State Oil and Gas Board of Alabama v. Delphi Oil, Inc.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER granting 8 Motion to Remand to State Court. This matter is REMANDED to the Circuit Court of Monroe County, Alabama. Signed by Magistrate Judge William E. Cassady on 5/8/2015. (eec)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
STATE OIL AND GAS BOARD OF
DELPHI OIL, INC.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on the Plaintiff’s motion to remand this matter to
the Circuit Court of Monroe County, Alabama, (doc. 8), and the Defendant’s response
(doc. 10). For the reasons stated below, the Plaintiff’s motion is GRANTED, and this
matter is REMANDED to the Circuit Court of Monroe County.
The Plaintiff, State Oil and Gas Board of Alabama, filed this action in the Circuit
Court of Monroe County, Alabama, on February 17, 2015. (Doc. 1-1.) The Defendant,
Delphi Oil, Inc., was served with the Plaintiff’s Complaint on March 7, 2015, (see doc. 1,
¶ 2), and removed this matter to this Court on April 3, 2015, on the basis of diversity
jurisdiction, (id., ¶ 7). On May 5, 2015, the Plaintiff moved to remand this matter to the
Circuit Court of Monroe County arguing that, contrary to the Defendant’s assertions in
the Notice of Removal, this Court does not have subject matter jurisdiction based on
diversity of citizenship because the Plaintiff is not a citizen of Alabama for diversity
jurisdiction purposes. (Doc. 8 at 4-6.) The Defendant does not oppose the Plaintiff’s
motion. (Doc. 10.) Specifically, the Defendant stated that “[i]n order to promote judicial
economy and for financial reasons defendant Delphi Oil, Inc.[,] will not oppose the
Plaintiff’s Motion to Remand this case to State Court.” (Id., ¶ 2.)
As the Plaintiff asserts, the Plaintiff is merely an alter ego of the State of
Alabama. See, e.g., Ala.Code 1975 § 9-17-17 (“[The State Oil and Gas Board], through
the Attorney General, . . . shall bring in the name of the State of Alabama against such
person . . . a civil action. . . .”); see also Univ. of S. Ala. v. Am. Tobacco Co., 168 F.3d 405, 412
(11th Cir. 1999) (“[W]e conclude that the University [of South Alabama] is an
instrumentality of the state, not a citizen of the state of Alabama, for the purpose of
diversity jurisdiction.”); Centraal Stikstof Verkoopkantoor, N.V. v. Ala. State Docks Dep’t,
415 F.2d 452, 457 (5th Cir. 1969) (concluding that the Alabama State Docks Department
was an alter ego of the state for purposes of diversity jurisdiction); La. Land &
Exploration Co. v. La. State Mineral Bd., 229 F.2d 5, 8 (5th Cir. 1956) (“[T]his suit against
the State Mineral Board, a mere agency or arm of the State, is in effect, a suit against the
State.”). Furthermore, “it is well settled that a suit between a state and a citizen or a
corporation of another state is not between citizens of different states.” Postal Telegraph
Cable Co. v. Ala., 155 U.S. 482, 487, 15 S. Ct. 192 (1894); accord Univ. of S. Ala., 168 F.3d at
411-12 (“[I]t is well established that a state is not a citizen of a state for the purpose of
diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332.” (citing Moor v. Alameda County, 411 U.S.
693, 717, 93 S. Ct. 1785, 1800, 36 L. Ed. 2d 596 (1973))).
Thus, it appears to the
undersigned that there is not diversity of citizenship between the parties in this case
and, therefore, this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction.
Accordingly, because the parties are not “citizens of different States” under §
1332, the Defendant does not oppose remand, and “all doubts about jurisdiction should
be resolved in favor of remand to state court,” Univ. of S. Ala., 168 F.3d at 411, it is
hereby ORDERED that the motion to remand (doc. 8) be GRANTED and that this
matter be REMANDED to the Circuit Court of Monroe County, Alabama.
DONE and ORDERED this the 8th day of May 2015.
s/WILLIAM E. CASSADY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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