Madden v. Connexion Technologies
ORDER STAYING CASE. Denying 7 MOTION for Default Judgment as to Defendant Connexion Technologies filed by Buffy Madden. The 5 Clerk's Entry of Default is VACATED. Plf is ordered to file, on or before the 25th day of each month, a STATUS REPORT re: the Connexion Technologies bankruptcy matter. First Status Report due by 7/25/2012. Signed by Chief Judge William H. Steele on 6/20/2012. (sdb)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
CIVIL ACTION 12-0251-WS-N
This matter was recently transferred to the undersigned’s docket. Initial review of the
docket sheet reveals that on June 18, 2012, plaintiff filed a Motion for Default Judgment (doc. 7)
based on defendant’s failure to appear or defend within the time allotted by the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure, following service of process.
The glaring defect in this Motion is that plaintiff’s counsel acknowledges “that the
Defendant has filed a voluntary Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Petition in the United States Bankruptcy
Court for the District of Delaware.” (Doc. 7, ¶ 6.) Under the Bankruptcy Code’s automatic stay
mechanism, the filing of such a petition operates as a stay of “the commencement or continuation
… of a judicial, administrative, or other action or proceeding against the debtor that was or could
have been commenced before the commencement of the case under this title ….” 11 U.S.C. §
362(a)(1). Likewise, the statute flatly forbids “any act to collect, assess, or recover a claim
against the debtor that arose before the commencement of the case under this title.” Id.
§ 362(a)(6). These unambiguous statutory provisions mean precisely what they say. See United
States v. White, 466 F.3d 1241, 1244 (11th Cir. 2006) (“A debtor who has filed for Chapter 11
bankruptcy enjoys an automatic stay against actions to enforce, collect, assess or recover claims
against the debtor ….”); Arnold v. Garlock, Inc., 278 F.3d 426, 436 (5th Cir. 2001) (“Virtually
any act attempting to enforce a judgment against or obtain property from the estate of the debtor
is stayed once the title 11 proceedings are commenced.”). What’s more, actions taken in
violation of the automatic stay are void and have no effect whatsoever. See, e.g., White, 466
F.3d at 1244 (“It is the law of this Circuit that actions taken in violation of the automatic stay are
void and without effect.”) (citation and internal marks omitted); Borg-Warner Acceptance Corp.,
685 F.2d 1306, 1308 (11th Cir. 1982) (similar). And attempts by a creditor to obtain a civil
judgment against a debtor who has filed for bankruptcy protection may be grounds for sanctions
unless the debtor first obtains relief from the automatic stay. See, e.g., Mann v. Chase
Manhattan Mortg. Corp., 316 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 2003) (“Of course, acts undertaken in violation of
the automatic stay are not only void, … but may expose the violator to monetary sanctions as
well.”); In re Stanton, 303 F.3d 939, 941 (9th Cir. 2002) (“Violation of the automatic stay is a
serious business, exposing the violator in some circumstances to punitive damages and sanctions
For all of these reasons, plaintiff’s Motion for Default Judgment (doc. 7) is denied as
manifestly improper and facially violative of the automatic stay.1 Moreover, because the record
reflects that the Clerk’s Entry of Default (doc. 5) was entered at plaintiff’s behest sometime after
defendant’s bankruptcy proceedings commenced, that Clerk’s Entry of Default is void on its face
under Borg-Warner and its progeny. Accordingly, the Clerk’s Entry of Default must be, and
hereby is, vacated at this time as violative of the automatic stay.
As a general matter, the automatic stay precludes further activity in this case at this time.
It is hereby ordered that this action is stayed in its entirety pending further order of the Court.
To keep the Court apprised as to these related proceedings, plaintiff is ordered to file, on or
Plaintiff’s explanation for pursuing default proceedings despite actual knowledge
of defendant’s ongoing bankruptcy case is that plaintiff “is not aware that Defendant has filed
any suggestion of bankruptcy with this Court.” (Doc. 7, ¶ 6.) However, the Court is aware of no
authority – and plaintiff has provided none – holding that § 362 protection only extends to
debtors who file suggestions of bankruptcy or take other affirmative steps to preserve their
rights. Imposing such a prerequisite would be antithetical to the automatic nature of the
automatic stay. That’s the point: A debtor need do precisely nothing in order to trigger the
protections of § 362. See generally In re Weatherford, 413 B.R. 273, 283 (Bankr. D.S.C. 2009)
(“The automatic stay is broad in scope and its operation is automatic upon the filing of the
petition.”); In re Webb Mtn, LLC, 414 B.R. 308 (Bankr. E.D. Tenn. 2009) (“It is elementary that
the automatic stay comes into existence automatically and immediately upon the filing of a
petition in bankruptcy ….”) (citations and internal marks omitted); In re Meis-Nachtrab, 190
B.R. 302, 306 (Bankr. N.D. Ohio 1995) (“When a debtor files a bankruptcy petition, an
automatic stay immediately arises.”) (citations omitted); NLT Computer Services Corp. v.
Capital Computer Systems, Inc., 755 F.2d 1253, 1258 (6th Cir. 1985) (“[t]he stay provisions of
section 362 are automatic and self-operating”).
before the twenty-fifth day of each month, a written report reflecting the status of the
Connexion Technologies bankruptcy matter, with the first such report to be due in July 2012.
And plaintiff is further ordered to notify the Court in writing promptly upon learning of either
the issuance of relief from the automatic stay or the dismissal or other cessation of the
DONE and ORDERED this 20th day of June, 2012.
s/ WILLIAM H. STEELE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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