Reynolds v. Colvin
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION Order awarding attorney's fees in the amount of $941.80 as set out herein. Signed by Magistrate Judge William E. Cassady on 11/22/2016. (srd)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
HALEY C. REYNOLDS,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This cause is before the Court, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) and Rule 54(d)(2)(A)
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, on plaintiff’s motion for an award of attorney’s
fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”), 28 U.S.C. § 2412. (Doc. 22; see also
Doc. 23.) Upon consideration of all pertinent materials contained in this file, it is
determined that plaintiff should receive a reasonable attorney’s fee in the amount of
$941.80 under the EAJA for legal services rendered by her attorney in this Court, see
Astrue v. Ratliff, 560 U.S. 586, 592 & 593, 130 S.Ct. 2521, 2526 & 2526-2527, 177 L.Ed.2d 91
(2010) (“Ratliff  asserts that subsection (d)(1)(A)’s use of the verb ‘award’ renders §
2412(d) fees payable directly to a prevailing party’s attorney[.] . . . We disagree. . . . The
plain meaning of the word ‘award’ in subsection (d)(1)(A) is  that the court shall ‘give
or assign by . . . judicial determination’ to the ‘prevailing party’ (here, Ratliff’s client
Kills Ree) attorney’s fees in the amount sought and substantiated under, inter alia,
subsection (d)(1)(B). . . . The fact that the statute awards to the prevailing party fees in
which her attorney may have a beneficial interest or a contractual right does not
establish that the statute ‘awards’ the fees directly to the attorney. For the reasons we
have explained, the statute’s plain text does the opposite-it ‘awards’ the fees to the
litigant[.]”); Brown v. Astrue, 271 Fed.Appx. 741, 743 (10th Cir. Mar. 27, 2008) (“The
district court correctly held that Mr. Brown’s assignment of his right in the fees award
to counsel does not overcome the clear EAJA mandate that the award is to him as the
prevailing party, and the fees belong to him. Thus, the district court correctly declined
to award the fees directly to counsel.”).1
FINDINGS OF FACT
On August 24, 2016, this Court entered a Rule 58 judgment reversing and
remanding this cause to the Commissioner of Social Security pursuant to sentence four
of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) for further proceedings. (Doc. 21; see also Doc. 20.) The application
for an award of attorney’s fees and expenses under the EAJA was filed on November 7,
2016 (Doc. 22), seventy-five (75) days after entry of final judgment (compare id. with Doc.
21). In the application, plaintiff requests attorney’s fees in the amount of $941.80 to
compensate her attorney for the time (5 hours) spent representing her before this Court
as of the date of the filing of the fee application (see Doc. 22, Time Itemization). The
Commissioner of Social Security did not file a response to plaintiff’s motion, though
extended the opportunity to file a response. (Compare Doc. 24 with Docket Sheet.)
CONCLUSIONS OF LAW
The Equal Access to Justice Act requires a district court to “award to a prevailing
party . . . fees and other expenses . . . incurred by that party in any civil action . . .,
including proceedings for judicial review of agency action, brought by or against the
Any appeal taken from this memorandum opinion and order and judgment shall
be made to the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals. (See Docs. 17 & 19 (“An appeal from a
judgment entered by a Magistrate Judge shall be taken directly to the United States Court of
Appeals for this judicial circuit in the same manner as an appeal from any other judgment of
this district court.”).)
United States . . ., unless the court finds that the position of the United States was
substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 2412(d)(1)(A). It is imminently clear in this case that plaintiff is a prevailing party
under the EAJA2 and that the position of the United States in this case was not
substantially justified, as the government has not filed a response arguing otherwise.
The EAJA requires a prevailing party to file an application for attorney’s fees
within thirty (30) days of final judgment in the action. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). The
thirty-day clock did not begin to run in this case until this Court’s reversal and remand
order of August 24, 2016 became final, which occurred at the end of the sixty (60) days
for appeal provided under Rule 4(a)(1) of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, see
Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302, 113 S.Ct. 2625, 2632, 125 L.Ed.2d 239 (1993), that is,
October 23, 2016. The motion filed in this case (Doc. 22), bearing a date of November 7,
2016, is timely since it was filed within thirty (30) days of October 23, 2016.
The EAJA, like 42 U.S.C. § 1988, is a fee-shifting statute. The Supreme Court has
indicated that “‘the most useful starting point for determining the amount of a
reasonable fee is the number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation multiplied
by a reasonable hourly rate.’” Watford v. Heckler, 765 F.2d 1562, 1568 (11th Cir. 1985)
(EAJA), quoting Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433, 103 S.Ct. 1933, 1939, 76 L.Ed.2d
40 (1983) (§ 1988); see Jean v. Nelson, 863 F.2d 759, 772-773 (11th Cir. 1988) (discussing the
reasonableness of the hours expended in the context of contentions by the government
that the fee requests were not supported by sufficient documentation and often
“[A] party who wins a sentence-four remand order is a prevailing party.” Shalala
v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302, 113 S.Ct. 2625, 2632, 125 L.Ed.2d 239 (1993).
