Williams v. Astrue
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER granting 27 Motion for Attorney Fees in the amount of $18,621.50; upon receipt of this award, the petitioner is to refund plaintiff the smaller EAJA attorney-fee award paid in this case ($3,616,60). Signed by Magistrate Judge Katherine P. Nelson on 7/29/2013. (srr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
DAVID M. WILLIAMS,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This cause is before the Court, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) and Rule
54(d)(2)(D) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, on the amended petition for
authorization of attorney’s fees under the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)
(Doc. 27). Upon consideration of all pertinent materials contained in the file, it is
determined that the petitioner should receive a reasonable fee in the amount of
$18,621.50 under the Social Security Act.
Findings of Fact
Petitioner Byron A. Lassiter, Esquire, was hired by the plaintiff2 to represent
him and his family in connection with claims for Supplemental Security Income
benefits on May 6, 2008.
(See Doc. 27, ¶ 1.)
After the plaintiff’s claim for a period
of disability and Disability Insurance Benefits was denied by an Administrative Law
Carolyn W. Colvin became the Acting Commissioner of Social Security on
February 14, 2013. Pursuant to Rule 25(d), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Colvin is
substituted for Michael J. Astrue as the proper defendant in this case.
The terms “plaintiff” and “claimant” have the same meaning herein and,
accordingly, are used interchangeably.
Judge on October 15, 2009, and the Appeals Council denied the plaintiff’s request for
review on March 11, 2011 (see id., ¶ 2), the plaintiff and the petitioner agreed, on
May 2, 2011, that, upon successful prosecution of his appeal in federal court, the
petitioner would be entitled to receive, from the plaintiff’s retroactive benefits, an
attorney’s fee in an amount equal to 25% of the plaintiff’s past due benefits (see id.,¶
3; Doc. 27-1 (the “Fee Agreement – Title II and/or Title XVI”)). The Fee Agreement
provides, in part, that if the plaintiff receives a favorable award of the
Commissioner, the plaintiff will pay his attorney a “fee equal to 25% of the combined
gross retroactive benefits from Social Security and Supplemental Security Income
(SSI) . . . prior to any reduction under Section 1127(a) of the Act.”3
(See id., ¶ 4.)
On December 7, 2011, this Court entered an order (Doc. 19) granting an
unopposed motion to remand this matter to the Commissioner pursuant to sentence
four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (Doc. 16). After this Court’s remand, the ALJ rendered a
fully favorable decision, dated December 18, 2012, in which she determined that the
plaintiff is disabled and entitled to disability insurance benefits commencing June
15, 2007. (See Doc. 27, ¶ 6.)
Based on the three “Notice of Award[s]” from the Administration (Docs. 27-2,
The “term ‘combined gross retroactive benefits’ [is defined as] the total
amount of money to which [the plaintiff] and any auxiliary beneficiary or beneficiaries
become entitled through the month before the month SSA effectuates a favorable
administrative determination or decision on [the plaintiff’s] Social Security claim and that
SSI past-due benefits are the total amount of money from which [the plaintiff] become[s]
eligible through the month SSA effectuates a favorable administrative determination or
decision on [the plaintiff’s] SSI claim.” (Id., ¶ 3.)
27-3, 27-4)—for the plaintiff, his daughter, and his son, each for child’s benefits— it
has been calculated that 25% of the past due benefits amount to $23,921.50 (see Doc.
27, ¶¶ 8-10; see also Docs. 27-3 at 3 (reflecting that $15,956.75 has been withheld
“from your past-due benefits to pay your representative”); 27-4 at 1 (reflecting that
$3,932 has been withheld “from your past-due benefits to pay your representative”);
27-5 at 2 (reflecting that $4,032.75 has been withheld “from your past-due benefits to
pay your representative”)).
But, because the petitioner has already been paid $5,300 for administrative
attorney fees (see Doc. 27, ¶ 11), he is only requesting that $18,621.50 be approved as
an attorney’s fee for legal services rendered to the plaintiff—which represents the
remainder of 25% of the past-due benefits to which the Administration has
determined that the plaintiff and his children are entitled under the Act, less the
$5,300 the petitioner has received from the Administration for services rendered
before it—for the 20 hours the petitioner spent before this Court representing the
plaintiff (see Doc. 27-2).
Conclusions of Law
Section 206(b) of the Social Security Act, codified at 42 U.S.C. § 406(b),
provides that a court which renders a favorable judgment to a Social Security
claimant may award the claimant’s attorney a reasonable fee for his representation
of the claimant “not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits to
which the claimant is entitled by reason of such judgment, and the Commissioner of
Social Security may, notwithstanding the provisions of section 405(i) of this title, but
subject to subsection (d) of this section, certify the amount of such fee for payment to
such attorney out of, and not in addition to, the amount of such past-due benefits.”4
Section 406(b) thus “provides for contingent fees to be charged to the client, with
the amount to be set by the district court subject to a statutory maximum.” Watford
v. Heckler, 765 F.2d 1562, 1566 (11th Cir. 1985) (citation omitted; emphasis in
original); see Meyer v. Sullivan, 958 F.2d 1029, 1035 n.12 (11th Cir. 1992) (the total
amount of attorney’s fees that may be awarded under the Social Security Act is
limited to 25% of the past-due benefits awarded).
