Wiggins v. Astrue
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER entered. It is ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner of Social Security denying the plaintiff benefits be AFFIRMED. Signed by Magistrate Judge William E. Cassady on 8/22/2012. (eec)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
PATRICIA A. WIGGINS,
MICHAEL J. ASTRUE,
Commissioner of Social Security,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
The plaintiff brings this action, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1383(c)(3), seeking judicial
review of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security denying her
application for Supplemental Security Income (“SSI”).
The parties have consented to
the exercise of jurisdiction by the Magistrate Judge, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), for
all proceedings in this Court.
(See Doc. 23 (“In accordance with provisions of 28 U.S.C.
636(c) and Fed.R.Civ.P. 73, the parties in this case consent to have a United States
Magistrate Judge conduct any and all proceedings in this case, including . . . order the
entry of a final judgment, and conduct all post-judgment proceedings.”).)
consideration of the administrative record (“R.”) (Doc. 13), the plaintiff’s brief (Doc. 14;
see also Doc. 15), and the Commissioner’s brief (Doc. 20),1 it is determined that the
Commissioner’s decision denying the plaintiff benefits should be affirmed.2
The plaintiff filed an unopposed motion to waive oral argument (Doc. 21), which
the Court granted in part and denied in part (see Doc. 24).
Any appeal taken from this memorandum opinion and order and judgment shall
be made to the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals. (See Doc. 23 (“An appeal from a judgment
entered by a Magistrate Judge shall be taken directly to the United States Court of Appeals for
this judicial circuit in the same manner as an appeal from any other judgment of this district
On September 11, 2009, the plaintiff filed an application for SSI (R. 175-179),
alleging disability beginning August 19, 2009, due to fibromyalgia, arthritis, irritable
bowel syndrome, depression, and anxiety (see R. 193).3
denied on November 12, 2009.
(See R. 117-121.)
Her application was initially
A hearing was then conducted before
an Administrative Law Judge on January 5, 2011 (see R. 72-92).
On March 11, 2011, the
ALJ issued a decision finding that the claimant was not disabled (R. 10-29), and the
plaintiff sought review from the Appeals Council (see R. 7).
The Appeals Council
issued its decision declining to review the ALJ’s determination on August 8, 2011 (see R.
1-4)—making the ALJ’s determination the Commissioner’s final decision for purposes
of judicial review, see 20 C.F.R. § 404.981—and a complaint was filed in this Court on
October 3, 2011 (see Doc. 1).
Standard of Review and Claim on Appeal
In all Social Security cases, the plaintiff bears the burden of proving that he or
she is unable to perform his or her previous work.
(11th Cir. 1986).
Jones v. Bowen, 810 F.2d 1001, 1005
In evaluating whether the plaintiff has met this burden, the examiner
must consider the following four factors: (1) objective medical facts and clinical
findings; (2) diagnoses of examining physicians; (3) evidence of pain; and (4) the
plaintiff’s age, education, and work history.
Once the plaintiff meets this burden,
it becomes the Commissioner’s burden to prove that the plaintiff is capable—given his
The plaintiff previously filed an application for disability benefits that was
denied after her request for review was denied by the Appeals Council and not appealed
further. (See R. 188-191.) In this matter, the plaintiff initially alleged an onset date of June 24,
2004 (see R. 175), but subsequently amended that date, through counsel, to August 19, 2009 (see
or her age, education, and work history—of engaging in another kind of substantial
gainful employment that exists in the national economy.
834, 836 (11th Cir. 1985).
Sryock v. Heckler, 764 F.2d
Although at the fourth step “the [plaintiff] bears the burden
of demonstrating the inability to return to [his or] her past relevant work, the
Commissioner of Social Security has an obligation to develop a full and fair record.”
Shnorr v. Bowen, 816 F.2d 578, 581 (11th Cir. 1987) (citations omitted).
The task for this Court is to determine whether the ALJ’s decision to deny
plaintiff benefits is supported by substantial evidence.
Substantial evidence is defined
as more than a scintilla, and means such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might
accept as adequate to support a conclusion.
Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401
“In determining whether substantial evidence exists, [a court] must view the
record as a whole, taking into account evidence favorable as well as unfavorable to the
Chester v. Bowen, 792 F.2d 129, 131 (11th Cir. 1986).
Courts are precluded, however, from “deciding the facts anew or re-weighing the
Davison v. Astrue, 370 Fed. App’x 995, 996 (11th Cir. Apr. 1, 2010) (per
curiam) (citing Dyer v. Bernhart, 395 F.3d 1206, 1210 (11th Cir. 2005)).
And, “[e]ven if
the evidence preponderates against the Commissioner’s findings, [a court] must affirm
if the decision reached is supported by substantial evidence.”
Id. (citing Crawford v.
Commissioner of Soc. Sec., 363 F.3d 1155, 1158-59 (11th Cir. 2004)).
On appeal to this Court, the plaintiff asserts two grounds for why the
Commissioner’s decision should be reversed: (1) the ALJ failed to give proper weight to
the opinion of Dr. Cranton, the plaintiff’s treating psychiatrist; and (2) the ALJ failed to
properly consider the effects of the plaintiff’s fibromyalgia and chronic pain syndrome.
The ALJ properly considered the mental RFC completed by the plaintiff’s
The Court must first determine whether the reasons articulated by the ALJ for
not giving controlling weight to the opinion of Dr. Cranton, a treating source, are
supported by substantial evidence.
See, e.g., Thomas v. Astrue, No. CA 11–0406–C, 2012
WL 1145211, at *9 (S.D. Ala. Apr. 5, 2012) (“Because the undersigned finds that the ALJ
did not explicitly articulate an adequate reason, supported by substantial evidence, for
rejecting a portion of [the treating physician’s] PCE assessment, this Court must
necessarily find that the ALJ’s [residual functional capacity (“RFC”)] determination is
not supported by substantial evidence.”).
A finding that the ALJ failed to articulate
reasons, supported by substantial evidence, for rejecting a treating source’s opinion
As to treating sources, one district court outside of this Circuit has said:
In every case, a treating physician will have greater access to the medical
records, and more familiarity with the patient and his condition than will
an examining physician or a physician who merely reviewed the record
evidence. This is the reason for the treating physician rule whereby
greater deference is usually accorded to the opinion of a treating physician
than the opinion of a physician who has only examined the patient one
time or the opinion of a physician who has merely reviewed the medical
records. This is the reason the courts require an ALJ to provide specific,
legitimate reasons for discounting a treating physician’s opinion.
Vine v. Astrue, Civil Action No. 09-2212-KHV-GBC, 2010 WL 2245079, at *11 (D. Kan.
May 11, 2010) (internal citations omitted), report & recommendation adopted, 2010 WL
2245076 (D. Kan. June 2, 2010).
And the law in this Circuit is that
[t]he opinion of a treating physician “must be given substantial or
considerable weight unless ‘good cause’ is shown to the contrary.” Lewis
v. Callahan, 125 F.3d 1436, 1440 (11th Cir.1997). Good cause is shown
when the: “(1) treating physician’s opinion was not bolstered by the
evidence; (2) evidence supported a contrary finding; or (3) treating
physician’s opinion was conclusory or inconsistent with the doctor’s own
medical records.” Phillips v. Barnhart, 357 F.3d 1232, 1241 (11th Cir. 2004).
Where the ALJ articulate[s] specific reasons for failing to give the opinion
of a treating physician controlling weight, and those reasons are
supported by substantial evidence, there is no reversible error. Moore [v.
Barnhart], 405 F.3d [1208,] 1212 [(11th Cir. 2005)].
Gilabert v. Commissioner of Soc. Sec., 396 Fed. App’x 652, 655 (11th Cir. Sept. 21, 2010) (per
cuiam); see also Phillips, 357 F.3d at 1241 (“In sum, the ALJ articulated several reasons for
giving less weight to the treating physician’s opinion. Thus, this Court readily
concludes that the ALJ’s determination that [the treating physician’s] opinion should be
given little weight is supported by substantial evidence.”).
Put differently, “[i]f a
treating physician’s opinion on the nature and severity of a claimant’s impairments is
well-supported by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques,
and is not inconsistent with the other substantial evidence in the record, the ALJ must
give it controlling weight.”