involved a duplication of effort), aff'd sub nom. Commissioner, I.N.S. v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154,
110 S.Ct. 2316, 110 L.Ed.2d 134 (1990).
This calculation provides an objective basis on which to make an initial
estimate of the value of a lawyer’s services. The party seeking an award of
fees should submit evidence supporting the hours worked and the rates
claimed. Where the documentation of hours is inadequate, the district
court may reduce the award accordingly. The district court also should
exclude from this initial fee calculation hours that were not “reasonably
expended.” . . . Cases may be overstaffed, and the skill and experience of
lawyers vary widely. Counsel for the prevailing party should make a
good-faith effort to exclude from a fee request hours that are excessive,
redundant, or otherwise unnecessary, just as a lawyer in private practice
ethically is obligated to exclude such hours from his fee submission. “In
the private sector, ‘billing judgment’ is an important component in fee
setting. It is no less important here. Hours that are not properly billed to
one’s client also are not properly billed to one’s adversary pursuant to
Hensley, supra, 461 U.S. at 433-434, 103 S.Ct. at 1939-1940 (citations omitted); see also id.,
at 437, 103 S.Ct. at 1941 (“[T]he fee applicant bears the burden of establishing
entitlement to an award and documenting the appropriate hours expended and hourly
rates.”); ACLU of Georgia v. Barnes, 168 F.3d 423, 428 (11th Cir. 1999) (“If fee applicants
do not exercise billing judgment, courts are obligated to do it for them, to cut the
amount of hours for which payment is sought, pruning out those that are ‘excessive,
redundant, or otherwise unnecessary.’ Courts are not authorized to be generous with
the money of others, and it is as much the duty of courts to see that excessive fees and
expenses are not awarded as it is to see that an adequate amount is awarded.”); Norman
v. Housing Authority of City of Montgomery, 836 F.2d 1292, 1301 (11th Cir. 1988)
(“Excluding excessive or otherwise unnecessary hours under the rubric of ‘billing
judgment’ means that a lawyer may not be compensated for hours spent on activities
for which he would not bill a client of means who was seriously intent on vindicating
similar rights, recognizing that in the private sector the economically rational person
engages in some cost benefit analysis.”).
In Norman, supra, the Eleventh Circuit indicated that “the measure of reasonable
hours is determined by the profession’s judgment of the time that may be conscionably
billed and not the least time in which it might theoretically have been done.” 836 F.2d at
1306. Because the defendant has interposed no objection whatsoever to plaintiff’s EAJA
application, the Court finds that plaintiff’s counsel reasonably spent 5 hours on legal
tasks in this case.
With respect to a determination of the hourly rate to apply in a given EAJA case,
for services performed by attorneys, the express language of the Act, as amended by the
Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996, provides in pertinent part as follows:
The amount of fees awarded under this subsection shall be based upon
prevailing market rates for the kind and quality of the services furnished,
except that . . . attorney fees shall not be awarded in excess of $125.00 per
hour unless the court determines that an increase in the cost of living or a
special factor, such as the limited availability of qualified attorneys for the
proceedings involved, justifies a higher fee.
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A) (Cum.Supp. 1997).
In Meyer v. Sullivan, 958 F.2d 1029 (1992), the Eleventh Circuit determined that
the EAJA establishes a two-step analysis for determining the appropriate hourly rate to
be applied in calculating attorney's fees under the Act.
The first step in the analysis, . . . is to determine the market rate for
“similar services [provided] by lawyers of reasonably comparable skills,
experience, and reputation.” . . . The second step, which is needed only if
the market rate is greater than $ per hour, is to determine whether
the court should adjust the hourly fee upward from $ to take into
account an increase in the cost of living, or a special factor.
Id. at 1033-1034 (citations and footnote omitted).
For years, the prevailing market rate in the Southern District of Alabama was
$125.00 per hour. See, e.g., Willits v. Massanari, CA 00-0530-RV-C; Boggs v. Massanari, 000408-P-C; Boone v. Apfel, CA 99-0965-CB-L. However, this Court has adjusted that rate to
account for the increase in the cost of living. Lucy v. Barnhart, CA 06-0147-C, Doc. 32.
More specifically, the Court has adopted the following formula to be used in calculating
all future awards of attorney’s fees under the EAJA: “‘($125/hour) x (CPI-U Annual
Average “All Items Index”, South Urban, for month and year of temporal midpoint )/
152.4, where 152.4 equals the CPI-U of March 1996, the month and year in which the
$125 cap was enacted.’” (Id. at 11, quoting Doc. 31, at 2)
The temporal midpoint in this case was February 21, 2016, the complaint having
been prepared and filed on August 19, 2015 (compare Doc. 22, Time Itemization with
Doc. 1) and the Court having entered its order and judgment on August 24, 2016 (Docs.
20-21). The CPI-U for February of 2016 was 229.646. Plugging the relevant numbers into
the foregoing formula renders the following equation: $125x229.646/152.4. Completion
of this equation renders an hourly rate of $188.36.
In consideration of the foregoing, the plaintiff is to be awarded an attorney’s fee
in the amount of $941.80 under the EAJA for the 5 hours her attorney spent performing
work traditionally performed by attorneys in social security cases.
The Court ORDERS that plaintiff be awarded attorney’s fees in the amount of
$941.80 under the Equal Access to Justice Act, representing compensation for 5 hours of
service by Ann Winslow Butts, Esquire, at the cost-of-living-adjusted rate of $188.36.
DONE and ORDERED this the 22nd day of November, 2016.
s/WILLIAM E. CASSADY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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