Crews v. Standard Insurance Company
Order re: 14 MOTION for Leave to File Evidentiary Materials in Support of Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment Under Seal filed by Standard Insurance Company. Standard is to show cause by 6/7/16 as to which portions of the administrative record are of such a nature and character that the common law right of access may be overcome. (Show Cause Response due by 6/7/2016.). Signed by Judge Kristi K. DuBose on 5/24/2016. (cmj)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
KAY C. CREWS,
STANDARD INSURANCE COMPANY,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 15-00606-KD-B
This action is before the Court on Defendant Standard Insurance Company’s motion for
leave to file under seal (doc. 14). Standard moves to file under seal, the evidentiary materials
submitted in support of its motion for summary judgment.
However, when an action is before the court for “resolution, it is no longer solely the
parties' case, but also the public's case.” Brown v. Advantage Engineering, Inc., 960 F.2d 1013,
1016 (11th Cir.1992). Therefore, because of public concern with court proceedings, the courts
have recognized a “common law right to access to judicial proceedings”, which is “an essential
component of our system of justice” and “instrumental in securing the integrity of the process.”
Romero v. Drummond Co., 480 F.3d 1234, 1245 (11th Cir. 2007) (internal citations and
quotation marks omitted). The “common law right to access includes the right to inspect and
copy public records and documents”, Chicago Tribune Co. v. Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc., 263
F.3d 1304, 1311 (11th Cir. 2001) (citation mitted), including any “[m]aterial filed in connection
with any substantive pretrial motion, unrelated to discovery.” Romero, 480 F.3d at 1245.
“The common law right of access may be overcome by a showing of good cause, which
requires ‘balanc[ing] the asserted right of access against the other party's interest in keeping the
information confidential.’” Romero, 480 F.3d at 1246 (quoting Chicago Tribune, 263 F.3d at
1309. “ ‘[W]hether good cause exists ... is ... decided by the nature and character of the
information in question.’” Id. at 1246.
The Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has explained that
In balancing the public interest in accessing court documents against a party's
interest in keeping the information confidential, courts consider, among other
factors, whether allowing access would impair court functions or harm legitimate
privacy interests, the degree of and likelihood of injury if made public, the
reliability of the information, whether there will be an opportunity to respond to
the information, whether the information concerns public officials or public
concerns, and the availability of a less onerous alternative to sealing the
United States v. Ignasiak, 667 F.3d 1217, 1238 (11th Cir. 2012) (quoting Romero, 480 F. 3d at
Additionally, the First Amendment provides a right of access to criminal court
proceedings and a limited right where civil proceedings are at issue. Chicago Tribune, 263 F 3d
at 1310. Should this limited right apply to this action, Standard, as the party seeking to seal
documents would need to “show that sealing is ‘necessary to achieve a legitimate purpose’ and
that less intrusive alternatives were considered[.]” Clark v. Bamberger, 2016 WL 1183180 (M.D.
Ala. Mar. 28, 2016) (quoting Newman v. Graddick, 696 F. 2d 796, 802 (11th Cir. 1983)).
In the motion, Standard states that the evidentiary materials in the administrative record
contain information of a sensitive nature that should not become part of the public record, and
that neither party will be prejudiced by the seal. Standard identifies the documents in the
administrative record as the “Certificate and Summary Plan Description Group Life Insurance
Policy, Policy No. 6497380A, and the claim file pertaining to additional life insurance benefits
purchased by” the insured decedent (doc. 14, p. 2).
The Court finds that Standard has failed to make the requisite showing of good cause to
seal and keep confidential the entire administrative record. Accordingly, Standard shall show
cause on or before June 7, 2016, as to which portions of the administrative record are of such a
nature and character that the common law right of access may be overcome.
DONE and ORDERED this 24th day of May 2016.
s / Kristi K DuBose
KRISTI K. DuBOSE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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