Roth v. Astrue, 249 Fed. App’x 167, 168 (11th Cir. Sept. 26,
2007) (per curiam) (citing 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(d)(2)).
Here, the ALJ chose not to give controlling weight to the mental RFC assessment
completed by Dr. Cranton on December 21, 2010, in which he found marked limitations
in every area of functioning and concluded that the plaintiff “[i]s disabled to work.”
The ALJ’s decision provides, specifically, that she
does not give controlling weight to this opinion since it is inconsistent
with Dr. Cranton’s progress notes and the remainder of the mental health
notes. Specifically, the remainder of the records from Southwest
Alabama Mental Health indicate that the claimant reported she was
doing better on medication and had no problems with her medication
regimen. Additionally, the [ALJ] notes that the claimant’s treating
physician commented a noted improvement in the claimant’s depressive
symptoms with psychiatric treatment.
Thus, the ALJ found “good cause” to not give substantial or considerable weight
to Dr. Cranton’s mental RFC assessment because (1) the ALJ determined that it was
inconsistent with Dr. Cranton’s own “progress notes and the remainder of the mental
health notes,” and (2) the plaintiff’s treating physician, Dr. Bhadkamkar, noted that she
had improved with psychiatric treatment.
As explained below, the Court finds
substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s two articulated reasons.
On June 16, 2010, Dr. Bhadkamkar noted that the plaintiff “looks a little better to
me after many years now that she has started seeing the psychiatrist who stated giving
two medicines, names of which she doesn’t know – one at night, one in the morning.”4
(R. 304; but see R. 301 (Dr. Bhadkamkar, on October 22, 2010, noted that the plaintiff
“[p]ossibly [has] underlying major depression.
have seen her multiple times.”).)
She never seems happy in the clinic.
Dr. Bhadkamkar’s June 16, 2010 comment coincides
with Dr. Cranton’s own June 17, 2010 note, in which he commented that the plaintiff “is
She is going to church[,] mentions no problems with her medication
regimen,” and “[h]er husband . . . confirms the improvement.”
(R. 273; see also R. 272
(Dr. Cranton’s July 20, 2010 Note, in which he indicates, “she is doing a little better but
pain is a major problem”); compare id., with R. 271 (Dr. Cranton’s Sept. 14, 2010 Note, in
which he indicates, “no change or improvement in her condition”) and R. 270 (Dr.
Cranton’s Oct. 12, 2010 Note, in which he indicates, “[h]er mood remains unchanged”
but “[t]he plan is to re-write her a new prescription for Klonopin[,] . . . continue the
Based on the evidence in the record, the plaintiff’s treating relationship with Dr.
Bhadkamkar began no later than September, 2008. (See R. 239.)
Effexor as prescribed[, and have her] return to see me in one month for re-evaluation”).)
Dr. Cranton’s October 12, 2010 Note and Dr. Bhadkamkar’s October 22, 2010 Note are
the last medical evidence from treating sources in the record before Dr. Cranton’s
mental RFC assessment.
And although neither note appears as positive as similar
notes from Summer, 2010, as the ALJ concluded, none of this medical evidence is
consistent with the level of impairment indicated in Dr. Cranton’s RFC assessment.
See Phillips, 357 F.3d at 1241; see, e.g., Jay v. Astrue, Civil Action No. 2:09CV136–SRW,
2010 WL 2305470, at *6 (M.D. Ala. June 7, 2010) (in which the Court affirmed the ALJ’s
decision to give less than controlling weight to the opinion of a treating psychiatrist,
“who opined that the claimant had mostly marked or extreme limitation[,]” because
such limitations were “not consistent with [the] medical evidence as a whole[,]“ which
the ALJ set forth above this conclusion and included records from the treating
physician’s own practice that “were inconsistent with the marked and extreme
The Court, further, rejects the plaintiff’s argument that the ALJ was required “to
re-contact Dr. Cranton for clarification or for additional information in regards to [the
plaintiff’s] mental limitations while on her medications.”
(Doc. 14 at 8 (citing 20 C.F.R.
§§ 404.1527(c)(3) & 416.927(c)(3)).)
