United States of America v. The Contents of Bank of America
ORDER DENYING Compu-Cell, LLC's 45 Motion to File an Amended Answer as set out. Signed by Judge Callie V. S. Granade on 8/23/2012. (tot) Modified on 8/24/2012 (tot).
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
The Contents of Bank of America
Account No. 9163 in the name of
Compu-Cell, LLC, including and
up to $50,000.00,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 10-0560-CG-B
This matter is before the court on the motion of Compu-Cell, LLC, to file an
amended answer (Doc. 45), plaintiff’s opposition thereto (Doc. 48), and Compu-Cell’s
reply (Doc. 49). For reasons that will be explained below, the court finds that
Compu-Cell has not shown “good cause” for allowing it to file an amended answer.
Therefore, Compu-Cell’s motion to amend will be denied.
Compu-Cell seeks to amend its answer to include the affirmative defense that
Compu-Cell is the innocent owner of the funds seized by the Government. Under
the Rule 16(b) Scheduling Order, the deadline for moving for leave to amend the
pleadings expired on December 16, 2011, over eight months before plaintiff filed its
current motion. (Doc. 22). Although motions for amendment of pleadings are
ordinarily governed by the liberal amendment policy embodied in FED. R. CIV. P.
15(a), the more stringent Rule 16(b) test applies where, as here, the request for
amendment postdates the applicable scheduling order deadline. See Millennium
Partners, L.P. v. Colmar Storage, LLC, 494 F.3d 1293, 1299 (11th Cir. 2007) (“If we
considered only Rule 15(a) without regard to Rule 16(b), we would render
scheduling orders meaningless and effectively would read Rule 16(b) and its good
cause requirement out of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.”) (citation omitted);
Smith v. School Bd. of Orange County, 487 F.3d 1361, 1367 (11th Cir. 2007)
(“despite Smith's argument on appeal that the district court should have granted
his motion to amend his complaint in accordance with ... Rule 15(a), Smith still had
to comply with Rule 16(b)'s good cause requirement because he filed his motion to
amend” after the scheduling order deadline).
Compu-Cell seeks to amend its answer after the expiration of the Rule 16(b)
deadline; therefore, it is effectively asking to amend the Scheduling Order. But the
rule is clear that such scheduling order deadlines “may be modified only for good
cause and with the judge's consent.” FED. R. CIV. P. 16(b)(4). The “good cause”
standard “precludes modification unless the schedule cannot be met despite the
diligence of the party seeking the extension.” Sosa v. Airprint Systems, Inc., 133
F.3d 1417, 1418 (11th Cir. 1998); see also Romero v. Drummond Co., 552 F.3d 1303,
1319 (11th Cir. 2008) (“To establish good cause, the party seeking the extension
must have been diligent.”). This rule is strictly enforced. See Will–Burn Recording
& Pub. Co. v. Universal Music Group Records, 2009 WL 1118944, *2 n. 5 (S.D. Ala.
Apr. 27, 2009) (“Particularly where a nonmovant objects to a proposed amendment
as untimely under the applicable scheduling order, this Court has strictly applied
the Rule 16(b) ‘good cause’ standard to belated amendments to the pleadings.”).
Plaintiff asserts that the Government knew that it intended to assert that it
was an innocent owner and, therefore, that the Government will suffer no prejudice.
However, even if Compu-Cell is correct, the standard for allowing an amendment
after the Rule 16(b) deadline has expired is “good cause,” not lack of prejudice.
Compu-Cell was not diligent since it knew of the affirmative offense before the
deadline. See Wolk v. Kodak Imaging Network, Inc., 840 F.Supp.2d 724, 735 (S.D.
N.Y. Jan. 3, 2012) (“The good cause standard is not satisfied when the proposed
amendment rests on information that the party knew, or should have known, in
advance of the deadline.”) (citation omitted); Kendall v. Thaxton Road LLC, 443
Fed.Appx. 388, 393 (11th Cir. Sept. 7, 2011) (no good cause for untimely amendment
where “the facts with which Kendall wished to amend his complaint were known to
Kendall at the time he filed his initial complaint”). This case is set for trial in
September and the proposed joint pretrial document (Doc. 47), has already been
filed with the court. Even if the Government had anticipated that Compu-Cell
might assert the affirmative defense, it could not fully defend against it because it
had not, in fact, been asserted. As the Government argues, if the affirmative
offense had been asserted, it would have explored the issue further and would have
had the opportunity to file a motion for summary judgment. Discovery closed on
May 31, 2012 and the time for filing dispositive motions expired on June 15, 2012.
(Doc. 29). Additionally, the Government states that it would be required to bring
additional witnesses and exhibits to trial to refute the defense. Even if no
additional discovery was needed, allowing the amendment at this late date would
still require a delay in the proceeding to allow the Government an opportunity to
fully oppose the affirmative defense.
Compu-Cell contends that its failure to assert the affirmative defense earlier
is the result of “excusable neglect.” However, courts in this circuit have refused to
allow amendments where the movant claims excusable neglect but cannot show
diligence. See Sosa v. Airprint Sys. Inc., 133 F.3d 1417, 1418 n. 2 (11th Cir.1998)
(quoting FED.R.CIV.P. 16 advisory committee's note and rejecting excusable neglect
standard); Ball v. UNUM Group Corp., 2011 WL 2224784, *2 (M.D. Ala. June 8,
2011) (“The Defendants do not purport to have acted diligently, but instead merely
state that their conduct in failing to timely-amend was excusable neglect.
Accordingly, the Defendants in this case have not met their burden to show good
cause, and their motions are due to be DENIED on that basis.”); Ex rel. Miller v.
Thrifty Rent–A–Car System, Inc., 609 F.Supp.2d 1235, 1252 (M.D. Fla. 2009)
(“when a party files a motion for leave to amend a pleading after the relevant
scheduling order deadline has passed, the party must demonstrate both good cause
and excusable neglect for the untimely motion”). Since Compu-Cell has not
demonstrated good cause, its claim of excusable neglect does not adequately support
its motion for leave to amend at this late date.
For the reasons stated above, plaintiff’s motion for leave to file an amended
answer (Doc. 45), is DENIED.
DONE and ORDERED this day of August, 2012
/s/ Callie V. S. Granade
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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