICHAEL E. FOLEY, et al.,
CIVIL ACTION 10-0511-WS-M
This matter comes before the Court sua sponte.
Review of the court file reveals that defendant Water’s Edge, LLC, has abandoned its
defense of this action and has disregarded multiple court orders. Specifically, on July 25, 2011,
Magistrate Judge Milling entered an Order (doc. 49) requiring Water’s Edge to retain new
counsel on or before August 8, 2011. Water’s Edge neither complied nor responded in any way.
On October 31, 2011, the undersigned entered an Order (doc. 64) stating, in part, as follows:
“Water’s Edge is ordered to show cause, on or before November 10, 2011, why default should
not be entered against it as a sanction for its persistent failure / refusal to comply with court
orders. If Water’s Edge fails to respond in a timely manner, default will be entered against it
immediately.” (Doc. 64, at 14.)1 To date, Water’s Edge has neither responded to the October 31
Order, nor otherwise appeared, requested an enlargement of time, or shown any inclination to
abide by judicial directives in this case.
The law is clear in this Circuit that “[a] district court need not tolerate defiance of
reasonable orders.” Equity Lifestyle Properties, Inc. v. Florida Mowing and Landscape Service,
The Clerk of Court mailed a copy of the October 31 Order to Water’s Edge at the
address furnished by its former counsel prior to its July 2011 withdrawal. There is no reason to
believe that this transmission was not successful, as that mailing has not been returned as
undeliverable by the United States Postal Service. By all appearances, then, Water’s Edge is
deliberately, intentionally disregarding court orders, and has done so for nearly five months.
Inc., 556 F.3d 1232, 1240 (11th Cir. 2009). Both the July 25 and October 31 Orders were
eminently reasonable and well-grounded in law, yet Water’s Edge simply ignored them, despite
having been warned in the clearest of terms of the dire consequences of doing so. Such dilatory
and contumacious conduct warrants the imposition of sanctions. “A court may impose sanctions
for litigation misconduct under its inherent power.” Eagle Hosp. Physicians, LLC v. SRG
Consulting, Inc., 561 F.3d 1298, 1306 (11th Cir. 2009); see also Martin v. Automobili
Lamborghini Exclusive, Inc., 307 F.3d 1332, 1335 (11th Cir. 2002) (“Courts have the inherent
authority to control the proceedings before them, which includes the authority to impose
‘reasonable and appropriate’ sanctions.”). Moreover, “[w]hile modern courts do not favor
default judgments, they are certainly appropriate when the adversary process has been halted
because of an essentially unresponsive party.” Atlantic Recording Corp. v. Ellison, 506 F.
Supp.2d 1022, 1025-26 (S.D. Ala. 2007) (citation omitted); see also Disney Enterprises, Inc. v.
Delane, 446 F. Supp.2d 402, 405 (D. Md. 2006) (similar).
Of course, the sanction of entry of default is not to be invoked lightly. Rather, it may be
imposed “only as a last resort, when less drastic sanctions would not ensure compliance with the
court’s orders.” Eagle Hosp., 561 F.3d at 1306; see also In re Sunshine Jr. Stores, Inc., 456 F.3d
1291, 1306 (11th Cir. 2006) (“The severe sanction of a dismissal or default judgment is
appropriate only as a last resort, when less drastic sanctions would not ensure compliance with
the court’s orders.”) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). After careful consideration,
the Court finds that this sanction is warranted here.
“The key to unlocking a court’s inherent power is a finding of bad faith.” Peer v. Lewis,
606 F.3d 1306, 1316 (11th Cir. 2010) (citation omitted). But a party may demonstrate such bad
faith “by delaying or disrupting the litigation or hampering enforcement of a court order,” which
is precisely what Water’s Edge has done here. In re Walker, 532 F.3d 1304, 1309 (11th Cir.
2008) (citation omitted). Furthermore, it is well established that “[a] court has the power to enter
default judgment when a defendant fails to defend its case appropriately or otherwise engages in
dilatory tactics,” such as where “the adversary process has been halted because of an essentially
unresponsive party.” Carpenters Labor-Management Pension Fund v. Freeman-Carder LLC,
498 F. Supp.2d 237, 240 (D.D.C. 2007) (“citations omitted); see also Virgin Records America,
Inc. v. Lacey, 510 F. Supp.2d 588, 590-91 (S.D. Ala. 2007) (“a district court has the authority to
enter default judgment for failure … to comply with its orders or rules of procedure”) (citation
omitted). Again, this description is an apt summary of Water’s Edge’s course of conduct, such
that the sanction of entry of default is both available and appropriate here.
In short, it is the finding of this Court that Water’s Edge’s bad faith and contumacious
conduct, as described above, warrants entry of default against it and that lesser sanctions would
be inadequate. Accordingly, the Clerk of Court is directed to enter a default against Water’s
Edge, LLC, on all claims asserted by plaintiff herein.
In light of the pendency of plaintiff’s claims against the remaining defendants, which
claims involve the same insurance coverage issues joined against the defaulted defendant, no
default judgment will be entered against Water’s Edge until those remaining claims have been
resolved. See generally Gulf Coast Fans, Inc. v. Midwest Electronics Importers, Inc., 740 F.2d
1499, 1512 (11th Cir. 1984) (“even when defendants are similarly situated, but not jointly liable,
judgment should not be entered against a defaulting defendant if the other defendant prevails on
the merits”). At that time, the Court will entertain a properly filed motion for default judgment
by Essex, which motion must specify with particularity the form of default judgment sought.
The Clerk of Court is directed to mail a copy of this Order to Water’s Edge, LLC, c/o
Billy Parks, 8971 Foxtail Loop, Pensacola, FL 32526-3235. Water’s Edge is cautioned that,
in light of its defaulted status, it is not entitled to, and will not receive, any further notice of
these proceedings, absent prompt affirmative steps on its part to set aside the default
pursuant to Rule 55(b), Fed.R.Civ.P.
DONE and ORDERED this 16th day of November, 2011.
s/ WILLIAM H. STEELE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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