When the evidence from the treating physician does not contain all the
necessary information the ALJ is directed to seek additional evidence or
clarification before finding the claimant not disabled. 20 C.F.R. §
404.1512(e)(1). However, an ALJ is not obligated to contact a treating
physician where the evidence of record is adequate to determine whether
an individual is disabled and does not contain a conflict or ambiguity that
had to be resolved. 20 C.F.R. § 416.927(c)(3).
Taylor v. Astrue, Civil Action No. 5:09–CV–00146 (HL), 2010 WL 2197279, at *4 (M.D. Ga.
June 1, 2010) (emphasis added); see also Eaton v. Astrue, No. 5:08–CV–137 (HL), 2010 WL
1257697, at *4 (M.D. Ga. Mar. 29, 2010) (“[W]ith regard to the assertion that the ALJ had
an obligation to re-contact Dr. Bearden prior to rendering a decision, this argument is
also without merit.
Such an obligation does not arise except in instances where the
ALJ determines that the evidence of record is insufficient to decide the issue of
disability.”) (citing 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(3)).
In Jay, the plaintiff made the same argument, and the court, relying on Couch v.
Astrue, 267 Fed. App’x 853 (11th Cir. Feb. 29, 2008) (per curiam), determined that where
a matter lacks “an evidentiary gap requiring additional evidence or information from
the treating physician,” the ALJ is not obligated to re-contact that physician, Jay, 2010
WL 2305470, at *7 (discussing Couch, 267 Fed. App’x at 855-56).
Like in Couch,
substantial evidence in this record—including Dr. Cranton’s own records and the
records of Dr. Bhadkamkar, another treating source—which the ALJ expressly cites to
in her decision, supports her conclusion not to accord controlling weight to Dr.
Cranton’s mental RFC determination.
Further, “[t]here is no indication that plaintiff
did not provide the ALJ with all of the records available from Dr. [Cranton].”
WL 2305470, at *7.
The ALJ properly considered the effects of—including assessing the
veracity of her complaints of pain caused by—the plaintiff’s fibromyalgia
and chronic pain syndrome on her ability to do work.
The plaintiff’s second ground on appeal is that “the ALJ failed to properly
consider the effects of [the plaintiff’s] fibromyalgia and chronic pain syndrome[,]”
implying that the ALJ’s decision failed to explain her credibility determination. (Doc.
14 at 9-13.)
As this Court explained in McMillian v. Astrue, CA No. 11–00545–C, 2012 WL
1565624 (S.D. Ala. May 1, 2012):
“[A] diagnosis of fibromyalgia does not automatically entitle [a claimant]
to disability benefits; particularly so [ ] where there is substantial evidence
to support the ALJ’s determination that [the claimant’s] fibromyalgia was
either improving or, at worst, stable.” Vance v. Commissioner of Soc. Sec.,
260 Fed. App’x 801, 806 (6th Cir. Jan. 15, 2008) (citing Sarchet v. Chater, 78
F.3d 305, 306-07 (7th Cir. 1996) (“Some people may have a severe case of
fibromyalgia as to be totally disabled from working . . . but most do not
and the question is whether [claimant] is one of the minority.”) (citations
omitted)). The task for the ALJ is to consider the plaintiff’s work-related
limitations due to fibromyalgia. And this Court’s role is limited to
determining whether the ALJ’s resultant findings are supported by
substantial evidence. Davison, 370 Fed. App’x at 996; see, e.g., Harmon v.
Astrue, No. 5:09CV2765, 2011 WL 834138, at *4 (N.D. Ohio Feb. 8, 2011)
(recommending that the Court find that substantial evidence supports the
ALJ’s decision where the ALJ considered the effects of fibromyalgia on the
RFC, including “that there was little evidence of treatment for
fibromyalgia, and neither [the] examining physician . . . nor Plaintiff’s
primary care physician [ ] indicated that Plaintiff ha[d] work related
limitations due to fibromyalgia”) (citing Howard v. Commissioner of Soc.
Sec., 276 F.3d 235, 240 (6th Cir. 2002) (“RFC is meant to describe the
claimant’s residual abilities or what a claimant can do, not what maladies
a claimant suffers from”)), report & recommendation adopted, 2011 WL
825710 (N.D. Ohio Mar. 4, 2011).
