Pennsylvania National Mutual Casualty Insurance Company v. Brasfield & Gorrie, LLC
Order denying 22 Application to Clerk for Entry of Default against Willard Rogers Painting Contractors, Inc. filed by Pennsylvania National Mutual Casualty Insurance Company. Signed by Judge Kristi K. DuBose on 9/8/2011. (sdb)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
PENNSYLVANIA NATIONAL MUTUAL
CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY,
BRASFIELD & GORRIE, L.L. C., and
WILLARD ROGERS PAINTING
) CIVIL ACTION NO. 11-00062-KD-N
This action is before the Court on the request for Clerk’s Entry of Default Against
Willard Rogers Painting Contractors, Inc. (Willard) (doc. 22). In support, Pennsylvania National
Mutual Casualty Insurance Company (Pennsylvania), filed a copy of the certified mail return
receipt for the service of the summons and complaint upon defendant Willard (doc. 22-1, p. 3).
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide for service upon “an officer, a managing or
general agent, or any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of
process. . .” for the corporate defendant Willard. Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(h)(1)(B). Also, service may
be made in any manner prescribed by state law for serving a summons in an action brought in the
state courts where the district court is located. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(h)(1)(A). Under the
Alabama Rules of Civil Procedure, Pennsylvania could perfect service of process upon Willard
“by serving an officer, a partner (other than a limited partner), a managing or general agent, or
any agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process.” Ala. R. Civ. P.
4(c)(6). Also, the Alabama Rules allow service of process by certified mail rather than personal
delivery to the agent. See Ala. R. Civ. P. 4(i)(2)(A).
The summons and complaint were addressed to “Willard Rogers Painting c/o Anthony
Rogers”, and the return receipt was signed by “Michelle Dyson”. However, there is no
evidence before the Court as to the status of Michelle Dyson. Inquiring into the status of
Michelle Dyson is necessary because the law is well-settled that “[g]enerally, where service of
process is insufficient, the court has no power to render judgment and the judgment is void.” In
re Worldwide Web Systems, Inc., 328 F.3d 1291, 1299 (11th Cir. 2003). Since, “[s]ervice of
process is a jurisdictional requirement: a court lacks jurisdiction over the person of a defendant
when that defendant has not been served.” Hemispherx Biopharma, Inc. v. Johannesburg Consol.
Investments, 553 F.3d 1351, 1360 (11th Cir. 2008) (citation omitted). Moreover, because
defaults are disfavored, “the district court has an affirmative duty to look into its jurisdiction over
both the subject matter and the parties. ... A court cannot obtain personal jurisdiction over a party
without proper service of process.” D’Onofrio v. Il Mattino, 430 F. Supp.2d 431, 437-38 (E.D.
Pa. 2006) (citations omitted).
Accordingly, because Pennsylvania has failed to provide any information regarding the
relationship or status of Michelle Dyson to the corporate defendant Willard, Pennsylvania’s
Request for Clerk’s Entry of Default (doc. 22) is DENIED at this time.
DONE and ORDERED this 8th day of September, 2011.
/s/ Kristi K. DuBose
KRISTI K. DuBOSE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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