McCorvey v. Alabama River Cellulose LLC et al
ORDER denying 146 Motion in Limine to exclude property damage reports. Signed by Chief Judge William H. Steele on 10/31/2014. (tgw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
DAVID EARL MCCORVEY, JR.,
) CIVIL ACTION 13-0118-WS-N
ALABAMA RIVER CELLULOSE, LLC, )
This matter is before the Court on the defendant’s motion in limine to
exclude property damage reports. (Doc. 146). The parties have filed briefs and
evidentiary materials in support of their respective positions, (Docs. 147-48, 169),
and the motion is ripe for resolution.
The defendant (without citation to any authority) argues that the reports are
double hearsay (what mill employees said that truck drivers said about property
damage from logs ejected from the Powerfeed). The plaintiff responds that he
offers the reports to prove the defendant’s notice of a dangerous condition1 and
that such a purpose renders the evidence non-hearsay. The plaintiff is correct.
E.g., United States v. Lee, 427 F.3d 881, 896 (11th Cir. 2005) (“Our examination of
the transcript, however, reveals that the district court judge admitted these
statements not for their truth, but for the non-hearsay purpose of showing notice
that the financial transactions were not recognized and were unlawful.”); Benford
v. Richards Medical Co., 792 F.2d 1537, 1540 (11th Cir. 1988) (“The deposition is
evidence that Richards was on notice of the potential problems with using cast
stainless steel in the Bechtol Total Hip. As evidence not offered to prove the truth
The defendant insists that the plaintiff is required to prove it knew or should
have known of the dangerous condition. (Doc. 142 at 3).
of the matter asserted, the deposition testimony was not subject to the general bar
against hearsay and was properly admitted by the trial judge.”); Worsham v. A.H.
Robins Co., 734 F.2d 676, 686-87 (11th Cir. 1984) (“The documents [which
“consisted of reports by doctors and company field representatives accompanied
by responses from the Robins’ doctor in charge of the Shield”] were properly
submitted and admitted into evidence as proof of Robins’ state of mind [i.e., its
“notice that the Shield was connected with severe pelvic infection”] and therefore
did not constitute hearsay.”); Collins ex rel. Kay v. Seaboard Coast Line Railroad
Co., 675 F.2d 1185, 1193 (11th Cir. 1982) (“Since the jury could consider the
knowledge that the Railroad employees had of the occurrence of accidents at this
crossing as notice of the crossing’s dangerous characteristics, the evidence would
not be hearsay. … The fact that the Railroad’s employees had not personally
witnessed the accidents which they stated they had heard about does not turn this
evidence into hearsay.”).
For the reasons set forth above, the defendant’s motion in limine is denied.
DONE and ORDERED this 31st day of October, 2014.
s/ WILLIAM H. STEELE
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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