Id. at *9.
Relatedly, subjective complaints of pain, caused by fibromyalgia or otherwise,
“cannot in and of themselves serve as conclusive evidence of disability,” Petteway v.
Commissioner of Soc. Sec., 353 Fed. App’x 287, 288 (11th Cir. Nov. 18, 2009) (per curiam)
(quoting Chester v. Bowen, 792 F.2d 129, 132 (11th Cir. 1986)); there must also be
evidence “of a medical impairment which could reasonably be expected to produce
disabling pain,” id.
[i]n order to establish a disability based on testimony of pain and other
symptoms, the claimant must satisfy two parts of a three-part test
showing: (1) evidence of an underlying medical condition; and (2) either
(a) objective medical evidence confirming the severity of the alleged pain;
or (b) that the objectively determined medical condition can reasonably be
expected to give rise to the claimed pain.
Wilson v. Barnhart, 284 F.3d 1219, 1225 (11th Cir. 2002) (citing Holt v. Sullivan, 921 F.2d
1221, 1223 (11th Cir. 1991)).
When an ALJ rejects pain testimony, there must be an explanation of the
rationale for finding a plaintiff not credible.
As one court explained, in the context of
discussing the three-part pain standard first adopted in Hand v. Bowen, 793 F.2d 275
(11th Cir. 1986),
[a]lthough the Eleventh Circuit does not require an explicit finding as to a
claimant’s credibility, the implication must be obvious to the reviewing
court. Dyer v. Barnhart, 395 F.3d 1206, 1210 (11th Cir. 2005). The
credibility determination does not need to cite particular phrases or
formulations but it cannot merely be a broad rejection which is not
enough to enable the reviewing court to conclude that the ALJ considered
the claimant’s medical condition as a whole. Dyer, 395 F.3d at 1210 (11th
Cir. 2005) (internal quotations and citations omitted).
Sharpe v. Astrue, No. 5:07cv74/RS-MD, 2008 WL 1805436, at *6 (N.D. Fla. Apr. 15, 2008)
The Eleventh Circuit has[, moreover,] approved an ALJ’s reference to and
application of the standard set out in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1529 [or § 416.929],
because that regulation “contains the same language regarding the
subjective pain testimony that this court interpreted when initially
establishing its three-part standard.” Wilson, 284 F.3d at 1226. Thus,
failure to cite to an Eleventh Circuit standard is not reversible error so
long as the ALJ applies the appropriate regulation.
Thus, “[a] clearly articulated credibility determination supported by substantial
evidence will not be disturbed.”
Petteway, 353 Fed. App’x at 289 (citing Foote v. Chater,
67 F.3d 1553, 1562 (11th Cir. 1995)).
Here, the ALJ found the plaintiff’s fibromyalgia to be a severe impairment (see R.
15), but concluded that, “while the record contains evidence of the existence of
[fibromyalgia and other alleged] impairments, the objectively demonstrable evidence of
record fails to support that the claimant is as impaired as she has alleged” (R. 18).
making this assessment, the ALJ found it to be significant that no credible medical
treating or consulting source found the plaintiff to be disabled because of any physical
condition or from any resulting symptoms (R. 18) and gave the opinion of the plaintiff’s
treating physician, Dr. Bhadkamkar, “significant weight,” finding “it extremely
significant that the claimant has continuously complained of significant pain yet all of
Dr. Bhadkamkar’s examinations were essentially normal.”
(R. 19; see also R. 237-239,
301, 308-310 (Dr. Bhadkamkar’s treatment records, ranging from September, 2007
through December, 2009, noting that the plaintiff had diffuse tenderness and normal
range of motion).)
Compare id., with Jarvis v. Commissioner of Soc. Sec., Civil Action No.
2:07–cv–1178, 2009 WL 649655, at *14 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 9, 2009) (“The absence of a
diagnosis of fibromyalgia by a specialist in rheumatology and the presence of diffuse
tenderness on clinical examination rather than significant tender points supports an
administrative law judge’s finding that the objective medical evidence does not support
a claimant’s complaints of disabling pain.”) and Simonin v. Astrue, Civil Action No. 3:10–
There is no evidence that Dr. Bhadkamkar is a rheumatologist. Cf. Burroughs v.
