Robertson v. Astrue
Order that Commissioner's final decision is upheld. Judgment shll be entered in favor of defendant. Signed by Magistrate Judge Katherine P. Nelson on 12/12/2011. (srr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
TINA M. ROBERTSON,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE, Commissioner
Of Social Security,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 11-0205-N
Plaintiff appeals an adverse decision of the Commissioner denying plaintiff’s claim for a
period of disability, disability insurance benefits and supplemental security income. (Doc. 1)
The parties have waived oral argument (doc. 17) and have consented to the exercise of
jurisdiction by the undersigned (doc. 18). This case has been referred to the undersigned by the
District Judge (doc. 18). Upon review of the record and the briefs of the parties (docs. 13, 14),
the court finds that the Commissioner’s decision is due to be AFFIRMED.
Plaintiff filed for benefits on April 4, 2007, alleging disability beginning on November
Following a denial at the initial stage, she requested a hearing before an
Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”).
Plaintiff was thirty-six years of age at the time of her
hearing on December 3, 2008. The ALJ issued an unfavorable decision on December 24, 2008.
The ALJ determined, in sum, that plaintiff had two severe impairments—back pain and panic
disorder1—but that plaintiff could perform the full range of sedentary work, and thus was not
disabled. Plaintiff timely sought review by the Appeals Council, which denied review on March
23, 2011, rendering the decision of the ALJ the final decision of the Commissioner.
Scope of Judicial Review
A limited scope of judicial review applies to a denial of Social Security benefits by the
Commissioner. Judicial review of the administrative decision addresses three questions: (1)
whether the proper legal standards were applied; (2) whether there was substantial evidence to
support the findings of fact; and (3) whether the findings of fact resolved the crucial issues.
Washington v. Astrue, 558 F.Supp.2d 1287, 1296 (N.D.Ga. 2008); Fields v. Harris, 498 F.Supp.
478, 488 (N.D.Ga. 1980). This Court may not decide the facts anew, reweigh the evidence, or
substitute its judgment for that of the Commissioner. If substantial evidence supports the
Commissioner's factual findings and the Commissioner applies the proper legal standards, the
Commissioner's findings are conclusive. Lewis v. Callahan, 125 F.3d 1436, 1439-40 (11th Cir.
1997); Barnes v. Sullivan, 932 F.2d 1356, 1358 (11th Cir. 1991); Martin v. Sullivan, 894 F.2d
1520, 1529 (11th Cir. 1990); Walker v. Bowen, 826 F.2d 996, 999 (11th Cir. 1987); Hillsman v.
Bowen, 804 F.2d 1179, 1180 (11th Cir. 1986); Bloodsworth v. Heckler, 703 F.2d 1233, 1239
(11th Cir. 1983). ASubstantial evidence@ means more than a scintilla, but less than a
In other words, Asubstantial evidence@ means such relevant evidence as a
reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion and it must be enough to
justify a refusal to direct a verdict were the case before a jury. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S.
389 (1971); Hillsman, 804 F.2d at 1180; Bloodsworth, 703 F.2d at 1239. AIn determining
Plaintiff’s medical records reflect a history of treatment for shoulder pain, neck pain and
elbow pain. She underwent a cervical fusion prior to the alleged onset of disability (TR 238-50).
whether substantial evidence exists, [the Court] must view the record as a whole, taking into
account evidence favorable as well as unfavorable to the [Commissioner's] decision.@ Chester v.
Bowen, 792 F.2d 129, 131 (11th Cir. 1986). Even where there is substantial evidence to the
contrary of the ALJ's findings, the ALJ decision will not be overturned where Athere is
substantially supportive evidence@ of the ALJ's decision. Barron v. Sullivan, 924 F.2d 227, 230
(11th Cir. 1991). In contrast, review of the ALJ's application of legal principles is plenary. Foote
v. Chater, 67 F.3d 1553, 1558 (11th Cir. 1995); Walker, 826 F.2d at 999.
Plaintiff raises the following claims on appeal:
1) The ALJ erred in adopting the conclusions of a non-acceptable state agency non-medical
2) The ALJ erred in rejecting the opinions of plaintiff’s treating physician concerning
plaintiff’s residual functional capacity.
Plaintiff’s first claim is based on the ALJ’s reference to the findings of a non-medical
Single Decision-Maker (“SDM”)2, Phillip W. Lambert, as support for the ALJ’s residual
functional capacity evaluation and thus ultimately for the denial of benefits. In his Response, the
Commissioner acknowledges that the ALJ incorrectly identified the SDM as a physician and that
the ALJ erred in assigning the SDM’s opinion weight due a non-examining physician. Doc. 14
at 8-9. However, the Commissioner argues that these errors were harmless. Id.
A Single Decision-Maker is not a medical source, see C.F.R. § 404.906, and as such,
his opinion is not evidence that the ALJ may properly rely upon when reaching a disability
determination. See Program Operations Manual System DI 24510.050C, 2001 WL 1933365
(forms completed by an SDM are not opinion evidence at the appeal level.)
In a Social Security appeal, an ALJ’s error is deemed harmless if it is irrelevant to the
denial of benefits. Siorio v. Heckler, 721 F.2d 726, 728 (11th Cir. 1983). In Moore v. Barnhart,
405 F.3d 1208, 1214 (11th Cir. 2005), the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals held that where the
ALJ failed to analyze or document the applicant's condition in two functional areas, and the court
could not determine what impact this had on the ALJ's determination, the court could not rely on
the harmless error analysis. See also Talbot v. Comm’r of Soc. Security, 383 Fed. Appx. 843,
845 (11th Cir. 2010) (ALJ based credibility finding on an incorrect reading of evidence. If ALJ
had compared testimony with correct evidence, he “may have found” plaintiff credible, and thus
could not hold that error to have been harmless).