The Supreme Court has held that “§ 406(b) does not displace contingent-fee
agreements within the statutory ceiling; instead, § 406(b) instructs courts to review
for reasonableness fees yielded by those agreements.”
Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535
U.S. 789, 808-09 (2002); see also id. at 807 (“Congress has provided one boundary
Agreements are unenforceable to the extent that they provide for fees
exceeding 25 percent of the past-due benefits. . . .
Within the 25 percent boundary,
as petitioners in this case acknowledge, the attorney for the successful claimant
must show that the fee sought is reasonable for the services rendered.”).
Courts that approach fee determinations by looking first to the
contingent-fee agreement, then testing it for reasonableness, have
appropriately reduced the attorney’s recovery based on the character of
the representation and the results the representative achieved. If the
attorney is responsible for delay, for example, a reduction is in order so
“When a claimant receives a favorable administrative decision following a
remand of a case by the district court to the [Commissioner], the district court may award
attorney’s fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1).” Rohrich v. Bowen, 796 F.2d 1030, 1031
(8th Cir. 1986) (citation omitted).
that the attorney will not profit from the accumulation of benefits
during the pendency of the case in court. If the benefits are large in
comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case, a
downward adjustment is similarly in order. In this regard, the court
may require the claimant’s attorney to submit, not as a basis for
satellite litigation, but as an aid to the court’s assessment of the
reasonableness of the fee yielded by the fee agreement, a record of the
hours spent representing the claimant and a statement of the lawyer’s
normal hourly billing charge for noncontingent-fee cases.
Id. at 808 (internal citations omitted).
In line with Gisbrecht, therefore, this Court need begin with the contingency
fee agreement and should only reduce the amount called for by the agreement upon
a determination that this amount is unreasonable. In adopting this approach, the
Supreme Court rejected the Eleventh Circuit’s adoption of the lodestar calculation of
fees in Kay v. Apfel, 176 F.3d 1322, 1323 (11th Cir. 1999) (rejecting the “contingent
fee” approach to calculation of attorney’s fees under § 406(b) in favor of the “lodestar”
approach) in favor of the contingency fee approach of other Circuits, including the
Second Circuit, in Wells v. Sullivan, 907 F.2d 367, 371 (2d Cir. 1990) (district courts
must begin with the contingency fee agreement and may only “reduce the amount
called for by the contingency agreement  when it finds the amount to be
unreasonable”); see also Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 799 & 808-09.
In this matter, the Administration has determined that the past-due
disability insurance benefits to which the plaintiff and his children are entitled to
receive total $95,686 (see Docs. 27-3 at 3 ($63,827), 27-4 at 1 ($15,728), 27-5 at 2
($16,131)); 25% of this amount is $23,921.50. The contingency agreement, which
the plaintiff entered into on May 2, 2011, contemplates attorney’s fees of as much as
25% of the past-due benefits following a favorable decision (see Doc. 27-1, ¶ 2), and it
is apparent to the Court that the amount requested by the petitioner herein
($18,621.50), when combined with the $5,300 the petitioner has been awarded by the
Administration, is not more than 25% of the past-due benefits the plaintiff has been
awarded in this case.
Moreover, there is no evidence that the petitioner delayed
this case in any manner, nor can the Court find that the requested amount is so
large as to be a windfall to the petitioner. 5
Given the length of petitioner’s
relationship with the plaintiff (more than five years) and the favorable results
achieved by petitioner for the plaintiff, the Court considers the requested amount
Accordingly, the Court authorizes the petitioner to receive, as a fee for
services rendered before this Court, the sum of $18,621.50, which, when added to the
$5,300.00 the petitioner has received from the Administration, represents 25% of the
total of past-due benefits awarded to the plaintiff. Upon receipt of this money, the
petitioner must then, of course, refund to the plaintiff the smaller attorney-fee
award made in this case. See Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 796 (“Congress harmonized
fees payable by the Government under EAJA with fees payable under § 406(b) out of
claimant’s past-due Social Security benefits in this manner: Fee awards may be
made under both prescriptions, but the claimant’s attorney must ‘refun[d] to the
claimant the amount of the smaller fee.’”); see also Watford, 756 F.2d at 1566 n.5
The request, when broken down, renders an hourly rate of approximately
(“[N]o ‘double recovery’ is permitted, and any award received by the claimant’s
counsel under the EAJA for work done in court must be used to reimburse the
claimant up to any amount previously awarded under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1) for
counsel’s services in court.”).
The Court ORDERS that the petitioner receive as an attorney’s fee for
services rendered in this Court for the sum of $18,621.50 pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §
406(b). Upon receipt of this award, the petitioner is to refund to the plaintiff the
smaller EAJA attorney-fee award paid in this case ($3,616.60 (see Docs. 24, 25)).
DONE and ORDERED this the 29th day of July, 2013.
/s/ Katherine P. Nelson
KATHERINE P. NELSON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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