Massanari, 156 F. Supp. 2d 1350, 1367 (N.D. Ga. 2001) (“Dr. McDuffie is a specialist in
rheumatology and thus better qualified to diagnosis fibromyalgia and to gauge its effects on the
individual than Dr. Hudgins, who specializes in internal medicine.”) (citing 20 C.F.R. §
404.1527(d)(5) (“We generally give more weight to the opinion of a specialist about medical
issues related to his or her area of specialty than to the opinion of a source who is not a
specialist.”)); Aidinovski v. Apfel, 27 F. Supp. 2d 1097, 1100 n.6 (N.D. Ill. 1998) (Rheumatology is
“the ‘relevant specialist’ qualification for diagnosing and evaluating fibromyalgia[.]”) (citing
Sarchet, 78 F.3d at 307).
2808–JFA–JRM, 2012 WL 988049, at *7 (D.S.C. Feb. 27, 2012.) (“The ALJ’s determination
that Plaintiff’s impairments limited her ability to perform more than a reduced range of
light work is supported by substantial evidence and correct under controlling law.
Fibromyalgia was specifically found by the ALJ to be a severe impairment that limited
A diagnosis of fibromyalgia, however, is not disabling per se.
ALJ specifically acknowledged that Plaintiff complained of diffuse tenderness and
examination confirmed multiple trigger points.
He also, however, noted that
Plaintiff’s examination consistently revealed full range of motion of the joints and no
synovitis . . . .”) (internal citations and footnotes omitted), report & recommendation
adopted, 2012 WL 988030 (D.S.C. Mar. 22, 2012).
Further, the ALJ (1) noted that “Dr.
Bhadkamkar repeatedly made notations that the claimant had not completed the
necessary paperwork to obtain her medications through the patient assistance
program” and that “[t]he record clearly shows that the claimant’s pain improved as
long as she took the medication as prescribed”; (2) took into consideration the plaintiff’s
daily activities; and (3) concluded by noting that the plaintiff’s claim of financial
inability is not a valid excuse for her failure to seek treatment: such an excuse “is only
justifiable cause for failure to follow the prescribed treatment when free community
resources are unavailable,” which is not the case here.
Thus, the Court
cannot say that the ALJ’s findings as to the work limitations caused by the plaintiff’s
fibromyalgia and chronic pain syndrome are not supported by substantial evidence.
Finally, the Court rejects any argument that the ALJ failed to follow the
applicable pain standard.
The ALJ referenced the applicable standard, § 416.929 (see R.
17), and, moreover, “articulated [a] credibility determination supported by substantial
evidence,” Petteway, 353 Fed. App’x at 289, leaving an “implication [that is] obvious to
[this Court,]” Sharpe, 2008 WL 1805436, at *6; see also Casiano v. Astrue, No. 8:10–cv–196–
T–TBM, 2011 WL 740531, at *5 & n.4 (M.D. Fla. Feb. 24, 2011) (rejecting argument that
the record did not permit an ALJ’s finding that the plaintiff was less than fully credible
and determining that the ALJ applied the applicable pain standard where, “[i]n
rejecting the claims for disabling symptoms, it [was] apparent that the ALJ drew chiefly
upon the medical evidence which, upon her review, did not support the severity
alleged”); Minor v. Astrue, No. CA 10–605–C, 2011 WL 2621069, at *3-4 (S.D. Ala. July 5,
2011) (rejecting argument that remand was necessary because the ALJ failed to follow
the Eleventh Circuit’s pain standard where, like here, the ALJ expressly cited to §
416.929 and explained “why he concluded that plaintiff’s pain allegations were not fully
Because the Court finds that the ALJ properly considered both the mental RFC
completed by the plaintiff’s treating psychiatrist and the effects of—including assessing
the veracity of her complaints of pain caused by—the plaintiff’s fibromyalgia and
chronic pain syndrome on her ability to do work, it is ORDERED that the decision of
the Commissioner of Social Security denying the plaintiff benefits be AFFIRMED.
DONE this the 22nd day of August, 2012.
s/WILLIAM E. CASSADY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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