Following the ALJ’s determination of plaintiff’s residual functional capacity, based upon
the opinion of Dr. Crump, the ALJ cited to the opinion of the SDM in the following terms:
The undersigned notes that the above determination is substantially consistent
with the conclusions of the state agency medical consultant who, after reviewing
the record as it existed in June 2007, also determined that the combination of the
claimant’s impairments was not disabling and did not preclude the performance of
full time capacity (Exhibit 1A). As a non-examining physician, this opinion is not
entitled to controlling weight, but must be considered and weighed as that of a
highly qualified physician who is an expert in the evaluation of the medical issues
in disability claims under the Social Security Act (SSR 96-6p).
Doc. 12 at 17. This language indicates that the erroneous consideration of the SCM’s opinion
was not determinative, but rather was deemed to have been merely consistent with the
determination made by the ALJ on the basis of Dr. Crump’s records.
Plaintiff’s argument on this point dovetails with her second argument that the ALJ’s RFC
determination is not fully supported by the other medical evidence, without reliance on the
erroneous citation to the SDM. The ALJ states in his decision that he gave “substantial weight”
to the opinion of Dr. Crump, plaintiff’s treating physician for pain management from November
29, 2005, through the time of the hearing.
Dr. Crump completed a Physical Capacities
Evaluation and a Clinical Assessment of Pain form for the plaintiff on July 20, 2007. Doc. 12 at
223-25. The ALJ found that Dr. Crump had stated that plaintiff’s fibromyalgia caused her pain;
that she suffered pain but that it “does not prevent functioning in everyday activities or work”;
that “physical activity would increase [plaintiff’s] pain, but not to such an extent as to prevent
adequate functioning in tasks”; and that her pain “would pose limitations but not to a degree as to
cause serious problems at work.” See ALJ’s decision, doc. 12 at 17. In addition, the ALJ found
that Dr. Crump’s PCE evaluation reflected that plaintiff could sit, stand and walk for 8 hours,
that she can lift and carry up to 5 pounds for 4 hours, can carry between 6 and 10 pounds for 2
hours, and between 11 and 20 pounds for 1 hour during an 8 hour workday; that she could use
her arms and hands for repetitive actions such as simple grasping, pushing/pulling arm controls,
and for fine manipulation; that she cold use her legs and feet for repetitive actions such as
pushing/pulling of leg controls; that she could bend, squat, crawl, climb and reach for one hour;
and that she has no limitations as to unprotected heights, being around moving machinery,
driving, or exposure to marked temperature changes or to dust, fumes or gases. Id. Despite
plaintiff’s bare assertion that the ALJ did not give Dr. Crump’s opinions substantial weight, these
findings are consistent with and supported by Dr. Crump’s stated opinions.
From these findings, the ALJ concluded that plaintiff could perform the full range of
sedentary work. The Commissioner cites 20 C.F.R. § 404.1567(a), which defines sedentary
work as follows:
Sedentary work involves lifting no more than 10 pounds at a time and
occasionally lifting or carrying articles like docket files, ledgers, and small tools.
Although a sedentary job is defined as one which involves sitting, a certain
amount of walking and standing is often necessary in carrying out job duties. Jobs
are sedentary if walking and standing are required occasionally and other
sedentary criteria are met.
Plaintiff has not explained the basis for her claim that Dr. Crump’s opinions, as accepted
by the ALJ, were inconsistent with a finding that plaintiff could perform work at the sedentary
level. The Commissioner suggests that plaintiff might have intended to argue that the opinion
that plaintiff could sit or stand for an hour at a time, but for a total of eight hours in an eight hour
day, was equivalent of a “sit-stand option;” the Commissioner then explains why such an
argument would have failed. The court will not engage in such assumptions,3 but rather decides
the case on the basis of the argument actually and clearly made—that as a factual matter the
ALJ’s decision was at odds with Dr. Crump’s opinions. The court’s comparison of the medical
records and the ALJ’s decision demonstrates that plaintiff’s second issue is without merit.
Given that the ALJ’s RFC findings are substantially supported by Dr. Crump’s opinions,
and given the ALJ’s statement that the SDM’s opinion was considered only as being consistent
with the RFC determination already reached by the ALJ which was based on Dr. Crump’s
opinion, the undersigned finds the ALJ’s error concerning the SDM to have been harmless.
Plaintiff’s first claim is thus also without merit.
For the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that the Commissioner’s final decision
is upheld. Judgment shall be entered in favor of the defendant.
DONE this the 12th day of December, 2011.
/s/ Katherine P. Nelson
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Following the filing of the Commissioner’s brief, plaintiff waived oral argument and thus gave
up the opportunity to explain her argument further. Were the undersigned to address the putative issue
briefed by defendant, it appears that defendant’s position would be likely to prevail. In light of the
statement that plaintiff could sit for eight hours of an eight hour day, Dr. Crump’s opinion of plaintiff’s
limitations appears to describe the need to occasionally change position briefly, such as by standing or
stretching, rather than the need to alternate sitting and standing at unspecified intervals.
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