Joffrion et al v. Allstate Insurance Co.
ORDER granting 30 Motion to Bifurcate and to Stay Discovery. Trial of the bad-faith claim is bifurcated from that of the contract claim. All extra-contractual discovery is stayed pending resolution, by trial, dispositive motion or otherwise, of the contract claim. Signed by Chief Judge William H. Steele on 8/29/2012. (tgw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
PATRICK HENRY JOFFRION, et al.,
ALLSTATE INSURANCE CO.,
) CIVIL ACTION 12-0434-WS-M
The defendant has filed a motion to bifurcate and motion to stay discovery. (Doc.
30). The plaintiffs have responded that they have no objection. (Doc. 33).
“For convenience, to avoid prejudice, or to expedite and economize, the court may
order a separate trial of one or more separate issues [or] claims ….” Fed. R. Civ. P.
42(b). The rule invests the trial court with “broad discretion” whether to order
bifurcation. Harrington v. Cleburne County Board of Education, 251 F.3d 935, 938 (11th
The complaint alleges that the defendant has failed to provide uninsured and/or
underinsured motorist benefits under its policies with the plaintiffs, and it asserts claims
for breach of contract and bad faith arising from this conduct. The defendant seeks to
bifurcate the plaintiffs’ breach-of-contract claim from their bad-faith claim and to stay all
discovery on the latter claim until and unless the plaintiffs receive a judgment in their
favor on the former claim.
The Court sees nothing particularly convenient, expeditious or economical about
effectively dividing one simple, compact lawsuit – for discovery purposes as well as for
trial – into two lawsuits. The defendant says its defense of the contract claim will be
“crippled” by “severe” and “irreparable” prejudice if the plaintiffs are allowed to obtain
discovery of its claims file before the contract claim is resolved, but the Court is
skeptical. The defendant indicates it would be prejudicial to surrender privileged
documents (if any there actually be) in the claims file, but it has not explained why any
applicable privilege against production would be destroyed by the mere fact of allowing
discovery to proceed. The defendant indicates it could be awkward to produce nonprivileged internal documents that discuss the value of the plaintiffs’ claim, and perhaps
it would, but embarrassment is not prejudice.
The defendant also argues it would be prejudiced by a joint trial of the contract
and tort claims because certain evidence – including policy limits, settlement negotiations
(if any) and attorney-client communications (if any) would not be admissible with respect
to the contract claim but would or could be admissible with respect to the tort claim. The
Court concludes that it would be premature to bifurcate trial based on these
considerations, most of which are at present merely hypothetical.
The defendant cites a number of cases from other states that have developed
procedures applicable to bad-faith cases that are more or less supportive of its position
herein. The Court notes that some of these decisions are based on rules specific to those
jurisdictions and that none of them has been approved, or even cited, by any published
state or federal court in Alabama. Nor do they alter the Court’s assessment of the
The defendant appends to its motion a number of unpublished orders from state
(and a few federal) trial court cases in Alabama imposing bifurcation and/or a stay of
discovery in suits involving uninsured and/or underinsured motorist benefits.1 These
brief orders are unaccompanied by any opinion explaining and supporting the reasoning
underlying the orders and so are of limited persuasive value.
Finally, the defendant points to Alabama authority that a bad-faith claim for
uninsured and/or underinsured motorist benefits “was due to be dismissed as premature
until a judgment was rendered against the tortfeasor in excess of the UIM benefits.”
(Doc. 30 at 3-4 (citing Ex parte Safeway Insurance Co., 990 So. 2d 344 (Ala. 2008))).
The defendant discusses another such order in its brief but fails to submit a copy,
leaving the Court unable to evaluate it. (Doc. 30 at 15).
The applicability of Safeway, however, depends on the existence of certain
circumstances, which the defendant does not attempt to demonstrate are present here.
Indeed, the defendant has not attempted to show that the policies on which the plaintiffs
sue are governed by Alabama law.2
The Court is thus confronted by a motion to bifurcate trial and to stay discovery
that is less than persuasive yet is expressly unopposed by the plaintiffs. The Court’s
skepticism notwithstanding, in view of the plaintiff’s acquiescence the motion is
granted. Trial of the bad-faith claim is bifurcated from that of the contract claim. All
extra-contractual discovery is stayed pending resolution, by trial, dispositive motion or
otherwise, of the contract claim.3
“Given the caseload of most district courts and the fact that cases can sometimes
stretch out over years, district courts must have discretion and authority to ensure that
their cases move to a reasonably timely and orderly conclusion.” Chrysler International
Corp. v. Chemaly, 280 F.3d 1358, 1360 (11th Cir. 2002). In light of the single, narrow
claim for breach of contract that must now be brought to conclusion before prosecution
and defense of the bad faith claim can begin, the Court anticipates that an abbreviated
discovery schedule and prompt trial date for the contract claim will be appropriate.
DONE and ORDERED this 29th day of August, 2012.
s/ WILLIAM H. STEELE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
The complaint alleges that the policies were issued in Louisiana. (Doc. 1 at 3).
To the uncertain extent the defendant seeks a stay that extends until the final resolution
of the contract claim by appeal and any post-appeal proceedings, the motion is denied.
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